- Round embroidery hoop
- Video: how to make a hoop with your own hands
- Square hoop for embroidery
- Tapestry hoop for embroidery with cross and beads
- Embroidery machines
- Useful Tips for Choosing a Hoop
- Excursion to the hoop story
- Video: choose embroidery frame
No type of needlework requiredEmbroider a base, be it embroidery with beads, smooth and cross, can not do without such a convenient device for work, like a frame. Only with their help you can get a neat, beautiful, eye-catching work.
Embroidery frames are products of various shapesAnd the sizes made of various materials, they can be plastic, metal, wooden, have the form of a circle, a square or an oval. They can be attached various practical adaptations, for example, for fastening to a table or a wall.
Use embroidery hoop is necessary,First of all, in order to make the fabric tight and evenly stretched, perfectly flat canvas is the guarantee of quality, accurate work, especially when embroidering beads. If the fabric is skewed, the beads will go unevenly and the embroidery will turn out to be distorted. Embroidery on the embroidery frame also allows you to free your hands and keep the fabric clean. True, it is more convenient for some needlewomen to embroider a cross without a hoop, but this is a matter of personal preferences, each skilled worker must choose a comfortable work style for herself. Modern industry now produces embroidery hoop for every taste and color at prices that are quite affordable for all needlewomen.
Round embroidery hoop
Round hoops are two hoops,One slightly smaller than the other in diameter. On the hoop of a smaller size, an embroidery fabric is applied, a large hoop is placed on top of it, which stretches the fabric between the two hoops, and the hoops are fastened together with a special screw. With this screw, you can also adjust the tension of the fabric between the hoops. Round hoops come in a variety of diameters, are sold, either individually or in sets.
The most inexpensive embroidery hoop is made of plastic and fastened together with a plastic screw, but they are the ones that break most often if they are made of poor-quality plastic.
More expensive and durable - wooden hoop with a metal screw. On sale there are also metal hoops, but they are quite heavy, so their hands will be very tired.
Round embroidery frames are also convenient because theirYou can take along on the road, they do not take up much space. Such hoop is ideal for beginner needlewomen, they are used for embroidery with a smooth or cross. This is also the most convenient embroidery frame for beads, they can be used for embroidering small items and accessories.
Varieties of round hoop
Today, you can also see the combined embroidery hoop. On the lower circle of plastic stretches the upper rubber hoop, stylized under a tree, between them stretched fabric.
Such hoops usually have convenient adaptations- loops, for which they can be hung on the wall, that is, they are original frame hoops that serve as embroidery design, they do not need to be disassembled after work. They are suitable for embroidering small miniatures with beads, after finishing the work, it is necessary to cut the edges of the canvas along the contour of the hoop and the embroidery can be hung on the wall. Their only drawback - these hoop can be called disposable, because the embroidery of them is not removed, but immediately hung on the wall.
Pyla-springs Another interesting form - a frame -Springs, they can fix the material of any rigidity. Their inner circle is made of a metal spring with ears, the outer one is made of flexible plastic with a notch in diameter. It is into this "groove" that an inner metal hoop is inserted, fixing the fabric. Usually it is a hoop of a small size, they can be used for embroidery with beads.
Video: how to make a hoop with your own hands
Square hoop for embroidery
Initially, a square embroidery hoopWere four wooden bars, which were joined together by ropes crosswise, one end of the hoop rested on the table, the other was kneeling at the embroiderer. For the master of the wealthy families, more convenient embroidery devices were made. Such embroidery frame was a table with a frame that was adjustable, and tools for embroidery were attached to its hinged cover: needles, scissors, an awl.
In the early 20th century, the square hoop wasImproved: the frame now consisted of rollers and transverse rulers. To the fabric, stitches with holes were sewn, through which straight sticks were passed. The sticks were pulled to the rulers, and the embroidery frame was well stitched. The embroidered product was wound on a roller, this allowed to preserve its integrity of embroidery. And now such frame hoops can be found in embroidery crafts.
In the second half of the 20th century,To let out a hoop of a new modification. They were a folding table with side frames, two rods and a pull bar. The side frames had legs that could be adjusted in height, depending on the height of the embroiderer. Now, various models of hoop are also being developed, which make it possible to make work on embroidering comfortable. On sale, you can also find wooden square hoops with rounded edges and a lock.
Tapestry hoop for embroidery with cross and beads
For embroidering large paintings, paintings, panels or
Tapestry hoop (other name- frame). They are a rectangular frame of various sizes, which can be adjusted in width. These hoops are made only from wood, as they are intended for embroidery of a large volume. The fabric on them can be used of any length, various attachments are used in its fastening: pins, Velcro, furniture stapler or special clips - clamps.
These hoops are ideal for embroideryBeads or a cross of large canvases. The embroidered base is firmly fixed on them, does not deform and does not warp, which guarantees a neat finish of the embroidery. Another plus of such hoop - the fabric in them is not spoiled, in contrast to the round, which have to constantly keep in hand. Modern tapestry embroidery hoops are presented in handicraft shops in a large assortment, but if desired they can be made to order.
Flooring machineSpecial machine toolsFor embroidery - a very convenient way to organize work on embroidery with maximum comfort. Good lighting, proper posture, minimal workload on the body - all this is important for long sedentary work.
There are several types: floor, table and sofa, you need to choose them depending on where you are most often engaged in needlework.
Desktop has a variety of devices, withWhich are attached to the table. Floor machines will require space, but they are the most practical of all, since they can be installed next to a natural light source, which is very important for embroidery with beads. Sofa suited to those who prefer to embroider, sitting in a chair or on a couch, their legs are usually fixed under furniture. All embroidery machines can be adjusted in height and inclination. With materials and carpentry skills, such machines can be made independently.
Useful Tips for Choosing a Hoop
If you want to get the most out of the embroidery process, then the materials for the job should be of high quality and not bring you trouble.
When choosing a hoop, it is necessary to pay attention toTheir appearance. The inner and outer circles should be smooth and well polished, otherwise hooks on canvas or embroidery can spoil all work.
Screws - fasteners on the hoop should be well scrolled, for poor-quality hoop they go very tightly.
Do not choose a brightly colored frame, if the painting is poor-quality, they can paint the canvas.
If for some reason you postponed embroidered work for a long time, then the fabric must be taken out of the hoop so that there are no creases on it.
When embroidering with beads on a light, sliding fabric,Both hoops hoop need to wrap tape or oblique bake, so that the fabric does not slip. The main thing to remember when choosing a hoop - they should suit you.
Excursion to the hoop story
The hoop was used by needlewomen from the beginningThe appearance of needlework. In those old times, industry was absent, so all the embroidery accessories were made by hand. Originally for their manufacture a wooden rod was used, which was bent into a ring, then, with the help of ropes inside it, a cloth was tightly stretched, like a drum.
In Greece, in the first centuries BCA hoop of trapezoidal shape was used, which rested against the embroideress in the thighs. In Russia, the appearance of the hoop is attributed to the 10th - 12th centuries, for the first time the embroidery frame is mentioned in the oldest Russian book "Domostroe". Even at that time, cross-stitch and smooth embroidery was actively practiced by skilled workers.
In the 19th century the most popular are roundHoop, which could be disassembled at the end of the work, and non-separable square, which were fixed on the floor. Round embroidery frames were used for embroidering using light fabrics (cross stitch, beads), rectangular embroideries for embroidering large fabrics, such as
Or a wall panel.
Over time, embroidery was gaining more and moreThe hoop was modernized, became more convenient and practical, for wealthy people they were made of valuable wood, for example, from mahogany or Karelian birch and had various convenient adaptations.