- Hand stitching and their types
- How to perform the loop stitch
- Video: Learning to make the loop stitch
- The most popular hand-stitched
- What embroider cord
- Legendary French embroidery
- Video: how to embroider French knots
There are various kinds of hand joints, andperhaps one of the most common among them is the hinge joint. With the help of various hinge joints can be treated with products edge attach applications and even embroidery.
Consider also the main types used needlewomen stitches and lovely embroidered French knots.
Hand stitching and their types
Before you begin to study the types of joints and let's get acquainted with the basic concepts used during sewing. And to cope with this task will help us is such a simple scheme:
So called seam position, wherein certain parts have been connected. All hand-stitched made up of lines, and they in turn are divided into stitches.
The stitch length - the distance between its start and end. A joint width - the distance between the trailing edge details and stitching.
According to the purpose all hand-stitched divided into two types:
Besides hand-stitched lines and can be:
- Direct copying;
- Basting straight;
- Hem oblique;
- obmetochnye oblique;
- looping stachnye;
- looped obmetochnye.
Direct copy seam
Straight Basting stitch
Squint and oblique obmetochny podshivochny seams
Stachny folded seam
The loop blanket stitch course, someone cansay that hand sewing is difficult and also very long. However, embroidery made with their own hands, regardless of what patterns or stitches you select for it, at all times will be appreciated much more than what has been embroidered on the machine.
How to perform the loop stitch
As you know, the embroidery stitches aredifferent, but usually most people use conventional looped stitches. Our small master class will tell you how you can manually perform the loop stitch:
The loop stitch embroidery
Please print the string on the "face" in the "A" point, andthen through the point "B" to return to the wrong side and stick out your needle back to the front side in the "C" point. Please note that your thread should be under the needle
Next you will need to pull forward the thread so that it is firmly laid on the fabric, but it is not "skewed" it.
Then, in the «D» at slip the needle inside out and go back to the front side, using for this point "E". You need to do everything so that the thread is under the needle.
Gently pull the thread forward and continue to do the stitches in the same way.
When you decide to finish your hinge seam you will need to return the needle inside out immediately after you complete the last loop.
By doing this, you will need to tighten the thread forward, so that it formed a straight stitch and attach it.
The loop seam edgings
Pass the thread at the point "A" through the fold.
Push the needle through the point "B" directly below the hem, so that the thread was under the needle, the tip of which is located at the edge of this material.
Pulling forward a thread, slip the needle into the point "C", and make another loop. Do not forget that it must be done so that the thread was under the needle.
In this way, you will need to make the rightthe number of stitches. Finished product manually process the edge, you will need to hold a needle on a loop, so that it went through the crease. After that, you can gently pull the thread, and fix it.
Please note that there are different ways of sewing a seam Hinge:
- hinge, or as it is called - the edge seam can be usual or more frequent;
- height loopy seam stitches can be different, moreover they may be arranged in groups and be of various shapes or orientation;
- if you execute smooth or scalloped edge products that you can use to strengthen them and give them some convexity hinge seam on the deck.
Frequent hinge joint
A variety of stitches hinge joint
The loop stitch on the deck With the loop seam is also often embroider various floral patterns:
To learn how to manually using the loop seam to sew articles you can also watch a short video tutorial:
Video: Learning to make the loop stitch
The most popular hand-stitched
Beginners is quite difficult to understand the variety of hand joints. But our master class will help you learn the most basic and commonly used hand-stitched:
Let's start with the fact that our master class will tell you about some of the features of the "Goat" seam:
- first note that this suture needle moves forward only from left to right;
- further aspect, this seamIt is that the "Goat" can be carried out not only solid, but also colored thread in several rows. Therefore, the "Goat" is often called the "Scottish" or "velvet".
We now proceed directly to the technique of execution of the seam. Here is a small scheme that will help you to quickly and easily master the "Goat":
Seam "Goat" In this scheme, the top you see a numbered sequence of all stitches. And here is how the stitches "goat" look at if they are executed in several rows:
Double "Goat" We now turn to the study of "Herringbone" seam. Just wanted to point out the fact that "Herringbone" may be normal or double:
Note that the "Herringbone" seam can not only sew but also embroider. This stitch is most often used for filing, but it is considered in the embroidery decorating.
Seam "Double Tree" Normal "Herringbone" is performed using the straight stitch in the side, and then slightly back and down. This loop must be under the needle.
Kettelny shovEsli you decide to make a double, "Christmas tree", then you will need to first perform 2 stitches in one direction, and then the same in the opposite direction as it looks on the chart.
"Kettelny seam" is usually used toIn order to connect to the main web some additional detail. With it often fixed eyelets last row and sew strips or pockets.
Here as in the photo looks "Kettelny seam":
There are a few tips that will help you make the right seam:
- to the seam turned flat and beautiful before you start you need to iron them linkable part of the finished product;
- if you plan to sew using the "seam Kettelnogo" relief or openwork item, you need to knit her last series of facial loops and also leave them open.
There are two types of "Cross":
The most commonly used one-sided embroidery "stitch" as it is considered to be easier. "Cross" you can embroider clothing, table linens and even pictures.
There are various ways of embroidery "cross" but we will look at, perhaps, the easiest of them:
- First you will need to perform a series of oblique stitches with a slight tilt to the right. At the same time on the wrong side, you can see a number consisting of vertical stitches;
- then you will need to, as it were, go back and do crisscrossing stitches.
Let's look at how the embroidery "cross" appears on the front and the reverse side:
Embroidery "cross" is quite simple, and many of us remember her from the school. However, with such elemental "cross", you can create real masterpieces.
I would also like to say a few words on how to properly use bekstich in embroidery. Usually bekstich used to highlight the contours of the finished embroidery.
BekstichShit them quite easily: 2 stitches forward and one back. All stitches need to be sewn in the same direction and have the same length.
What embroider cord
Currently, cord embroidery with every day is becoming more and more popular. As a rule, such embroidery adorn clothes, pillows and various kitchen utensils.
The diagram shows the various overhead welds, with the help of which the cord embroidery:
- rare oblique and thick vertical;
- cross or legs;
Legendary French embroidery
French embroidery primarilyassociated with French knots, with which you can decorate the finished paintings or to create entire web. French knots can be embroidered with thread floss or tape.
French knots in the embroidery are quite common. However, it is worth noting that not all embroiderers love them as they are quite time-consuming.
In most studies the French knot, usually used to add volume and expressiveness. With it usually embroider small flowers, stamens, or tight buds of roses.
It is worth noting that the French knot can be of different sizes. Primarily its size depends on the number of entwined:
French knot nitkamiMy already said that the French nodule can be performed not only ribbons but also floss thread. Let's try to do it yourself:
It is worth noting that such wonderful nodules can be done in various bands. Technique practically will not differ from what you've done before with the help of thread:
French lentamiKrome bundle of ribbons can be made more extensive and great pictures:
All these paintings are executed by threads and ribbons. To create them, use different materials, techniques and stitches, but all of them have in common is that they are specifically designed to give people a modicum of home heat, bright sun and good mood!
Video: how to embroider French knots