Looking at small, bright colored piecesglass, it's hard to believe that the history of beads and beadwork is several centuries old. He got his name from the Arabic word "bucer", which can be translated as "false pearl". Its history is inseparably linked with the history of glass making. The first evidence of the creation of glass products is attributed to the IV millennium BC. e. Approximately this period dated beads from malachite glass with alkali, which were found in the archeological excavations of the Middle East and Egypt. At about the same time, glass production in China is developing. But the beginning of the history of beads will come only in the I millennium BC. e., with the advent of the glass-blowing tube. Ancient masters added to the glass mass a certain amount of manganese, cobalt, copper and other metals and received glass in a variety of shades, purple, blue, green. Modern equipment allows you to obtain beads of these and many other colors and shades, from transparent to matte, with the metallic effect and the "cat's eye," different texture and gloss. Despite the apparent simplicity, the beads provide absolute freedom for creativity. From it create stunning paintings, toys, chic flowers, miniature bonsai and, of course, jewelry. That's where the real space for the imagination of needlewomen. Among lovers of beautiful and high-quality jewelry, bracelets are very popular. This decoration belongs to the category of unisex, the original beaded bracelet can be presented to relatives, both boys and girls, and looking at detailed schemes and master classes of this article, even a beginner in beading can weave it. Before you start any work, you should read the general rules and recommendations. When weaving with beads - it is primarily the choice of the material on which beads, crystals and beads are stringed. The most suitable option for work is a thin line. It is much stronger than threads, and for stringing beads on a fishing line you will not need a needle. If you can not do without needles, for example, beads thread on a nylon or silicone thread that stretch, then you should choose a very thin and short needle. With fasteners for bracelets, everything is very simple, a huge variety of shapes and sizes are sold in shops with fittings for needlework. Still it will be necessary to store storage beads during operation, roomy and with small sides so that the beads do not roll out. You can also buy it in a store or use, for example, a lid from a can. And finally the beads themselves. It can be of completely different sizes, with several holes, round, oval, square or triangular. Still there is a felling - short sticks, and bugles - long. There is no need to be limited to one color of the beads or a certain width of the bracelet. Let the imagination tell you what your decoration should be exactly. For beginners it is better to always take beads with a stock, and each time for a new product take a new portion. One of the simplest bracelets is played according to the "cross" pattern. This is the perfect start for those who are just learning how to weave.
The next bracelet will also be easy to make, it is perfect for training beginners. It will be necessary to have beads of two shades, one for the petals, and the second for the flower hearts. If desired, you can make each flower of a different color. To create a single flower:
The next bracelet will be in force for those who have already practiced a little in the weave. The bracelet-tourniquet is perfectly stretched, so that even a fastener can not be used to carry it. Below is a diagram and a master class on weaving a multi-colored bundle. For training, you can try to create a tourniquet from one shade of beads.
Master class for weaving bracelet harness in black and red. It will take:
- Crystals 4 mm red and black;
- Beads 11/0 gold and black;
- Beads 8/0 gold color;
- The line;
To string on a fishing line 4 gold beads 8/0 (a basisspiral), 1 piece each. both colors 11/0, 1 black crystal and again 2 pcs. 11/0 (symmetrical with respect to the first two). The work will go from left to right. This is for a black spiral. Pass the right end of the line through 4 gold beads 8/0, add 2 pcs. 11/0, 1 red crystal and again 2 pcs. 11/0. This is for the red spiral. Pass the right end of the line (on it redcrystalline) through the base of the spiral. The coil of the black spiral begins again. Dial 1 bead of the main row 8/0 (blue arrow), then, as usual 2 pieces. 11/0, 1 black crystal, 2 pcs. 11/0 (symmetrically).
- The bracelet is padded through 4 beads of the base 8/0,so after the second black turn, the line should not be passed through 4, but after 3, starting with the second bead of the base (red arrow), it is also necessary to separate the red rows from the black ones, we must move the red crystal so that the black crystal is located next to the black .
The right end of the line to pass through the 2 nd, 3 rd andthe fourth beads of the stem (a blue arrow indicates that it is necessary to pass the fishing line through the bead of the base, which was added in the previous paragraph). The weaving is shifted to the side and a spiral flagellum is formed from the beads. Important! The bead base can only be added when a black spiral turns. Dial on the line 2 pcs. 11/0, a red crystal, and again 2 pcs. 11/0. Pass the right edge of the line through 4 beads of the base (1st, the left most missed). The crystal should be moved so that it is located near the first reddish crystal. Repeat, alternating between black and red turns so muchtimes, how much is needed for the desired size of the bracelet. To finish the flagellum you need to string 7 pcs. 11/0 and pass them through 2 beads of the base (indicated by a red arrow). String 1 pc. 11/0, 1 black crystal and 1 more. 11/0. Pass through the most extreme bead base (red arrow). Repeat with both edges of the bracelet. So they will look more accurate. It remains to attach the fasteners and the bracelet is ready. No less beautiful it looks, made of pearls of pastel shades. Very cute will look like a bracelet with a name. Such an ornament will be a wonderful gift to a loved one. This bracelet is played according to the scheme "bricks" andeven beginners will be able to do it. In the "brick" technique, you can weave not only a name bracelet, you can create products of any thickness and with any pattern. Such bracelets will be strong enough, and remind a strap. Before we begin to braid the name of the bracelet, we need to draw a diagram of the future bracelet on a sheet in the cell, where you can fill out the little beads for the name with a different color or simply select it. .
There is a kind of beads calledTwin Room. He has 2 holes in each bead. In combination with conventional beads, very original ornaments are obtained. Below is a simple master class on creating a beautiful beaded bracelet. Required:
- Twin beads (with two holes);
- Beads are ordinary;
- Needle with thread (can be replaced with a fishing line);
- The lock;
To thread four beads of tween on a working thread and tie a double knot stronger. Pass the second hole of the extreme bead thread. String ordinary bead, 1 bead tween and another ordinary bead. Pass the work thread into the next bead of the first row. Repeat 3 more times. When the second row of the bracelet is completed, thread not to the next bead tween, as in the first row, but in the same. Repeat until the bracelet reaches the desired length. To close the nodules at the ends, attach cones and fasteners. Here are some more simple and beautiful schemes of bracelets with beads of Twin.