How to tie a crochet, chart, photo and descriptioncreation of various models of berets, a pattern of "bumps" and twisted columns, a lesson on crocheting crochet with the help of relief convex and concave columns with a crochet
Among the many different accessories in thethe wardrobe of a woman surely will find a beret. It can be a lace and light summer version, designed to protect from scorching sunlight. For autumn or winter there are warm berets that preserve heat. And, of course, any model is also an additional decoration, serving as an additional touch in the integrity of the image. The name itself is of French or Italian origin and is translated as a "flat cap". It is believed that the prototype of the beret was the headgear of the Celts, who lived in the 12th-12th centuries AD. Initially berets were used not so much for the sake of beauty, but for the sake of convenience. They perfectly protected from a bad weather and allowed to hide hair to peasants who were the first to wear berets. Over time, such a comfortable headgear was appreciated by the military, the beret becomes an indispensable part of the uniform of the soldiers of the Middle Ages. At the end of the XV century, beret becomes not only useful, but also beautiful. As in most cases, fashion legislators - French - use silk and velvet for making this accessory, decorate it with feathers, embroidery and pearls. The beret has beautiful buckles, brooches and studs with precious stones. In this period of time it is worn by both men and women. In Russia beret appears in the beginning of the XIX century. At that time he was worn exclusively by married women. In the present, this charming accessory can be purchased by any fashionista. However, a truly original highlight of the image will only be taken by handmade. Create a beautiful accessory is easy, for example, you can tie it with a crochet. In this article we will offer several variants of berets crocheted, with diagrams, photos and detailed description of the work. Takes a crochet with a pattern of "shishechki" Option 1 It will take:
- Melange yarn (100% mohair) 100 g;
- Hook No. 3.5.
This thread consumption is specified for 57 sizes. Before you start knitting, you will need to remove individual measurements and tie a sample from several rows of art. with / n. this will allow you to calculate the number of loops needed to grab the head. In this variant of knitting any beret crocheted, the work will begin with the bottom. Knit in a circle, following the pattern. The first river. In a ring of 6 cp. to tie in 3 tpp and 11 tbsp. с / н, finish 1 с.с. The second river. we knit making increments in every second loop. We alternate knitting "shishechki" with art. with / n. it is quite easy to link it. To do this, you will need to unfasten 4 uncompleted stems from one loop of the base. with / n. There are 5 loops on the hook. Now we need to tie the last from the hook head 4 loops, and then connect the remaining two, available on the hook, into one. So, the second row will look like this: 3 VPP, in the next loop of the circle we knit 1 "shishechku" and 1 tbsp. s / n, in the next loop we sew 1 "shishechku", then in the fourth loop we knit 1 tbsp. s / n and 1 "shishechku", etc. Make sure that the art. s / n and "shishechki" alternated, regardless of whether to knit them from one loop or from different. Finish 1 с.с. in the 3rd cp. Third r. knit only art. with / n. In this model, each odd number should be tied in this way. The number of loops is easy to calculate according to the scheme. We start each of the series of 3 VPPs. and finish 1 с.с. in the 3rd cp. The fourth and all subsequent even rows are knit, alternating 1 tbsp. с / н and 1 "шишечку". We start and finish the same way as the previous row. We knit with the addition of loops in a circle. When the diameter of the product becomes approximately 22 cm, it is necessary to knit a pattern without increments down to a distance of about 19 cm. At these stages, you should make a fitting. If the beret value is sufficient, then in the next row it is necessary to make the reduction of the loops. We reduce the circumference to the size of the head circumference. Since previously you have associated a small sample, then with the calculation of loops, difficulties do not arise. 6 rows are simply st. с / н without additions and deductions. In the end, tie everything in a "step by step". Option 2 This model does not fit from the center to the bottom, buton the contrary. First, we perform an even part, wrapping our head, and then we knit an openwork. In this beretik, the ornament in the form of "knobs" is assembled into original fans. It turns out very reliably, textured, but due to the winter version of the yarn and a sufficiently dense pattern with such an accessory, the cold is not terrible. It will take:
- Yarn (100% merino wool 400 m / 100 g);
- Hook No. 3.
We begin to knit a beret with elastic, whichbows his head. For those who know how to knit on needles, this part can be done with their help. If you prefer a hook, then choose a rubber band consisting of relief (convex and concave) art. with / n. In this model, the rubber band is made 1 x 1, i.е. we knit 1 convex (front) art. s / n, and then 1 concave (purl) art. with / n. Beginning of work. Type the required number of units. and close them in a circle. The first river. knit ordinary art. with / n. We start 3 cp. and finish 1 с.с. in the 3rd cp. The second river. We alternate 1 facial relief st. с / н and 1 inlaid relief st. with / n. The third p and all the subsequent knits are analogous to the second. We start them with 2 ppp. and finish 1 с.с. in the 2 nd cp. Below are the step-by-step drawings of knitting embossed art. with / n. We knit an elastic band without any increase. Trying in the process of work. When its height is sufficient it is necessary to tie one row of st. b / n. We knit it as follows: 4 tbsp. b / n, 2 tbsp. b / n with a common basis. We continue to double every fifth loop to the end of the row. Next, we knit the first row of the pattern from the "bumps." The first river. 1 pp, 2 tbsp. b / n, * 2 bp. 7 loops to pass, we knit in the eighth loop (1 st c / n + 1 st 6 times + 1 st s / n), 2 sts, 7 loops to pass, 5 tbsp. b / n *. We continue knitting from *, we finish 2 tbsp. b / n and 1 c.s. in 1 cp. The second river. 1 cp 1 tbsp. b / n, * 2 bp. now in every 1 bp located between st. s / n the first row, we knit a "pussy", and between them 2 bp each, then 2 more bp, in 3 medium st. second-hand knit 3 tbsp. b / n *. Continue from * to the end of the circle, finish 1 tbsp. b / n and 1 c.s. in 1 cp. Third r. 3 percentage points three times we knit from the same loop of the base (1 st, 1 st c / n), 2 cp. * Now we knit 5 tbsp. b / n in two medium "shishechki" and 2 v.p. between them the fans of the second row, 2 sts, and again we knit a fan from st. с / н and в.п. as in the first row of a single loop of the base, which serves as the middle of the three st. second row of second row. We continue from *. Finish 1 с.с. in the 3rd loop of lifting. The 4th, 6th, 8th, 10th and 12th rows are knit as the second. We perform odd jobs as the third. How to knit a "knob" was described above. But in the first variant it was from the 4th century. s / n, and this is from 5 or even from 6, if you want a more "magnificent" "bump". This number of rows for a beret is quiteenough. The last before the decrease is the 12th row. In order to close the top of the beret in the 13th, it is necessary to tie in a fan not 7 st. with / n. and 6. Then in the 14th row there will be 5 "shishechek" instead of 6. Thus, in each odd number we reduce the amount of art. s / n in the fan for one until then. While in the even number there will not be 1 "little bump" in each report. All the available loops are tied into one, the thread is fastened, cut and hidden. Olive Crochet and Scarf This model is associated with an olive yarn with contrasting dark green stripes. An additional emphasis can give pearls. For a beret and a scarf you will need:
- Olive yarn 300 g (30% acrylic, 70% mohair) 520 m / 100 g;
- Dark green yarn 30 g (8% metallic, 92% acrylic) 400 m / 100 g;
- Hook No. 3;
- Several pearls;
The beret on the model is bound to a size of 56. Work starts from the center of the bottom and is performed in a circle. The first river. We knit the yarn of olive color. In the ring of 8 vols. we knit 3 cp and 15 tbsp. with / n. we finish 1 с.с. in the 3rd cp. The second river. Doubling the number of loops, forcing each loop of the first circle of 2 tbsp. with / n. instead of the first art. c / n knit 3 bpp, we finish the series 1 s.s. in the 3rd cp. Third r. 3 tpp, 1 tbsp. с / н, 2 tbsp. s / n with a common base, * 3 tbsp. с / н, 2 tbsp. s / n with a common base *. Continue from *. Finish 1 tbsp. с / н and 1 с.с. in the 3rd cp. Fourth р. We double the double loops in every fifth loop of the third circle. The Fifth River. We double knit loops in every third loop of the previous row. We start and finish, like the previous series. The next two rows need to knit a dark green yarn. The Sixth River. 1 vpp, then we will knit arches from 3 vp, fixing their art. b / n in every third loop. The last arch in the circle is knitted as (1 stp + 1 s.p. s / n in 1 cp). Seventh r. knit without the addition of art. b / n in each loop. Again we begin knitting with olive threads. Eighth r. 1 cp We carry out arches from 3 vp, fixing their art. b / n in every fourth loop of the previous row. We finish 1 с.с. in 1 cp. The ninth and tenth rows are knitted equally. In each arch we sew 5 tbsp. b / n, in each art. b / n of the previous row we sew for 1 tbsp. b / n. 11th р. 3 percentage points in Art. b / n, tied in arches, we knit for 1 tbsp. with / n. in those, art. b / n the previous series, which we tied between the arches, also knit art. with / n. in such a sequence twice in 1 tbsp. s / n, then 2 tbsp. s / n with one base. The 12th р. 3 ppp, now we knit art. s / n, carrying out 2 tbsp. s / n with a common basis only in the first of two st. c / n with the common base of the previous row. 13th and 14th rows knit similarly to the 12th. The next two rows perform a dark green yarn. The 15th r. we knit with arches from 3 vp, fixing their art. b / n in every third loop. Continue to knit according to the scheme. When the circle reaches a diameter of 25 cm, two rows of st. with / without additions. And then another four rows of Art. b / n, too, without the addition of loops. 4-th row of Art. b / n need to perform dark green yarn. Further we knit with discounts approximately 12 loops in each circle. At the height of the canvas in 5 cm we perform 1 row of st. b / n threads dark green. Try the product several times in the process of knitting. If at this stage the girth of the beret is sufficient, then we sew another 3 cm without any additional increases. Now yarn dark green in the third scheme tied beret. You can sew pearls along the outline of dark greenbands or create your own ornament. Scarf knit in length. The number of loops of the set should be a multiple of 9 + 1. Knit by the second scheme olive threads for 180 cm in length. According to the third scheme, draw a dark green-colored yarn with a similar beret. Original crochet hook with a pattern of twisted columns It will take:
- Cashmere yarn sectional dyeing 300 m / 100 g;
- Hook No. 3.5.
In order to perform such a column, doon the hook there are as many nacs as you want turns. Crochet the hook as much as possible freely, this will simplify your job of pulling a working thread through them. Now we need to enter the hook into the loop, from which the column will exit. We grasp the working thread and pull out the loop. Now stretch the working thread through all the loops on the hook, holding them with your fingers. The twisted column is ready. This one takes we knit from bottom to top. We begin work with an even part that clasps the head. We type the chain from the intersection. Its length without stretching should be equal to the circumference of the head. The first river. we sew art. c / n and only now we are closing in a ring, tying 1 cc in the 3rd cp. The second river. We unfold the work and again knit Art. s / n from the wrong side. This canvas is more textured. Repeat these two rows again and proceed to knit pattern with twisted columns. Below is an example scheme, but in this model there are differences. The first river. 1 pp, 1 tbsp. b / n, * 5 loops to pass and in the sixth to connect 6 twisted columns with a common base. Each column has 12 turns. Then again, let's skip 5 loops and then knit 2 tbsp. b / n *. We continue on a circle from *. The number of fans from twisted bars should be 9. The number of missing loops between them can vary from 5 to 7 in order to adjust the number of fans, as well as their desired height. The second river. perform art. with / n. We knit them in each loop. If you want to expand the beret, then tie between the fans not two loops, but three or more. Third r. we knit the connecting posts without tightening the thread. Fourth р. we bind it with a "step by step". To sweep from the first to the fourth rows two more times. It turns out only 12 rows. Beginning on the 13th, we knit down. We perform fans from five twisted columns. Each column has 10 turns. The next two rows perform fans of 4 columns of 10 curls. Then one row of 3 columns (number of turns = 7), then a row of 2 columns of 6 turns. The last circle will consist of 12 twisted columns of 5 turns each with a common vertex. Thread, fasten, cut and hide. We tie the bottom of the beret with the "steppe's step" through one loop. Openwork from the motives A very gentle and feminine beret is bound from six- and five-cornered motifs. It will take:
- Yarn made from 100% mercerized cotton;
- Hook No. 2.5.
Below is a very detailed scheme of the implementation of motives and options for their connection. It is necessary to connect 25 hexagonal and 6pentagonal blanks. To bind details into one sheet is necessary during the execution of the last row. When all the motifs are joined together, it is necessary to tie them along the edge, as indicated in the diagram, fixing st c / n and st. b / n in the arches from the v. Next, we knit seven rows of Art. b / n. In the last row, perform a picot in each 4th loop. Hexagonal motif First r. In an amigurumi ring of 6 loops knit arches from 2 vp, fixing them with two st. c / n with common vertex and base. The second river. At each vertex of two st. s / n knit (1 item b / n + 5 vp + 1 item b / n), in arches from 2 v.p. We knit for 2 tbsp. b / n. Third r. In the arches of the 5 c. we sew (4 items of s / n + 2 vp + 4 items s / n). Finish 2 c.s. Fourth р. In Art. с / н we sew * 3 tbsp. b / n, then 5 bp. over the arch of 2 v.p., 3 tbsp. b / n, 3 points, 2 loops to miss, *. Continue from *. We will get 6 arches out of 5 bp, which will become the corners of the motif. The pentagonal motif is similar, but the number of loops in the amigurumi ring will be 5. In the last row, arches of 5 cp. will also be 5.