Many parents know very well how usefulto engage in creativity with his children from early childhood. The easiest lessons like drawing with finger paints or paper applications are able to develop both children's imagination and fine motor skills, and it is known to contribute to the development of the child's speech. Those kids, with whom the parents managed to work at home to the kindergarten, feel more confident. They know how to handle scissors or how to glue paper parts. Paper applications can deal with even the smallest children. Applications for babies must have the following qualities:
- For the smallest children, the details must be large and understandable;
- the colors of all the details must be very bright and saturated;
- the process itself should bring joy to your baby.
With all this you should never leaveYour child is alone with scissors, and also with glue. What benefits can the child bring to the application? On the palms of any person there are a lot of nerve endings, and they have a direct connection with the brain. Forcing the child to work with pens, you massage his hands, and all the nerve endings that are there are irritated. Irritated nerve endings send some kind of signals to the baby's brain, not allowing him to rest. The brain is at work, and the irritation of the nerve endings leads to its development and improvement. Moreover, how many joyful emotions a child can get by attaching colored details to a paper base. For such activities children can spend a lot of time. The main task of such lessons is the drawing up of drawings from individual paper parts. Catching up with the baby application, you influence the development of your baby's compositional skills. These lessons are taught to lay out the same forms in one row or have different parts of the order in different orders. The child tries creatively to rework the received impressions, during work it is persevering and is extremely concentrated. Working with applications teaches children to restrain, perseverance, independence and accuracy. Children begin to understand what symmetry and harmony are. They improve their eye functions, acquire the skills of assessing and correcting the errors that are detected during the analysis. But before you deal with the child application, you should focus on the types of this work, materials and tools that you might need. What will be needed from materials To be engaged in application, prepare materials and tools:
- For the background, you need a sheet of thick paper or cardboard;
- and colored paper is obligatory, from it certain parts of the application will be made. Prepare scissors, it is desirable to have a tool with blunt ends;
- PVA together with a brush, but this can all be replaced with glue-pencil. To remove excess glue, prepare a napkin in advance.
On familiarization classes it is better to usethe simplest variations of applications, they can be performed even without certain skills. Stores for creativity are ready to offer their clients a lot of different templates. In similar sets there are contours of figures, and also color details which are unpacked separately. You can make these templates yourself. Color paper is an excellent material for creativity classes with children. It is easily cut and glued, and bright colors will always be of interest to the child. The kid will enthusiastically cut out all kinds of circles, squares and triangles. The workflow becomes fascinating, even when your baby is sticking all sorts of colored parts in a chaotic manner onto a sheet of paper. Creating complex applications If your baby is a little older, then for them you can find more difficult jobs. Useful, as well as interesting will be work with corrugated and velvety paper. This will develop various tactile sensations. You should understand that the application can be called a picture, painted with paper on a paper basis. So do not get hung up on the simplest geometric shapes. From the colored sheets of paper you can cut out a wide variety of templates of all sizes and shapes. The harder the form, the sooner the child learns to deal with scissors and develop sleight of hand. Types of applications There are several types of applications: Breakaway applications There are such types of applications, when the leaves of paper are not cut into separate parts, it is simply cut off by hand. And from the small multicolored pieces are made all kinds of drawings. Such a method can perfectly convey the textureimage, suppose, if necessary, to draw a furry little beast. Children very often like to tear paper, but even this desire can be used with profit - get creative with your child. Let your baby tear paper on different particlesany shape and size. And you will need to glue them together on a pre-selected background. Thus, the child not only creates, but also relieves of accumulated stress. Overhead application The most unimaginable picture can be made by own hands, using a variety of different patterns and colored paper. Using this method, small parts are glued to a larger piece. How to make a hedgehog pattern using a templateThis picture will help you make a colorful application. In addition to the template, prepare colored paper, paint, scissors and glue. First, cut out all the details of the prepared schematics, after that all the details will need to be pasted onto the base, for which it is best to choose thick paper or cardboard. First, glue the face of the hedgehog, then its trunk and in the end - the spout. Use the black marker to represent in the picture a hedgehog of thorns, eyes, paws and mouth. To make the composition complete, cut out an apple and a leaf from the colored paper. Modular appliance This kind of workimplies the creation of many shapes of the same shape, and only after that of these details create one complete picture. As an example, your attention is given to the process of making Ladybird. Applications of this kind are similar to the designer. The child not only learns to cut and connect details, but also to collect images from the same modules. But to successfully do this, the child must show imagination and present the final result. To make together with the baby ladybirds, prepare two red circles with a diameter of 8 cm, as well as two black circles, but the diameter of one should be 5 cm, and the other - 7 cm. For the substrate, prepare the paper and paste it on it.black circle, whose diameter is 7 cm. It will serve as the bug's body. The second black circle will become the head. For this, bend the circle in half and glue it to the calf as illustrated below. Wings will be made of two red circles. Also bend them in half and glue to the calf, but only for those halves that are lower. The result can be seen in the photo. It remains to make the eyes or paste already made of plastic. Draw a marker of the foot, antennae, and points on the back. Now ladybugs made with the help ofmodular appliqué, ready. Symmetrical application Such applications are great for creating any images or whole compositions. Symmetrical application is used for those figures that have a symmetrical structure or in the event that you want to create perfectly even outlines. Draw a piece of paper on the paper, bend it in half and, holding the fold, cut out half of the part along the contour. Tape applique The tape form of the application is slightly similar toprevious. However, in this case, with the help of an application, you can get not two identical figures, but a set. They can be connected to each other or vice versa - scattered. Belt application is good for making different patterns on napkins, bookmarks, etc. Silhouette of the application Apply this kind of applique to children who have a well-developed imagination. Draw a variety of images that you just need to cut out along the path. Three-dimensional applications Three-dimensional applications of paperare a unique kind of children's creativity, on which one must dwell in more detail. Using it, you can create a variety of varied three-dimensional figures. It can be characters from cartoons, letters of the alphabet, flowers and much more. But in order for them to work out, you must use various templates in your work. Although the bulk application sounds unusual, but this is not very difficult. You need to print out the templates (you can redraw them), bend along the lines and glue together. Many of the patterns can be found at once multi-colored. But there are also black and white schemes, so that you can offer your child to paint the original artwork. Pyramid First, try to make the simplest of voluminous applications in the form of a pyramid:
How to make a three-dimensional color toy You just need to print out the scheme on a color printer:
A cloudy three-dimensional application Well, who in childhooddoes not want to fly to the sky? Help your child tell about his cherished dream, and colored paper will help to do this. The templates below will help you do this. The picture can be glued on the wall in the nursery or presented to the grandmother and grandfather for memory. Print or redraw cloud patterns andballoon, bend them according to the accordion scheme and cut out. Now glue all the bulk pieces to a pre-prepared blue background. You should get out like in the photo, only the balls will be the same color. Application for First Class Children ThisThe appliqué is not easy, so offer it to children who already go to school. The main difficulty in this work will be a neat cutting of the side parts of the flowers (here it is very important not to touch the middle of the flower). Of course, you can make it easier for the kids,making not 5 colors, but 3. However, they need to be done more so that the children would be more comfortable working. First of all cut the blue paper of two shades into separate squares: there will be two of them. The sides of the large square will be 6 cm, and the small one - 5 cm. For each cornflower you need two such squares. Fold the square diagonally twice, then again and again in half. Take the scissors and start cutting. First, round the wide part of the triangle, then cut the teeth at the edge of the flower. As a result, you need to cut out the side parts, just look carefully, as it is done in the picture. Unfold the paper, and the cornflower is ready. Such flowers should be cut out of all the prepared squares and glued them in pairs. Take yellow cardboard - it will serve as the basis. Cut a background of orange colored paper and paste it on top. Arrange all the flowers on top of the background and mark their place with a pencil. Cut out from green paper stems with a width ofabout 0.5 cm. They need to be glued to the application, but only in two places: where there are pencil notations and below where the flower will begin. On top of the stems, paste and cornflowers. Now make the leaves using the methodsymmetrical application. For this purpose, cut out a rectangle 12x4 cm in size from the green paper, bend it in half and draw on it the contours of the future leaf. Cut out the contours, and the leaf is ready. These should be made 4-5 pieces. Glue the leaves on the base, and the appliqueVasilek is ready. You should understand that not only cardboard and colored paper are used to create applications. Give your child freedom, let him fantasize. It is not forbidden to experiment with different textures and colors. You can use a variety of fabrics, beads, buttons, sequins and everything else that you have at your fingertips. If you do not have colored paper at hand, and the child needs something to do, then you can use a gift wrapper. It is always very bright, and has many variegated drawings. If this is not in your house, then any glossy magazines will do. They are also convenient because they can cut out images of people, cars, etc. Using colored napkins, you can create a lot of break-out applications. Napkins are best used to display fluffy surfaces, it can be cat hair, dandelion, etc. Very beautiful applications are obtained if you additionally use buckwheat, rice, semolina, etc. Cereals give the individual objects of the composition a relief. Allow your child to understand personally how to create such applications. But always stay close to support your child in time and help him. Open for the child various methods of applications gradually. Finished work can be used to create all kinds of paintings, as well as gifts for loved ones. The usefulness of applications simply can not be overemphasized.