- Techniques of beaded needlework
- Features beadwork for the most beginners
- Thread and wire
- Basic techniques of weaving with beads
- Video: Technique of mosaic beading
- Video: Brick beading technique
- Master class on beading for beginners
- Video: Flower of beads by parallel weaving
Some believe that weaving from beads - a newFascination with modern masters. This is not quite true. The history of beadwork is quite rich. Its origin is the manufacture of glass beads from ancient Egypt. The production of the first beads was quite laborious and complicated. The masters wrapped a metal rod with a heated glass thread, then the rod was quickly pulled out and the glass cylinder was cut manually.
In Russia, the first beads were made from piecesMother-of-pearl or river pearls. With his help decorated clothes, utensils or used for embroidery. Later needlewomen used the famous Venetian beads in combination with our precious stones and natural pearls for the expansion of the costumes of notable gentlemen and decoration of interior items.
A special flowering of beading is accounted for byThe end of the 19th - the beginning of the 20th century. Craftsmen from Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Lithuania already widely use beads in the manufacture of jewelry and accessories for clothing. Make of beads and jewelry. Variety in techniques and patterns creates in each national group unique and original elements of art peculiar to this particular nation.
Even then, variousWork with beads. Masters of weaving from beads threaded beads on the threads, using in one product several dozen similar beaded chains. Weaved the canvas with beads: manually and on special machines. Pulled various methods of delicate or solid details, made fringe. For weaving, horse hair was used, and waxed threads and thin wire, interlacing the base with strung beads, received bright and unique patterns of different character. Sometimes for beadwork, the pattern was borrowed from other products or invented by needlewomen.
Techniques of beaded needlework
With weaving of beads are associated different techniquesNeedlework. Beads are not only an element of decor, but also the basis of all designs. This beads and unique - its multifunctionality. With the use of beads are known such techniques of needlework, as knitting, weaving, weaving, mosaic. They require concentration and precision, but as an award the experienced craftsman gets a variety of options for finished products, obtained by mixing the techniques of weaving, patterns and colors of beads.
Now the beads are huge in their variety, itCan be round or faceted, flattened or stretched, matte or iridescent, transparent and opaque. Also, the size of the beads is uniform and heterogeneous, especially this quality affects the quality of the production of canvas beads.
If you have not "fallen ill" with weaving beads,Then you just did not see the beauty that comes from these baby beads. If you are fond of embroidering and knitting, you can just add your favorite hobby beads. You will get a whole layer of new and unusual ideas. In the event that you are inclined to design or create soft toys and sculpture, then here the beads are your assistant. You can create three-dimensional figures, flowers and trees, decorations and accessories, and even delightful for their beauty clothes. Also you can supplement your work with components from beads. Mixing beadwork techniques and combining different types of applied art, you will create your own unique style.
And if you have already caught fire with a new kind of needlework and want to learn how to weave from beads, then let's first consider all the pros and cons that lie in wait in this art.
Features beadwork for the most beginners
For the very first experiments you can useVideo lessons or any master class on beading. We have a lot of them, just choose from the relevant sections under the heading "beadwork". To weave jewelry beads or small accessories do not require special skills and expenses, at first you can make a small flower or a bouquet of forget-me-nots. Do you want a complex object at once? Then study the training video of different authors. Because every master has its own subtleties and cunning, which can only be shared on video training.
Like any needlework, beadwork forBeginners, especially in the initial stages, requires increased attention and concentration. If something does not work the first time, analyze all the stages of the work, starting with the selection of beads and the stem, and understand what your mistake is. Then laborious work will pay off many times.
If you firmly decided to weave yourself a beautifulTrinket from beads, then start with the schemes for beginners and select a large beads. Having mastered the basics of weaving from beads, you can use smaller beads. Do not take immediately into the work of voluminous products, they require perseverance and large time costs. There is a danger not to finish the job or perform with errors.
How to choose the right material andTo learn to see all its features? First of all, the type of finished work depends on the quality of the material. Therefore, if you see irregularities on the wire or beads, foreign inclusions and burrs, then refuse such material, so that it does not fail you.
Beads choose according to shape, color and size exactlySuch as specified in the description of the scheme, otherwise there may be a slightly different result than you expect. Look visually a jar or a bag with beads so that it does not have debris and defective beads. If you buy Chinese beads, be prepared for the fact that it will have to be sorted before weaving, as it is often different. Although he is the most inexpensive. Choosing Czech or Japanese beads, you will find more even beads, with the same holes and better quality. But its price will be an order of magnitude higher. The size of the beads is determined by the number - the larger the number, the smaller the beads.
Often together with beads used bugles- Beads in the form of a tube with an oblique or straight cut. Select it should also be based on recommendations. To shade the beauty of small beads use beads of a larger size. They are weaved into the composition according to the scheme.
Thread and wire
Depending on the technique of beading you alsoNeed a thread or wire. Wire is recommended for masters only beginning their way in the country of beads, it easily keeps the shape and allows you to model the outlines of the finished elements. The thread or line is of different thickness and color, just like a wire, the use of a thread necessarily involves the purchase of a needle for beads. The thickness of the line and wire depends on the size of the beads. And the length of the needle is selected by numbers, the most common size of the needle - № 12.
Basic techniques of weaving with beads
There are many different methods of weaving the warp with beads. But there are several, the most commonly used techniques of beading. It will be useful to consider them, especially for the beginners.
Mosaic technique Mosaic weaving is performedAccording to the scheme, as can be seen in the figure. First, the required number of beads is typed into the thread, in the figure there are 7. Then turn the needle in the opposite direction and let it pass through the 3rd bead from the end (Fig. 1).
The bead is threaded onto the thread and the needle is now passed through the 5th bead from the end. In the same way weave is performed before the end of the series (Fig. 2).
The subsequent series are performed by analogy with the second series (Fig. 3). If according to the scheme there is a need to increase the length of the row, then an additional number of beads is collected and the weaving continues.
Video: Technique of mosaic beading
Brick technique An alternative to mosaic weaving is a brick technique, reminiscent of the appearance of the mosaic canvas, but very different in the method of fastening the beads.
The basis of brick technique is the first row, which can be weaved by different methods. Row-ladder can be fastened with a thread and two needles, as shown in Figure 1. Or use a thread and one needle (Fig. 2).
Fig. 2 A chain in a mosaic technique can be used as a base (Fig. 3).
Fig. 3After weaving the base row or chain, go to the main weave. Expand the base so that the thread is emerging from the top of the last bead. String 2 beads on the thread and thread it under the upper thread between the last two beads.
Fig. 4Then the thread is threaded in the opposite direction to the last added bead (Fig. 5).
Fig. 5Another bead is selected, the thread is again threaded under the upper loop between adjacent beads, as shown in the picture (Figure 6). So continue to the end of the series.
Fig. 6The next series begins as well as the second, with two beads. It is woven in the same way as the previous row (Fig. 7).
Video: Brick beading technique
Master class on beading for beginners
We will weave from the beads a small butterfly,Using one of the simplest techniques - the technique of parallel weaving. This method involves threading the ends of the wire through the recessed beads of a new row towards each other.
The technique of parallel beadworking Now, when there is knowledge of the choice of all components of bead products, you can start creating the first craft.
We choose a scheme for beading. We offer for the first time to make a picturesque and simple butterfly. To produce it, you need a large beads of three colors, a wire and three beads for the head and mustache.
In the photo it is good to consider how to weave this bead from beads.
The diagram shows the location of the beads and the direction of the weaving. You can pick up other colors of the beads, and not just the one you see in the butterfly photo.
The first stage of weaving will be the production of a trunk with a head. It will take 11 beads and three beads: one large and two medium sized.
Then large wings are woven. For them, several pieces of wire are needed, the ends of which are refilled in the course of work on the wrong side.
In the last turn, small wings. The diagram shows the places where the parts are fastened together.
Arrange such beauty in the picture of beads, andCan be used as a brooch. Using this lesson, you can create a collection of colorful butterflies-beauties and give their master classes on their making. After you succeed in simple products, go to more complex lessons. Unlike weaving with beads for beginners, great work will require more attention. To select a new object, view the patterns of beading, photo and video on the directions of interest to you.
Beadwork is not just an orderInterlacing of threads and wire, but also an interesting creative process. You can, by applying your skills and abilities, come up with a completely new object. Make your contribution to the collection of ideas of weaving from beads, you can place your lessons on the network on special websites. Share your thoughts with beginner needlewomen. You can write an article about the difficulties that experienced in the early development of beadwork. This will help someone to weave their first works. In the process of weaving of beads, take a photo and shoot on the video (depending on your abilities and desire), so as to stage in a step-by-step about your whole process.