I offer you a master class of embroidery flowers innon-traditional technique of volumetric embroidery. It is aimed, first of all, at pupils of 7-9 grades and will be useful for teachers of technology, teachers of additional education, for all creative people. You can use this embroidery in different ways. It can be a gift made by ones own hands, decorative decoration for clothes, interior and so on. A few words about the history of embroidery. Embroidery is a decoration of a fabric embroidered with ornament. This craft is rooted in the old times. Even in the 14-15 centuries BC they were engaged in the masters of Ancient Egypt. In the tomb of Tutankhamun, a ceremonial royal apparel was found, embroidered with colored ornaments. In Peru, in the 8th century BC, embroidery was used to decorate fabrics. In China in the 1-3 centuries, green silk fabrics were embroidered with multicolored plant and animal designs. A red-figure Greek vase (450 BC) shows an embroiderer working with trapezoidal hoops. At that time, two methods of embroidery were known: smooth and cross. Embroidery and engaged in wealthy women and slaves. Embroider handkerchiefs, bedspreads, chitons. Slaves embroidered for sale, and townspeople - for entertainment. In ancient Russia embroidery with gold threads was known from 11-12 centuries. Initially embroidery involved women of noble families and nuns, but gradually the art of embroidery began to spread among all sections of the population and became the main occupation of peasant girls. Embroidery techniques, patterns, and color were perfected from generation to generation. Free embroidery is the embroidering of the plane of the pattern partially or completely with straight or oblique stitches. Bulk embroidery is performed on the basis of two-sided and artistic smoothness. In this technique, you can make a wall panel, a buttonhole, an ornament for a hair clip, etc. I suggest to embroider a queen of flowers - a rose. It is about this flower that people composed many poems, legends and fairy tales. The birthplace of the rose is Persia. In ancient Persian, the word "rose" literally means "spirit." She was loved, she was worshiped, she was sung from time immemorial. Rose - the queen of flowers - is the subject of admiration, worship and ardent love. The very first information about the rose can be found in ancient Indian legends: it was used in ancient India in such honor that even there was a law according to which everyone who brings a rose to the king could ask for anything he wanted. There are many legends about the birth of a rose. One by one she was born from a snow-white foam that covered the body of Aphrodite. Seeing this adorable flower on it, the gods immediately sprinkled it with nectar, giving it a wonderful scent. According to another legend, the goddess Chloris created the rose by transforming the dead nymph, which she failed to revive, into a beautiful flower with the attraction of Aphrodite, the intoxicating aroma of Dionysus, the joy and brightness of Graces ... There are many legends and how the white rose turned red. Here is a red rose and we will embroider. Materials and tools: For embroidery in the technique of voluminous smoothness, the following materials, tools and devices will be needed:
- thread of a mulina of red and green hues,
- needles number 2-5, thimble,
- embroidery frame with a diameter of 15-20 cm,
- simple pencil,
- non-woven fabric,
- wire for weaving beads with a diameter of 0.3 mm.
The sequence of making the product Draw and cut the patterns of petals, leaves. The number of petals and leaves is selected independently, depending on the expected volume of the bud. Pull the fleece in the embroidery frame. Circle the petal pattern (or leaf) tothe wrong side of the fleece. Place the wire along the contour of the image, having crossed the ends of the wire 1.5-3 cm long at the base of the part. Sew the wire with thread in one addition. Flip the embroidery frame with nonwoven on the frontside. Thread the two pieces together by grasping the wire with a stitch, alternating short and long stitches from the center first to one side, then to the other. Fill the two-sided surface with thealternating short and long stitches. You can use threads of only the same color as the threads of the loop stitch. You can apply techniques of artistic smoothness with the effect of chiaroscuro. Single threads to perform individual shading strokes on the field of a detail, placing them fan from the bottom. Manicure scissors cut the part of the product close to the loop seam. At the same time, you need to take care not to touch the thread of embroidery. If the product is intended for celebration, sew the contours of the beads with a seam "over the edge", picking up 2-3 beads per needle. Embroider all the petals. Embroider leaves in the same way. Collect all the petals together. Collect the leaves in a twig. Fix the flower and leaves together, twisting the ends of the wire together. For a buttonhole, attach a pin to the wire. To decorate the hairpin or rim, you need to attach the finished flower to the base with a wire or universal glue. If you attach a flower to the stem (for example, to a cocktail tube), you can put it in a vase and use it to decorate the interior. Based on this technique, you can perform a variety of flowers. You just need to fantasize a little! Wish you luck!