- Tapestry embroidery
- Technique of tapestry embroidery, tapestry seam
- Making tapestries with the effect of 3D
- Video: how to embroider tapestry with your own hands
- Russian tapestries
- Video: tapestry embroidery of paintings
Any of us can easily give a concreteA definition of what a tapestry and embroidery tapestry. Everyone knows that this is a kind of art, a special embroidery, which makes it possible to make magnificent tapestry paintings. The terminology that defines this art varies according to the region of our planet. But for certain it is known that the ancestors of the tapestry title were French, brothers with a similar name Tapestry. This story goes back to the 17th century, when the French carpet factory was founded in France by the Tapestry brothers. These carpets were special, not similar to any others. They had an original technique of execution and plot images. That's when these inimitable carpets began to be called tapestries.
Tapestry paintings are very much appreciated, soHow embroidery tapestries required a huge expenditure of labor, time and the highest skill, which was owned by only a few masters. Not surprisingly, few could afford the acquisition of such a picture. But times have changed, and now it's much easier to make such a picture, therefore, tapestry paintings and carpets have become more accessible.
The real possibility was alsoTapestry embroidery with their own hands, even for beginner embroiderers. At the same time, the fashion for these magnificent products has only increased in our time, embroidery of paintings and carpets has become popular. Many craftsmen are trying to master the technique of embroidery tapestries. Modern technology allows you to embroider tapestry paintings in a way that perfectly imitates the old vintage style of intertwined threads, but it is very simple and fast. Everyone who has some idea of what it means to embroider with a cross can embroider a tapestry with their own hands. The embroidery of tapestries is done by a seam called "tapestry". As a result of introducing this seam in the embroidery technique of tapestries, anyone can learn how to embroider tapestry paintings with their own hands.
It must also be added that this seam, very similarOn the semicircle, otshivaetsya much faster than the seam cross. The final result may even benefit from better detail. For those who want to start embroidering a tapestry with their own hands, we inform that nothing is impossible. We advise you to purchase a special set for tapestry embroidery. Such sets are commercially available in a wide range. You just have to pick a story for your taste. As you can see, this is very simple, and the pictures embroidered by you will please your friends, relatives and friends.
Technique of tapestry embroidery, tapestry seam
Tapestry stitchWe learn how to embroider tapestrySeam (petit-point), which is not difficult at all. The front part of this stitch does not differ from the seam of the semicircle. The difference can be seen only from the inside of the embroidery. There you can see that the stitch goes obliquely. Beginning to embroider, it's easy to make a conclusion about improving the tension of the front part of the stitch. As a result, all embroidery is more compact and more quality.
The embroidery of tapestries can be done with the necessary materials and tools.
- Thread, needle, scissors;
- Scheme for embroidery;
- Special canvas.
Choose the right thread, which is very easy to do. Any embroideress can use threads from her own stocks. Tapestry paintings do not require special threads, but require a special canvas. Embroidering a tapestry seam, it is necessary to use a very shallow canvas, which will allow you to cover it with threads in whole, without gaps and holes. It is from the right choice of canvas that the sewing quality depends, and the embroidery will be exactly as it should be. It will be a real tapestry, beautiful and even gorgeous. Recommended types of canvas:
In order to make our lesson maximallyUseful, it is also necessary to understand the term "stramin". This is also a canvas, but tough. It is necessary to embroider a tapestry or carpet. Stramin is a very dense canvas, which is used for needlework. It has a special kind of weaving and is processed in a special way. Stramine contains fibers that are very resistant to rupture.
We can only conclude that the Tapestry and its embroidery is a very accessible kind of needlework that brings beauty to our home and the joy of those who are engaged in this handicraft.
Making tapestries with the effect of 3D
Have you ever seen a tapestry with a 3D effect,Or as it is called, voluminous? But such tapestries are already weaving, or embroider. This volume can be seen without special glasses. But to get this effect, the author should be very clever, with a rich imagination and a margin of patience. Before tackling the needle, the master must work with the pencil. The usual simple pencil artist paints a sketch of the future drawing. There are no restrictions here. Embroider you can do anything. Different fragments of the picture are shaded from light gray tones, to black ones. The intensity of the color depends on the height of the future loops, which will create a unique volume on the canvas. Recently, among those who are engaged in this arts and crafts, it is fashionable to encrypt the initials of the person to whom this picture is intended.
You can encode two or three lettersInitials in the way that fantasy tells you. There are no restrictions, everything depends on you. The shape of the letters, outlines and arrangement should be chosen according to your taste, as you like. Letters can be placed side by side, in corners, or even overlap. After the accents are placed, the drawing is laid aside. Now you can proceed to the very embroidery. It is necessary to have:
The process of embroidery
Yarn can be any. Its composition does not matter. And what's more, the higher the percentage of synthetics, the longer this carpet will please its owners, and indeed the mole will not be happy with such a treat. Only the degree of hairiness of the thread should be considered. The more it is, the more likely that the thread will go badly through the canvas, stuck at the entrance and clinging to the edge of the needle. The kanva should be stretched on the stretcher as much as the skin on the drum. There should not be any sagging. From the wrong side, it will also be the working surface. A black marker or pen is applied to a drawing. Then choose the right color of the yarn and load it into the needle. The tip of the yarn is pointed and brought to the hole of the needle. We thread the thread in the needle, using the thread-nigger. We hook the thread, and drag it through the eye. A few centimeters are dragged forward. But the yarn is now outside the needle, but should be inside. To make it there, the thread must be pulled a little back. Centuries of filament released from the tip will fall inside the metal rod.
The technique of obtaining loops in a gobelinEmbroideryFinally we perform the first puncture of the canvas with a needle. With a small depression of the needle, pierce the canvas to the stop, then lift the needle. As soon as its point is shown, we retreat a few millimeters from the previous puncture, and again we pass through the canvas. As a result of these actions, a loop formed on the front side of the work. Masters are advised to start work from the edge, gradually moving towards the center of the embroidery. In order to increase the loop, it is enough to rearrange the latch using holes on the metal needle bar. When the fragment is woven, the threads are cut off, leaving about one centimeter on the inside of the work in reserve. Then the subframe is turned over to the face, and the threads are pulled up where they see fit. And those threads that are too protruding forward, gently inward. Performing these actions, we illuminate ourselves with a flashlight to better see the threads. When all the canvas is filled with loops, the wrong side is greased with glue to fix the stitches. It remains only to decorate the carpet and hang it on the wall.
Video: how to embroider tapestry with your own hands
Deepening into history, you begin to understand,How ancient is the art of producing tapestries. Found artifacts, determined by scientists, like the Egyptian, are about three thousand years old. These are woven linen cloths with ornaments, patterns, and even plots that resemble a modern tapestry in appearance. In Europe, before the creation of the tapestry brothers by their production of wall carpets, they were called trellises. With the founding of the Tapestry factory, the latest achievements in technology and the division of labor began to be introduced. Brothers Tapestry managed to make high work efficiency, and tapestries became available to wider sections of the population. With the development of the manufaktura, manual labor was replaced by a machine, weaving machines for the production of tapestries (tapestries) appeared.
In Russia, nothing was known about tapestries until the 18th century(Before the time of Peter the Great 1). The word "tapestry" quickly came into use, replacing the former name (tapestry), which remained in use in the form of a historical term. Then in the city of St. Petersburg the first tapestry factory was founded. And before that, in the 17th century, the Russian Tsar was presented with the first tapestry, which was a carpet with a woven plot image. So, some French grandees who brought a magnificent carpet to the king, were the ancestors of the appearance of tapestries in Russia.
The embroidery of tapestries became popular in Russia veryfast. But at first Russian tapestries could only be acquired by rich people. They decorated the royal palaces and estates of the nobles. It was very fashionable to decorate the walls, hanging embroidered portraits of high-ranking officials of the royal blood. It could be a hand embroidery, as the sizes of portraits are small, and it was not difficult. The craftsmen began to master the embroidery of tapestries, so as to profitably sell their work.
The first manufactory where Russian embroideredTapestries, were opened in Russia with the help of French masters. The popularity of these products was very high until the end of the 18th century, and then embroidery gradually began to go out of fashion. At the same time, the popularity of embroidered portraits and paintings began to fall. Russian tapestries, like any other embroidery, have somewhat lost their relevance. But recently there has been a return of this splendor to our interior, the demand for tapestry paintings is growing. Their splendor today has become accessible to everyone, because production is put on stream. Russian tapestries are made by machine, on looms, while embroidery does not lose its beauty and aesthetic qualities. Today it became urgent to purchase tapestry sets. Russian tapestries, plots and ornaments of which are a reflection of folk themes and motifs, go on sale as sets. The composition of these sets includes panels of different sizes, as well as pillowcases. In many cities of Russia there are factories producing various textiles, Russian tapestries are also included in the range of their products.
As a striking example, you can bring StudioTextile Design of the city of Ivanovo. Here they are engaged in the production and sale of tapestries. This company exists and successfully works for 20 years already. Work in the studio real professionals and craftsmen of their craft. The range of services they provide covers all stages of the work on the manufacture of tapestries, from design and production to home delivery from the city of Ivanovo. Drawings are designed for different types of tapestry fabrics: furniture, bed, drapery and decorative. The assortment includes:
- A panel;
- Pillow cases;
- Cosmetic bags and much more.
In the Ivanovo textile company there are different specialists: artists. Designers, desinators and technologists. Russian tapestries, as you have already noticed, are in professional and skillful hands.