Want to learn patience, skillconcentrate and create something original? We suggest you to master the fascinating hobby - modular origami. The art of folding a simple piece of paper has thousands of years, but the very first crafts in this technique were not toys. They performed important religious and ritual functions. In beautifully folded paper boxes, called sanbo, the Japanese put edible gifts to the gods - burdens. Over time, sanbo became increasingly intricate. Paper figures began to accompany a variety of festivities. The newlyweds were accompanied at the weddings by butterflies made of paper. They symbolized happiness and pure love. Samurai folded small souvenirs from paper ribbons and gave each other before fights. For a long time, paper was a very expensive treat, and only very wealthy people from the upper classes could afford to put on origami figurines. A sign of good tone and upbringing was the ability of noble gentlemen to entertain at the receptions of their ladies, adding to them such handicrafts. For a long time, the secrets of creating figurines passed orally from generation to generation. In different families there were special ways. this lasted until 1797, when the first printed instruction for creating origami crafts was published. Now this fascinating process is enjoyed by both children and adults. The number of techniques and directions of folding of handicrafts increased. One of the most original and interesting is modular origami. From small parts, you can make bulky items, from very light, taking a few minutes, to large-scale and grandiose, requiring several hours and even days to create them. In this article, we offer you several detailed master classes on creating crafts in the technique of modular origami. Before you try to make your own product, you need to learn how to properly add modules, from which actually and will consist of an odd job. Classical origami involves the creation of figures from a square sheet of paper, whereas for a modular one, a rectangle with a 2: 1 aspect ratio is required. Arrange it in length and fold it in half lengthwise along the horizontal. The fold line should be at the top. Now it is necessary to bend and unbend vertically, denoting the middle of the leaf. The right and left upper corners are lowered downwards (see a photo). The resulting figure unfolds. In the foreground we have a triangle. Take the two lower (right and left) corners and bend them upward so that they are in contact with the base of the triangle. Bend the bottom of the structure, as shown in the photo. It remains only to fold the triangle in half. If you deploy it, you will see two pockets, where you need to pass the corners of other modules. It should be noted immediately that even for a smallcrafts may need dozens of parts, so you can store modules for future use. In addition, with a sloppy connection, they can crumple or even tear, which means that you will have a small insurance. To begin with, we offer a completely uncomplicated handicraft - a merry snowman. Snowman in the technique of modular origami It will take:
- 946 modules of white color.
- 154 modules of green color.
- 22 modules are yellow.
- Eyes, mouth and black eyebrows (can be cut from paper).
- Cone of red paper as a spout.
- Handles (twisted corrugated paper, wire or any other material of your choice).
- A scarf (a small strip of colored paper, you can use a napkin).
- Beads for buttons.
The first two circles will consist of 34 moduleswhite each. The first circle is on the long side of the module. The second one is short. Each two adjacent corners from two different modules of the first (inner) circle are inserted into the pockets of one module of the second circle. You can collect circles in parts, for example, by 4module in each row. When the circles are closed, turn over and turn the workpiece slightly. She will get a flat bottom, which will make the snowman more stable. In the next round, there will be 6 more modules. To do this, at equal intervals on the adjacent corners of two adjacent modules to wear more than one piece, and two. There were 40 modules in the circle. The next 12 laps will also consist of 40each one. Do not be discouraged if the shape of the workpiece does not look spherical. Crafts from the modules are very plastic, so just give the bend to the walls of the craft with your fingers. It does not look like molding a pot, you give your hands the desired roundness. The last 16th circle should be done on 4 modules already. If you put two modules not on 4, but on 6 corners, then this will remove two parts, so repeat the manipulation twice. In the next row there will be also 36 modules, only to put them follows the other side outwards (right angle) (see photo). The 18th row is made of 36 modules. String them as usual. This is the beginning of the head. In total, 9 laps of 36 modules are required. We give it a spherical shape similar to the body - just gently stretch your fingers. With the help of glue attach eyes, nose, mouth, crooks. We wait while the glue dries. At this time, we set aside the snowman and begin to make him a hat. For this master class, green andyellow modules. We start to collect from modules of green color. The first three circles are added similarly to the body of 22 parts each. Turn and bend the workpiece to get a flat bottom (it will be the tip of the hat). We make another circle of green color. The fifth row for contrast was gathered from yellow details. In total, the hat should have 8 circles, including the first. The hat is ready. Now we put it on the snowman, we glue handles and buttons. It remains only to tie a beautiful and bright scarf and a snowman in the modular origami technique is ready. If you are only planning to consider origami,as a possible hobby, it is worth learning about it a few important nuances. It's not just fun and a way to take time. For children, the origami exercise is very useful in that it contributes to the development of fine motor skills. Allows you to train assiduity and ability to concentrate, teaches non-standard methods of solving problems. It invents new concepts about the space and form of objects. For adults, creating crafts in origami technique is not just a pleasant pastime. The art of folding paper has a "magical" property to extinguish anger and soothe. Origami allows you to distract yourself from problems, concentrate and calm down, which in modern and sufficiently stressful situations of life is a very important quality for a hobby. So, if you had a hard day, come home and try to combine first the simplest and lightest origami figure. For this, modules are perfect, because they do not happen much. You yourself will not notice how from simple, in most of the white figures, go to the creation of multi-colored voluminous crafts. Below is a step-by-step master class with a photo on the creation of a colorful, bright swan. Rainbow swan in the technique of modular origami Many people of the world have a legend andtales of swans. Among them there is not a single negative one. Swans were considered symbols of love and loyalty. The deities of the Celts had the appearance of swans with chains of silver and gold around their necks. They cured diseases, personified generosity, purity and love. At Greeks the bird still symbolized also beauty. According to legend, in the image of a wounded swan Zeus appeared before the beautiful queen of Sparta - Leda. She caressed the wounded bird, and after a while she gave birth to an egg from which one of the most beautiful women of ancient times, Elena, later called the Trojan, was born. It will take:
- 136 modules of pink color.
- 90 modules of orange color.
- 60 modules of yellow color.
- 78 modules of green color.
- 36 modules are blue.
- 1 module is red.
- 39 modules of blue color.
- 19 modules of purple.
We begin work with three pink details. In the pockets of one module, you need to place one corner of the two modules. Here's how it happened. We have the beginning of the first and second circle. Now we take two more details. One free corner from the module of the first circle (they stand on the short side) is inserted into the pocket of one of the added modules. In the second pocket of this module, you need to place the corner of the second added module. Note that all modules of the second (outer) circle stand on the surface with a long side. In total in each circle should gather for 30 pieces. Two adjacent corners from the modules of the first row are always placed in the pockets of one module of the second row. The next three circles will consist of modulesorange color for 30 pieces in each circle. They are fixed in a checkerboard pattern similar to the previous circle - two adjacent corners from different modules are placed in the pockets of one module of the next row. The body of the future swan is turned over and carefully arched. Movement should be as if the ring of modules is turned inside out. This is necessary to make the bottom flat. Here is a view from above and from below. We turn the bottom down, we get a figure that looks something like an open stadium. Now take the yellow modules. Need again 30 pieces. We put them on like the previous circles. The next row will also be yellow, but notround. The seventh row serves as the beginning of the wings of the future swan. It will consist of 24 items. We note on the preparation of a place where, in consequence, we will arrange the neck and head of the swan. It will be two adjacent modules, or rather their corners, located side by side. From the mark in both directions we attach 12 yellow modules. We got a small gap for the neck and a little bigger for the tail. Next 11 rows we will form wings. In each subsequent there will be 1 less module for each wing. In the eighth row on both yellow halves we fix 11 modules of green color. The ninth row - 10 green modules. The 10th row is made up of 18 green modules, 9 pieces on each wing. The next two rows will be made from blue modules. 11th row. Each wing has 8 pieces. 12th row. Each wing has 7 modules. For the next three series, modulesof blue color. 13th row. Must hold 6 pieces on each side. 14th row - 5 modules each. 15th row - 4 modules of blue color on each side. Now you need the violet color modules. 16th row of 3 pieces. 17th row of 2 modules. 18th row - 1 module on each side. Carefully with your fingers a little bend the topWings and make them slightly convex at the bottom. We unfold our future swan to ourselves where the tail should be. We make it almost identical to the wings - in each successive row there will be 1 less module than in the previous one. The first row of the tail will consist of 5 modules of green color. Please note that we have 1 unaffected corner of yellow color on each side. In the second row of the tail - 4 modules of green color. 3rd row - 3 green modules. The 4th row will consist of two blue modules. The 5th row is the last one - 1 blue module. Almost everything is ready, it remains only to attachhead and neck swan. Mounting the modules will be slightly different than for the wings and trunk. We take a module of red color - this will be the swan's beak. Its corners must be glued in advance. The next module will be purple. We connect them in this way: we put the corners of the violet part into the red pockets. We insert the following 7 modules of violet colorsimilarly. Immediately try to make a bend, characteristic for the swan neck. Then we attach 6 modules of blue color, then 6 modules of blue, 6 green modules and at the end of 6 yellow details. We attach the neck to the rest of the workpiece. The swan will stand on a special stand, consisting of two circles. For one, 36 pink modules are required, for another 40. We connect them in the same way as the swan neck. We glue the smaller circle to the larger circle. From above we have a swan. You can attach to your head artificial eyes and a bright bow.