- Preparation for the embroidery process
- Transfer pattern on fabric
- Learning to embroider
- Video: embroidery with a plain monogram
- Technique of sewing stitches in embroidery stitch
- What is the smooth surface
- Video: master class on embroidery stitch
A peculiar ritual is the preparationMasters embroidery, to the embroidery process. This is both troublesome and very exciting. To create a favorable working atmosphere, everything matters. The choice of fabric, needles, threads, organization of the workplace - all contribute to a pleasant and enthusiastic process of embroidery. And even psychologists often recommend
As a hobby to people who daily face stressful situations. After all, this process has soothing properties.
Preparation for the embroidery process
Any process of embroidery with a smooth start with selectionMaterials. And, especially carefully it is necessary to approach this issue, if you are from beginner embroiderers. It is not superfluous to first learn the lessons for beginners, see the master class of embroidery. And it is better not to be alone. For someone it will be convenient to study books, and someone prefer the video format. On the Internet, and not only, a huge amount of information. It is enough to drive into the search program: "Lessons on the topic: embroidery for beginners". Many periodicals include lessons in a printed format, and some of them are equipped with disks for those who understand the video format more clearly.
The next step is the selection of accessories. The most important tool for any embroiderer, no matter what technique of embroidery is smooth to her liking, is a needle. To properly choose a needle, you need to remember that here your choice directly depends on the fabric and threads, and also the selected patterns or patterns must be taken into account. The thinner your needles, the more careful the work will look when finished. In the process of embroidery, it is possible to use hoops or frames, this is to whom it is convenient. On the frame, the work is stretched completely and removed after the end of the embroidery. The hoop often has to be rearranged, but they provide greater fabric tension and maneuverability during operation, and this is of great importance for embroideries especially for beginners.
The fabric is selected according to the quality of the yarnsAnd the desired result. If you are embroidering a cotton mulina with a smooth cloth, then it is better to choose cotton fabrics, and if you want to use silk threads, pay attention to the thin batiste.
In addition to all of the above you can not doWithout small scissors with thin tips, a thimble and copying paper. Although the latter you will need only if you decide to transfer your drawings to the fabric using it.
It would be nice to have a book containing lessons on embroidery for beginners to be able to peep in when there is some complicated case.
For beginners, it is better to take a simple cloth and cotton floss. Since at the very beginning we are learning how to just fill in the stitches correctly.
Transfer pattern on fabric
There are several options for creating a picture on the fabric. You can just draw it with a pencil. And you can even paint a watercolor painting using partial stitching with a smooth surface. This technique of embroidery is smooth, it makes it easy to create completely unique drawings. Especially if you are good at drawing. You can use a banal copy. To do this, put it on top of the fabric, and on top of the drawing you want to embroider and cut all the layers with pins to prevent them from moving. Now just circle all available patterns along the path and parse the created design.
Another option is to transfer the schema forEmbroidery on the fabric using glass. Under the glass is put a lamp, and on top lies the picture and covered with a cloth. Then, a pattern is drawn around the contour, which appears through the tissue. Draw better with a pencil or water-soluble marker. To begin with, choose patterns that contain simple drawings or patterns. Better small size. To the very beginning of the acquaintance with the embroidery the smoothness does not get tired once and for all from the embroidering process.
Learning to embroider
In today's world, there are many sources,Offering us not one master class on embroidery with a smooth surface, both in printed format and in the video version. Beginners in embroidery with smoothness should pay their attention first to patterns that represent letters or small flowers and twigs.
Organize your workplace, turn on videoOr open a book containing a master class that describes the embroidery technique that you have chosen and smooth it and try to embroider your first small drawing.
Double-sided smooth surface without flooringMulina, folding it before this twice. The first two stitches are performed along the contour. Then start gradually filling with the smoothness of all available space, stacking stitches when embroidering in parallel one to one. Use the "forward needle" technique. When the embroidery is finished with a smooth surface, the space must be filled both from the front and from the wrong side. Immediately learn to create a beautiful underside. It should not have any nodules at all. The described technique is called a two-sided smooth surface without a deck. In the beginning it is necessary to achieve perfectly stitched stitches on small elements. Therefore, before you go in embroidery smoothly to multi-color plot scenes, practice
Or small floral motifs.
Video: embroidery with a plain monogram
Technique of sewing stitches in embroidery stitch
Stitch "forward needle" Stitch from whichIt is necessary to begin your acquaintance with embroidery with a smooth surface called "forward needle". We fix the thread on the contour and create a stitch 2-3 mm in size. We retreat 2mm and repeat the stitch again. Thus, we perform the contour.
Then, using the dashed stitch, the smoothnessAll space is filled. It is performed as follows. Make a stitch no longer than 7mm, and then repeat it in the opposite direction, stepping back slightly from the edge of the stitch. The technique of filling the surface can be different. You can stack stitches on our, for example, flowers or letters, vertically, horizontally and even in an oblique direction. The last variant of laying looks in the finished work smoothly most interesting.
The technique of this embroidery with a smooth surface implies the use of some more stitches.
The technique of making straight stitches. Straight stitch -The simplest and at the same time the oldest of all existing in the work surface. Can also be performed in any direction. It can be used to designate a contour, to fill the inside and as it is by itself. To do this, let's designate two points on the fabric conditionally. In the first, we bring up the needle from the bottom with the thread already fixed, and then we introduce it into the second imaginary point. This will be the finished stitch. The most important thing in embroidery is the smoothness, to learn how to make these stitches the same length, and also to make sure that the thread is not strongly stretched, then the embroidered designs will look just perfect.
Stem Seam The next seam in the embroidery is a smooth, which should be mentioned -
. Most often this seam technique is used forEmbroidery stems in plants or twigs. Hence, apparently, and went the name. It consists of stitches tightly pressed together and forming a line. The line can be either straight or irregularly shaped. Each stitch in this seam starts from the middle of the previous one. We try to keep the working thread constantly from one direction, so that the structure of the seam is not broken. The direction, like the above-mentioned seams, can be absolutely any. At the end of the embroidery, the perfect
Must have the form of a lace. Place the beginning and end of each stitch should be almost unnoticed. From the underside of the job, this seam has the form of a line.
A string seam The narrow seam of the name already declares its appearance. He has
And is, of course, in embroidery, smooth, contourSeam. With its help it is easy to create perfectly smooth lines. The stitches of this seam are absolutely equal to each other and seem to come out of each other. The thread should be free and do not pull the fabric.
Tambour seam More than one seam - tambour. It has different names - a chain, spikelets, a butterfly and others. But the basis of all its variants is the same technique. To perform this stitch, a needle with a fixed thread is drawn to the face. Hold the thread with the other hand and insert the needle into the same hole from which it came out. An eyelet is formed, which must be fastened at its apex by a short stitch. You can create a chain of these loops. Then we do not need to fix it, but simply draw the needle from the bottom up at the top of the loop and repeat the same thing.
Seam "lace" One of the rather interesting seams inEmbroidery is a "lace". The technique of embroidering this seam includes two stages. The first is the execution of the seam "forward the needle" with observance of the intervals between adjacent stitches not more than half the length of each. And the second is carrying out the working thread through the stitches. The needle is held under each stitch always from the same direction - from top to bottom or vice versa. The fabric is not pierced at the same time.
What is the smooth surface
Simple glazeIf you are a beginner inThe embroidery world, especially in embroidery, the first appearance of this embroidery for you is a simple smooth surface. This is such an embroidery technique, in which each element of the circuit is executed separately and consists of stitches, tightly pressed and located parallel to each other. The face and the underside of such work, executed by the surface, should look absolutely identical.
It is important to properly fix the thread. To do this, follow the center, for example, the petal several stitches "forward the needle." Then stretch the thread so that its end remains in the thickness of the blade, and begin embroidering with smooth stitches, tightly placed in relation to each other. Your stitches will hide the end of the thread, and it will remain invisible.
Contour smoothness The direction of stitches can be arbitrary when embroidering with a smooth surface, but their parallelism must be observed.
The next view is a contour surface. This method of embroidering with a smooth surface is ideal for decorating pillows, tablecloths or clothes. In this version, the embroidery is only on the contours of the circuit, and the interior remains unclean. Each stitch is parallel and follows strictly the previous one. This is a two-sided embroidery. The midpoints of such leaves or flowers perform one of the types of contour seams and leave them unfilled.
Shadow smooth Shadow technique is a kind of embroiderySmooth, the effect of which is achieved using stitches of different sizes and directions. It is through the color of the thread and the size of the stitches that this embroidery creates a change of light and shadow on the finished work. The main thing to adhere to is that the lighted sections of the work should be embroidered with light tones of thread, and darkened with dark ones. On such work, it is with the help of shading that relief and volume are created. The most effective in this version will look embroidery smooth, depicting gzhel.
The fanfold is a group of stitchesDifferent lengths mixed with each other. Used when embroidering semicircular elements, which are so often rich in various patterns. Stitches can be directed both from the inner edge to the outer edge, and in the opposite direction. The main move they should be as if by the radius of the circle. First make two stitch guides, and
"Verhoshov" then add more, in between. Internal filling stitches must be of different lengths and do not collide at the same point.
The most economical version of embroideryIs the technique of "verhoshov". It represents a one-sided smooth surface, which on the underside looks like a dashed line, located along the contour of the pattern. Embroidery with such a smoothness contains stitches rather large, usually located from the center to the edge or vice versa. Depends on their location on the shape of the pattern used. The midpoints of flowers are usually filled with a smooth suture.
White cut-through smooth white surface - representsA multi-layer embroidery. First, after designating the contours, the inner part is filled into one layer. And after that another layer is sewn, opposite in the direction of the previous one. This embroidery is perfectly combined with the slotted finish.
For a slotted surface,Made in the web of holes that are trimmed with a roller and have all kinds of shapes. Such smooth surface is carried out on a thin and durable material, such as flax, threads floss. Embroidery on the wrong side of the material should be without transitions, so each hole is sheathed separately. When embroidering, the fabric inside the element is cut with a cross. Then, using the needle, the cut edges are bent to the wrong side, and the edge is trimmed. After the work is finished, the edges of the fabric are cut from the inside by scissors.
Modern masters greatly simplified the workTechnique of embroidery. Stitches, which are performed to date, differ from their predecessors in the simplicity of their execution. They are performed, as a rule, with thick threads and along the contour of the pattern. But they are based on all the above options for seams and techniques, which were applied and applied in embroidery.
Video: master class on embroidery stitch