Elastomeric thread: selection of materials for beading (photo)
- Elastomeric thread
- Application of an elastomeric thread in beadwork
- Other materials for beadwork
- How to choose a wire
- Application of the line and thread
- Video: Wire and bead for beadwork
Beading is one of the most popularNeedlework for today. And all because he can master even schoolgirls. What can we say about adults? But in itself beads and beads do not hold. They string on threads, line and wire. Each of these materials has its pros and cons. Knowing them, you can easily find the right option for each job. Recently, an increasingly popular elastomer thread. But what are its advantages over others? When is it best to use it, and when not?
First of all, it's worth understanding what kind of material it is. The elastomeric thread was first synthesized in 1958 in the USA. After 4 years, it was obtained in Europe, and then in Japan. It is made on the basis of polyurethane rubbers using various technologies. For today, the elastic thread (this is another name) is used everywhere under different brands. The most famous of them are spandex, lycra, elaspan and others.
But why is such popularity so good for her? First of all, unique properties. It is strong enough, it stretches well. In addition, spandex can be painted in different colors. In the mid-70's, the peak of popularity of fabrics woven from elastomeric threads came. And all thanks to rock musicians, who began to appear on stage in tight suits and leggings. After them they began to be worn by ordinary people in everyday life. Today synthetic fabrics, including spandex, have lost their former popularity.
Application of an elastomeric thread in beadwork
The elastomeric yarn is still produced inLarge volumes, since it has a mass of other applications. One of them is weaving with beads. Although, strictly speaking, it is rarely used in this capacity. Basically, spandex is used for weaving various ornaments from large and medium beads. This, first of all, bracelets and necklaces without fastening. Thanks to the elasticity and strength of this thread, they are not only easy to remove and wear, but they are also durable.
Usually beginner needlewomen preferBuy ready-made sets for beading, which already includes everything you need. True, they usually do not include elastic thread. But it's not scary. It is easy to buy in handicraft shops. On sale usually there are bobbins in the size of 18 and 100 m. The thickness of the thread is 1 mm. But the color scale is so extensive that you can choose a spandex for almost any beads. However, the manufacturer's brand does not play a special role. The Russian elastic thread of the Gamma brand is popular with needlewomen.
Similar properties have a silicone thread. Therefore, the field of application of both materials is the same. They differ only in the raw material for manufacturing and, of course, at the price. Therefore, it makes no sense to talk about it separately. Moreover, with similar qualities, the silicone thread costs an order of magnitude more. It is for this reason that it is very rarely included in a set for weaving of beads.
Other materials for beadwork
Despite the fact that the elastic thread has a lot ofAdvantages in comparison with other similar materials, its ubiquitous use in beadwork is impossible. Basically, this is due to the thickness and excessive "stringency", which in some cases turns from dignity into a flaw. Therefore, in beadwork for the production of volumetric figures more often use a thin wire than spandex. Ornaments, such as brooches and earrings, are created with the help of fishing line and thread.
But, only having learned to select them correctly,You can create small masterpieces in your own hands. For beginner needlewomen to simplify their task, it is easier to buy a ready-made set for beadwork. Even if it does not include wire or line, the description will already indicate all the recommendations for selection. Those who decided to choose them on their own should listen to the advice of more experienced needlewomen.
How to choose a wire
To facilitate your choice of material, it is importantUnderstand for making what will be used wire for beadwork. Most often it is taken to further weave three-dimensional or flat figures, trees, flowers, less often ornaments and other articles made of beads. You can even buy a whole wire set for beadwork, where there will already be several different kinds of this material.
Due to the fact that the wire, on the one hand,Easily takes the desired form, and on the other - it holds well, it is just perfect for weaving of beads of three-dimensional figures, flowers and trees. True, she also has one significant drawback. Since a very thin wire is used for beading, it can easily break. Therefore, it is recommended during the needlework to once again not bend and take exactly as much as indicated in the master class or instruction that is put into any set for creativity.
Bead Twig on a 0.2mm WireBeadwork is used in different thicknesses - from 0.2 to 1 mm. The thinnest of all (0.2 mm) is usually taken for making jewelry and bead trees. So, with its use it's easy to create bent branches of willow, birch and some others. It turns out very realistic, as in a photo of wildlife. If it is necessary for the tree to hold the mold well, a thicker wire is already used - 0.3 and 0.6 mm thick. Also it is used for weaving beads of animals, toys and flowers. And the thickest wire (thickness - 1 mm) is usually used to strengthen tree trunks or flower stems. True, the latter is rarely included in the set for weaving from beads.
Many experienced needlewomen take the wire "onEye "or check whether it is suitable as follows: folds the existing wire 6 times. If it easily passes through a bead, it is taken for weaving. Those who do only the first steps, it is easier to buy a ready-made set for weaving of beads, where everything will be already necessary.
In addition to the different thicknesses, the wire forBeadwork is still different in color, length in the reels and the raw material. So, if an iron-based alloy is used to make it, it will be harder, which means it will be better to keep the shape. Usually such a wire does not have a luster and is attracted to a magnet. But the one that is made on the basis of alloys from non-ferrous metals (copper, aluminum, etc.), on the contrary, glitters well, is softer and well bends. Knowing these properties of the wire, it is easy to choose it for making bubble trinkets, even if it is not included in the beadwork kit, and the instruction is lost.
I would like to note that when buying coilsShould always be taken with a margin. As practice shows, wire for beadwork in them is somewhat shorter than indicated on the packaging. So, in a coil with a specified length of 50 m in reality there may be 49 or even 48! And the longer it is, the greater will be the error (for some reason, always in the smaller direction). But in the set for beadwork, on the contrary, always put a wire with a margin.
And finally, I would like to note one moreThe cunning of experienced needlewomen. To save money, they buy wire for beading not in specialized stores, but in construction. True, you need to have some skill working with it, so that you can determine the thickness by touch or by eye. Surprisingly, it is no different from what is included in the beadwork set.
Application of the line and thread
Threads and fishing line for beadwork are just as important,As spandex and wire. Although their use is very limited due to their intrinsic properties. Usually both that and another use for manufacturing of costume jewelery and an insertion of beaded toys. But what is the difference between things made with thread and line? Why do different sets for beadwork include one material, then another?
Air necklace from beads on a fishing lineStretchReady-made three-dimensional figures of beads are made in order to keep the shape. It is very important that threads or a fishing line for beads were almost invisible. In addition, it is necessary that the structure is strong. Therefore, they prefer to sew with a transparent fishing line more often. Much less often use kapron colored thread for beading. In the set for creativity, the manufacturer does include only the line.
For costume jewelry, which is often worn, usually alsoRecommend using a fishing line. This material is more wear-resistant, which means it is unlikely that such an ornament will easily tear. Usually a fishing line is recommended in the same way as spandex, for making bracelets, necklaces and earrings. It, like the elastic thread, has a great safety margin and can be used for weaving without needles.
But for brooches and pins equally canUse any of the above materials. It depends more on the preferences of the needlewoman herself and the weaving technique used. Therefore, manufacturers often in such sets for beadwork put only the beads, needle and some other accessories.
A set for beading? The one who just opensFor yourself this kind of needlework, it is better to buy a ready-made set for beadwork. It already, as a rule, has everything you need. If you liked the photo of the work, you can and should take advantage of recommendations from the master class, as well as sellers in the store. No matter how good the material is, if it is not suitable for this product, it is unlikely, it will turn out, as in the photo.
Experienced needlewomen always have differentMaterials (wire, fishing line, spandex, and so on) and try, from which it is better to weave a conceived thing. Only after that they will buy, if required, what they liked about the case. They already, of course, do not need to buy a ready-made set for beadwork. Only if he just liked it.
Video: Wire and bead for beadwork