Beads - one of the most ancient materials forneedlework. The very first beads that were the predecessors of beads were born many hundreds of years ago. Ancient people were turning them out of elephant bones, shells, pebbles, cast from gold and silver. Ancient Egyptians made glass beads since they learned to cook glass. The very first bead of green glass was discovered by archeologists at excavations near the city of Thebes. Masters of glassware added to the mass of manganese, cobalt, copper and other elements and obtained a glass of purple, blue and green hues. The beads were not only round. They had the appearance of flowers, leaves, were stylized as bumps or shells. With the heyday of the Hellenistic era, the glassmaking center moves to Alexandria. In ancient Rome, glass has ceased to be a rare and expensive treat. From it they began to create kitchen utensils and to glaze windows of houses. Then the monopoly on the manufacture of glass was captured and firmly held for many years by Venetian masters. A very beautiful and high quality Venetian beads was highly valued and was exported to many countries. The secrets of its creation were zealously protected from outsiders, and the masters of glassmaking in Venice enjoyed great rights and privileges. With the development of navigation, the glassworks were replaced by factories. Beads became available to most people. From small glass and plastic beads create a lot of different things. Weave unusual necklaces, earrings and pendants, funny baubles and bracelets. There is a beaded floristic with a huge number of schemes and variants of weaving flowers. Fantasy and creative vision of needlewomen and craftsmen knows no boundaries, therefore from beads to the light there are even beaded animals. In this article we offer you master classes on the production of a variety of fish and other inhabitants of reservoirs with diagrams, photos and descriptions. Fish Guppy from beads. It will take:
- The beads are black, purple, pink, yellow and gray;
- Delicate procrastination.
Fish fuses from a wire length of 120 cm intechnique "parallel weaving". This is a very simple technique and even a beginner can weave such a fish. Weave according to the scheme two parts of the trunk, separate fins and tail, and then connect the parts. It is possible to lay an additional layer of a piece of polyethylene between the halves of the fish body, this will make the fish more voluminous. Due to the fact that the fish is trudging on the wire, it can be bent into different poses in the finished form. Fish Scalaria from beads. It will take:
- The beads are yellow, gray (can be replaced by white) and black;
- The wire.
For the weaving of the body (without taking into account the tail), it is necessarytake a piece of wire 1 m in length. Start working with the muzzle. Weave 4 rows, then make 2 branches according to the scheme. String them on the bottom end of the wire. Then twist them in the upper part and then weave according to the scheme. Separately weave the finlets, passing the wires through the beads of the extreme rows of the top or bottom. Fins to weave by parallel flat weaving. Fish Clown of beads. It will take:
- Beads are orange, white and black.
Weave it in the same technique of parallelvoluminous weaving as previous fish. Between the halves of the fish body it is possible to lay an additional layer for a larger volume. It will be necessary to have a piece of wire 120 cm long. The tail will be flat, and it needs to be strung on a separate wire. Lower fins, located in front, weave on the wire tails of the trunk. Lateral fins to weave on separate pieces of a wire, its ends to pass through 2 beads on a trunk (to be guided by the scheme and a photo). The remaining fins can be weaved by parallel parallel weaving on separate pieces of wire, passing them through the outer beads along the edges of the trunk. The next aquatic inhabitant will be a sea horse made of beads. Will need:
- A piece of wire is 2 m in gold;
- Beads light beige, ordinary beige, light brown, ordinary brown.
Continues all the same three-dimensional techniqueparallel weaving. Start work on the spout, then weave according to the scheme. On the ridge in several places to thread 1 serving bead (make them on an additional wire). Rows on the diagram, denoted by crosses, you need to skip. The tails of the wires pass in the opposite direction through the previous lower row. (direction indicated by arrows). After the beads for the tail are strung, it needs to be twisted, like a real seahorse. Below is a drawing that shows the designation of the rows on the diagram and the execution of the weave itself. Baby Scat with blue spots of beads. It will take:
- Silver wire length 150 cm;
- Beads of black, blue, gray or beige colors.
Weave in a familiar parallelvolumetric technique. Start work on the muzzle. To weave a three-dimensional back, in the center of the craft, lower the bottom row, thread the first 4, then to the next. row 5, then 6 beads in a row. Each time a new row is put on one tail of the wire and pass the second, tightening tight. Before you begin to weave a tail, you need to make a row with circles of beads. It is necessary to thread them on one wire tail, and then pass the other end in the opposite direction through 6 beads of row. Follow the pattern. Separate delays pass through the marked with a red cross rows, performing on them the eyes of Scathach. The first row of 3 beads strung on a black bead, in the 2nd string over it. Follow the pattern. Here is another scheme of fancy fish from beads. To create it you will need:
- Beads of pink, cherry, blue, red tones;
- 5 dark beads of a larger size;
- 2 elongated beads of light tones;
- B glass 22 pcs .;
- A piece of cardboard;
- Glue with a brush;
- Thread with a needle;
- The length of the wire is 45 cm long;
From the piece of cardboard cut out the base for the fish (1drawing). Oval stretched beads put on a small wire piece (3 - 4 cm). Tighten the tails (2 figure). This is the mouth of the fish. For the abdominal (2.b figure) and dorsal (2. in the figure), take the length of the wire about 15 cm, for the tail 10 cm (2. g figure). Make them from a bugle Glue the blanks to a cardboard base. To strengthen, take pieces of paper and glue them on top of the wire tails (3. a figure). Take a thread length of about 1.5 m and thread about 15 cm of pink beads. The head of the fish smeared with glue, and the end of the thread should be put near the mouth of the fish. Turn the beads from the area around the mouth in turns. Ensure that the coils are located tightly to each other and do not forget to glue the cardboard base with glue. Calculate the location of large dark beads on the low so that they become eyes. You can diversify the colors of the fish, mixing a few different shades in the low. You can make it striped or spotted. Wait until the glue is completely dry and the fish is ready.