Embroidery stitch types and performance technique (photo and video)

Embroidery stitch types and performance technique (photo and video)


even today is in great demand andpopularity. This is the most demanded kind of crafts among young people and the older generation. Mastering the technique of embroidery embroidery allow needle women get the original patterns. They will help to decorate clothing or parts of it. Embroidery has always helped to bring a touch of elegance to the house, furnishings, toys for young children, clothing, underwear and many other things.

Appliances and tools for embroidery

To get started you need to prepare well. To do this, pay attention to the following tools:

  • Threads. embroidery Embroidery implies a use of iris, woolen and thick filaments, floss and cotton yarn;
  • Needle. It is a basic tool parameters and dimensions, which are selected based on the tissue density;
  • Thimbles. During the working process of these devices will become assistants to push the thread through the fabric. At the same fingers needlewomen will not be subjected to injections;
  • Scissors. None Stitch embroidery can not do without such a tool;
  • Selection of tissue. Embroidery can be done on cotton, flax, silk, wool and blended fabrics;
  • Corners for embroidery - boxes, bags, and boxes.
  • How to prepare for embroidery

    Putting figure

    Getting needlework must be selectedappropriate drawings. They are often printed in books and magazines. Future designs can be easily and quickly make a copy using a transparent paper, tracing paper or carbon paper.
    If, during the preparatory process is used vellum, it is necessary to put on top of selected images. Figures and patterns encircled pencil strictly on the circuit.
    If the home is no tracing paper, but there are non-transparent andenough thick paper, the more experienced handy advised to use carbon paper. To transfer all the pictures taken a blank sheet of paper, followed by putting on top of blueprint and drawing. All listed structure must be secured by means of clips, pins and buttons. All necessary drawings and patterns necessarily encircled strictly on the lines. embroidery process is carried out as carefully as possible to prevent the sheet shifts dense or copy paper.
    Preparatory work

    The history of embroidery embroidery has its roots inearly 17th century. Even then needlewoman used below technique to decorate not only household items but also their own clothes. Today, to begin embroidery need to prepare all the tools and materials correctly and carefully.
    Best of all, when the history of embroidery will be read to understand the depth and the meaning of this type of needlework. Key Secrets of the preparatory work:

  • Before work is required carefully align the edges of fabric. The last thread pulled out and then cut off the excess parts. After performing this step, the fabric ironing;
  • Embroidery embroidery for beginners can needlewomenIt seems difficult and impossible. But this is completely wrong opinion, because the hard work does not tolerate haste. You can never break off the thread and make a knot;
  • When the work is finished, you need to carefully hide the working thread for stitches.
  • Embroidery white embroidery

    The white expanse is in great demand amonghandy people. We must remember that before starting work, you must first apply pattern on the work cloth. The white expanse is a special technique, which uses exclusively white thread. In this case only thin tissue types.
    View technology, which uses a white surface, canclosely interwoven with knots, holes, hemstitches, podstilnoy embroidery and other various types of sewing. That Vladimir region has become the main place where the white expanse began to be used.
    To create paintings most often used floral motifs, bouquets and garlands.

    Video: white satin-stitch embroidery on fabrics and organza

    Volume satin stitch

    Volume gladyuObemnaya embroidery satin stitchIt is a kind of ancient crafts. It was quite common in Western Europe. These figures, as vegetable and flower arrangements, animals, people look as a finished product more attractive. We can say that they are alive.
    embroidery includes a unique effect that is achieved through the use of a special joint.
    Today, the bulk embroidery is classified as follows:

  • Stumpwork is a classic embroidery;
  • Art volumetric expanse with ribbons;
  • Italian - trapunto;
  • Brazilian;
  • The combination of all these styles.
  • Variety embroidery embroidery

    Satin smooth surface
    The broken surface of
    Counting expanse
    Chinese Embroidery Today many needlewoman prefer
    Because the patterns in the finished product look beautiful and attractive. You can select the following types of embroidery embroidery:

  • Satin smooth surface. The direction of the stitch is similar to the direction of the fabric yarns. During operation, all the stitches are arranged so that they met the stitches from the adjacent row. Wrong side looks as messy little stitches;
  • Dashed expanse. Embroider this technique is easy enough, and it is just perfect for a large number of thumbnails. It should be noted that the pattern will look like volumetric expanse. Work will remind pencil sketches, so dashed expanse widespread. More experienced handy Recommend first practice on a simple sheet of paper;
  • Counting expanse. This technique is meant by a maintenance account. That is, the stitch length and spacing between them should be strictly limited to a certain amount of fabric. Counting smooth surface should be done strictly on a linen cloth, and work can take floss, hair, iris. Counting expanse of perfectly combined with embroidery cross, paintings, as well as the stitching operation;
  • Chinese embroidery satin stitch. This technique is often used for a combination of accented mesh banners and Staminate seam.
  • "Forward needle" seam technique
    The presented technique involvesa certain sequence of stitches that are arranged strictly according to the contour lines. It can be of any shape that is straight or curved. The volumetric expanse may be formed using such a seam.
    Presented seam can be some fun, if a skip stitch thread or another solid color. When the work is completed, we can see a kind of wave.
    The loop stitch
    Volume expanse with
    is performed in the direction from left to right whena needle downward motion. In early work necessary to schedule multiple parallel lines of stitches on which limit its height. If taken for a thick fabric, which includes a well-defined line of yarn, you do not need to do baster.

    • strand derived strictly on the front side in the lower parts of the seam;
    • Next, you need to perform stitch, with the needle should be in the direction from top to bottom, and the thread will remain under the needle;
    • working thread should be tightened so that there was a loop.

    How to embroider the leaves and flowers embroidery (workshop)

    You can find a variety of schemes and patterns of flowers, petals and other ornaments In the vastness of our site. The following will detail the master - a class that will tell you how to embroider embroidery patterns and designs.

  • The fabric should be sufficiently well stretched on the embroidery frame. At this point, you must pay special attention. On how tight the fabric depends on the final result;
  • Needlewoman beginners can start to take no complex patterns and schemes, such as leaves;
  • Simple smooth surface means by a double-sided embroidery. In this case the right and wrong side should be the same;
  • All the ends of the working yarn should be carefully hidden under the stitches. On the reverse side there should be no knots or other fastener thread;
  • To embroider leaf must be on the front side, inside the sheet to make a few stitches called "forward needle";
  • Working thread must be carefully tightened to the tip remains in the tissue;
  • Next, the needle is displayed at the beginning and work embroidering continues in a similar manner;
  • Those stitches that are on top will be hidden by means of the end of the thread, so they will not be visible;
  • After working thread is securelyfixed, you are ready to carry out the following series. They must be as tight as possible pressed together. Needle women need to pay attention to all the stitches did not extend beyond the outline of a leaf;
  • The needle enters the contour lines puncture the tissue should be implemented only at a right angle. Thus, it is possible to achieve accurate results;
  • Mid motive, leaf or flower petalsmay have an arbitrary direction of stitches. But needlewoman have to remember that you need to follow to ensure that they are always placed only in parallel.

  • Vladimir seam

    Vladimir vyshivkaVladimirsky sewn seamOnly large stitches on the canvas, which should go strictly from the edges toward the center of the pattern, and in the opposite direction. It should be noted that the sequence of this seam is to mount the strings on the front side only. It should be located only in the lower parts of the circuit, which is sheathed.

  • The first thing to do needlewoman stitch small size, which starts at the top of the loop;
  • The thread is tightened until a special satin stitch;
  • Likewise run small stitches in the lower part of the circuit pattern of the future.

  • Vladimir shovV end result should bewoo stitches at a small distance from each other on the front side of the work. Wrong side should look a little different, that is, embroidery should look like rows of fine stitches, which are dotted along the contour of the pattern.

    Video: Learning to embroider embroidery