The main points for beginners to sew area theory that you just need to learn and master before you embark on sewing. At first glance, it seems completely unnecessary, but it's not at all like that. It is the theory that makes it possible to apply knowledge in practice and achieve significant results, realizing their creative desires and potential in creating beautiful models of products. There are times when for a short time you need to fit a dress or blouse, shorten a skirt and perform other sewing manipulations aimed at improving the appearance of a particular piece of clothing. It is then in the head of a woman and there is a thought - and why not learn how to sew. After all, this skill will not only allow you to eliminate all the shortcomings in your clothes and save time and money spent on a trip to the seamstress, but also create something new, exclusive or unique for yourself or your family. As you know, in any case, one desire is not enough. It takes a lot of patience and theoretical knowledge, and, of course, time. In order to do a good job it will take more than a day or even a month. Learning to sew really good quality things is impossible. So let's start with the basics. If you really decided to master this type of needlework, you will definitely need special tools and materials. Therefore, in advance, stock up on everything you need. For work you should have in your arsenal:
- sewing machine, which can have a manual, foot or, ideally, electric drive;
- sewing needles, having different sizes (meaning length, eyelet size, thickness);
- spare needle for sewing machine;
- thread for sewing different colors;
- scissors sharp, tailoring, for cutting fabrics;
- tools for measuring;
- sewing pins;
- chalk or pieces of soap;
- graph paper and paper for drawing;
- tracing paper;
- simple pencils, etc.
You've got everything you need now you canto proceed to the next stage - the study of the special terminology inherent in this type of needlework. Such terminology is inherent in any kind of activity and is the key to the correct interpretation of descriptions and instructions, and hence to the successful performance of the work. In this case, you should clearly understand what is different, for example, the term "hem" from the term "sewn" or what is "stitching" and "pritachat." Equally important is the use of various seams. During sewing, for example, clothes, stitches or lines made by hand, and machine stitches are used. The first option is relevant in order to temporarily fix the individual parts of the product into one unit, to fix the decor elements. In some cases, when the machine stitch can not be used, manual stitches are also used. Now let's talk about one of the most important components of tailoring of any thing - taking measurements. To do this, use a special centimeter tape, well we all know. Remember, you need to take all the measurements from a person when he is not wearing outer clothing. There is only linen on the body. A centimeter tape should be applied tightly enough to the area of the body that is measured, but in no case too tight. Sometimes, when taking measurements for completeness, you should add one to two centimeters. When measuring the thighs and chest, you need to do this at the most prominent points. To get a size such as waist circumference, you need to measure the narrowest part of the figure. After removing the measurements, you will need to completedrawing pattern. First, this is done on a graph paper, according to all the measurements taken from the model. Then the drawing should be transferred to the paper that you prepared for the pattern. In order to transfer the pattern to the fabric. First you need to properly prepare the material. It is well ironed and folded in half. The face of the tissue should be inside. You can fold the fabric in the direction of the warp thread or on the scythe. This moment depends on the model you are sewing. The paper pattern is fixed on the piece of fabric with the help of sewing pins. With the help of chalk or remnants, about which wesaid above, the pattern should be traced along the fabric. Be sure to consider all allowances for seams. Now carefully remove the paper pattern from the fabric, but only in such a way as to avoid deformation. With the help of tailor's sharp scissors it is necessary to make a cut. During cutting, the part should be on the right side of the tool, and the fabric that you will cut off, on the left side of it. If you have successfully found all the details of a future thing,then you have fulfilled the lion's share of the work. Now we need to proceed to the final stage - the assembly of the product. To do this, offset stitches, manually connect the parts together. After the temporary assembly, the product must be tried on and, possibly, eliminated some of the shortcomings. Then the product is thrashed with a sewing machine. The finished product requires additional processing, namely the processing of slices using an overlock or by hand. If necessary, add decor elements. Any product you can sew on independently made patterns, or use the patterns offered by various print publications and online resources. But, remember that a beginner seamstress should not immediately take on a complex model. You need to start with the simplest option. Gradually you can move on to more complex and intricate products.