Learning to embroider pillows: main types and patterns of embroidery Most modern people are trying to create in their home an atmosphere of warmth and comfort. In many cities there are shops selling various decor items. Despite their attractive appearance, not all of them have the appropriate energy. In this regard, products made by hand are more preferable. They not only reflect the sense of the home-keeper's style, but are also filled with her positive energy. Hardly the oldest female needlework is embroidery. She was decorated with towels, elements of clothing, bed linen, incl. pillows. Hand embroidery is quite a painstaking affair,so for its development you will need to spend some of your personal time and make an effort. For beginners skilful, and those who are limited in time, ready-made embroidery kits will be a good help. In them, in addition to the preparation of the pillow (the lower and the front part), there are threads, schemes, a needle. In addition, you will need scissors and hoop. We embroider a pillow with a cross. Embroidery with a cross has gained popularity because of its simplicity. This technique, at first glance, does not represent anything extraordinary - only two crossed stitches, but the finished works look like real masterpieces. For such embroidery, no special materials or tools are required. For a basis choose almost any kind of a fabric, only whenever possible with appreciable interlacings in the form of cells. Such can be recognized as cotton, tapestry fabric, special canvas, flax and coarse calico. Before you start, you need to take a stuffed pillow. You can pre-sew a pillowcase and then go directly to the embroidery, but we advise you to do the opposite. Selling ready-made sets very often containfabric "stramin", which is very dense and elastic, with large cells of interlacing. For this fabric, the threads are chosen thick, similar to those used in knitting. One of the drawbacks of such sets is the too large crosses. For a more elegant and delicate work, it is better to embark on a pillow with a picture. From the edges of the canvas, try to leave about 2-3 centimeters of the allowance, since this part will then be sewn to the back. Select threads at your own discretion, almost any fit. We advise you to make embroidery not in one thread, so that the picture is not dull. The use of woolen threads will make the pillowmore practical, because this kind of threads is not whimsical. At the end of the embroidery, the back of the canvas should be cut to the size of the front. Sideways or a secondhand can be sewn a zipper, so that it was possible to wash the pillowcase. Although, as a rule, the pillowcase is stitched from 3 sides, after which it is washed and ironed. Put a pillow into the pillowcase and lightly sew it on the fourth side. If necessary, you can dissolve the seam and wash it if necessary. We embroider a pillow with ribbons. At first glance, this technique seems to be very difficult for beginner needlewomen, especially when they look at the unusual beauty of such products. Nevertheless, it's worth only a little training, and you will not notice how this technique will become as simple for you as ordinary embroidery. For embroidery ribbons you will need the samethe most tools and materials: thread (ribbons), needle, embroidery frame, mesh type of fabric. Pay special attention to the choice of tape, or rather its size. Typically, the wizards use ribbons from 4 millimeters, but you should make sure whether they pass into the tissue cells and the needle's eye. Working with ribbons from the atlas, you should use a sharp needle with an oblong ear. In the eye of the needle, the tapes should be placed completely, without twists, while the needle itself should not be pinched during piercing. Likewise, with how we tie a knot with ordinary sewing, just do it on the tip of the ribbons. By and large, between the ribbons and threads you can put an equal sign, which means that they embroider or similarly - with a stitch, a needle, a stalk seam, etc. But there are also special stitches for tapes: a hemisphere with an attachment, tambour stitches, an elongated stitch, a loop in a circle, a loop with a fastener at the top, a forward needle, etc. With the help of such seams it is convenient to carry out all kinds of voluminous figures of insects, animals, birds, flowers. Take into account that embroidery with ribbons should be decorated pillows, which serve as decor, and not used for sleep. Embroidery with ribbons is very attractive, but this pillow is easy to damage, and thanks to the volume elements lie on it is not too comfortable. Fans should experiment not only with conventional types of fabrics, but also interesting ones like silk, velvet or denim. On these textures, embroidery with ribbons looks very elegant and charming. Simple and elegant carpet embroidery of pillows. The essence of carpet embroidery is the use of a special needle, helping to create pile, identical to carpet, different in length. To calculate the length, a simple formula is used: the distance from the diagonal cut to the plastic handle is divided in two, for example, when one centimeter of pile is required, it is necessary to extend the needle by two centimeters. The standard way to thread almostit is impossible because of its large thickness, so we use a special thread-weave. When piercing the tissue, try to stick the needle to the very end, while inserting it obliquely to the left. Carefully pulling out the needle, after 1-2 millimeters another hole is made. The main thing is not to take the needle too high inthe time of reverse movements, as this can lead to unequal length of the pile, and sometimes to the entire embroidering. To create an elegant and attractive design, you should take advantage of a number of practical tips. Before the beginning of work put on a fabric contours of your embroidery (by means of a pencil or a special felt-tip pen). First, embroider the edge of the entire contour, as if tracing it. Thanks to this you will not be mistaken afterwards and will not mistake the colors. After "obvodeniya" go to its "filling" from right to left with a stitch of the appropriate color. When you have finished embroidering the picture, proceed to the background. Despite the fact that there is no contour here, the filling technique remains the same. Cloth from linen is an excellent basis for embroidering a pillow with the help of carpet technique, because for her the presence of visible plexuses is not important. Pillows made in carpet technology are great for using them for their intended purpose, and due to their "double" softness, they will especially appeal to the kids. We embroider a pillow beads. This technique will require you to be very attentive, diligent and diligent. For those who are not yet very confident in embroidery with beads, it is worth using mixed technique: to embroider a pillow with a cross, and then to put a number of elegant strokes with beads. The choice of fabric for bead technology is determined by the type of canvas. The needle should be selected with small ears and do not forget to check that the smallest beads are worn on them. All beads are sewn in color with a stitchcalled "half-cross". This type of stitch is light enough and it is able even novice craftsmen, but the main thing is exactly to sew beads. As a rule, beaded technique is used in conjunction with embroidery ribbons, smooth, cross stitch. But you can try to embroider the pillow only with beads. To this end, you need to use a special scheme to help prevent errors in calculating the number of beads. Try to choose beads about the same size and quality, which will contribute to a much more attractive embroidery. We introduced you to several techniques of embroidering pillows. The choice is yours!