One of the oldest materials for craftsis paper. It is enough to recall the unusual figures of origami, which began to fold in the first centuries of our era. But to create them they still needed to invent a paper. About how it came into being, there is not even one version. The approximate date when the paper originated is determined approximately by the first century AD. Teacher of the Chinese ruler Tsai Lun, seeking to find alternative options for other materials for writing, including clay and wooden plaques, pieces of leather, palm leaves and papyrus, finely chopped silk fibers. A mass of these pieces, deposited on a sieve with small cells, is called paper in one of the handwritten sources of the year 69. Another version says that the date of birth of the paper is 105 years. The same educator of the emperor experimented, mixed fragments of old fishing nets, pieces of cloth, chips of a wooden bast. But stopped, having tried the bark of the mulberry tree. He crushed it for a long time with a hammer, and then mixed the resulting fibers with vegetable glue. This paper was very fragile and tough. Six centuries later, she appeared in Japan along with Buddhist monks. A lot of paper was required to preach the doctrine and spread the sutras. The regent who governed at that time ordered the cultivation of silk trees not only for the creation of fabrics, but also for the production of paper. Workers were ordered to find new raw materials to make the material more quality than Chinese. The masters were added to the mass of fiber of other plants, charcoal, boiled, washed, and the experiments yielded fruits. The new paper was much better. The eighth century in Japan has become a real paper boom. Since white was considered a mourning color, red, blue and yellow paper was used to write religious texts. There were more than 180 species and variants. Since the people of the East tried to keep secrets of paper production in secret, in Europe they began to make rag paper. The oldest printed edition of such material is Mozabar's Prayer Book. It dates from the 11th century, and was written in Spain. By the 15th century, rag paper was spreading all over Europe. There are mills for its manufacture. As a raw material, flax and hemp were used. Such paper was of high quality, excellent white color and perfectly preserved to our days. The needs for paper grew, raw materials required for its production, and in the 17th century, pulp was again added to the paper pulp as in antiquity. So a paper made of cellulose, which remains in demand, is still firmly embedded in the life of a person, to this day. In this article, we offer you several ideas for crafts from paper with photo. The creation of such products will itself become a pleasant pastime. Many of them can be done with children. Bright and light gizmos will be an excellent gift or decoration for different holidays: New Year, Birthday, etc. Before you start creating paper crafts, you need to prepare materials, tools and workstations. Pay attention to the lighting. Light should not fall into the eyes or create shadows on the work surface. Paper pom-poms This is a wonderful decoration for any holidaywill require minimal time and materials. The principle of creating pompoms is universal. You can turn a few things into a garland, mobile or suspension of different colors and sizes. It only takes scissors, thread or wire and paper. It can be very different, but the best option is a thin wrap or cigarette. Connect the fantasy. Use crafts of different colors and sizes, experiment. Materials and tools:
- Paper (use wrapping or cigarette paper);
- Thick thread or twine.
In order to make one pom-pon you needcut 4 paper blanks 10 x 5 cm. We stack them with a pile. Layers are needed in order for the pompon to become lush. Now it is necessary to fold the pile "accordion" across. The size of the fold is 5 x 2 cm. Now the corners of the resulting blank are rounded off with scissors. We mark the middle of the wide side of the workpiece. We make from the opposite sides two triangular notches. We take thick threads and bind them tightly in the middle, fixing the rope in triangular sections. The ends of the threads are not cut off. The most interesting stage is to give our pom-pom a volume. Carefully straighten the folded pieces of paper first on one side, and then on the other. Raise the layers to form a pompom. Now you can make a few more pieces, hang them on one thread and decorate with a garland room. Flower pots (cups) A composition of bright little pots is capable ofto revive even the darkest corner of the house. Choose the colors that suit your interior. Below you will be offered several master classes for creating colors from paper, which you can put in these pots. Materials and tools:
- Dense color paper (different shades);
- A piece of thin ribbon.
To make such an article is very simple, below are step-by-step photos. For each pot you need to cut 3 parts: the bottom, the handle and the cup. Please note, the photo clearly shows that onethe side of the calyx turns out to be sharp. We make several such pots, we put them one into one. We glue handles (if desired). For the convenience of fastening this craft, you need to build a loop on the back side. Cut out a strip of paper in height equal to the whole structure. Now from the ribbon fold the loop, glue to the back of the topmost pot, and then glue on top of a strip of paper for more secure fastening. Our cups (pots) are ready. Now they have to plant flowers.
Flowers from paper
If you decide to make such a wonderful decorationat home, like paper flowers, you have an almost infinite space for creativity. As a material for crafts, you can take old logs, paper for quilling, corrugated and colored paper, even coffee filters can turn into a wonderful flower. Flowers from coffee filters Materials and tools:
- Coffee filters;
- Floral wire;
- Watercolor paints;
- Floral ribbon;
- Scissors (you can take figured ones);
- Tools for working with wire (nippers, round pliers, pliers).
The lush colors will depend on the quantityfilters. For one flower will need from 4 to 8 pieces. Now add a stack of filters in half. The resulting semicircle fold again in half. Now we have a triangle in our hands and fold it in half again. We have in our hands a piece similar to a piece of pizza. Cut the edge of the figured scissors. This will give relief to our petals. Now some of the filters are laid aside, and some are shortened. This will give the flowers extra volume and texture. If you have many layers, you can divide the stack of filters into three parts. Now unfold all the layers and fold the smaller ones over large ones. We take a piece of wire and pierce all the layers in the center from the wrong side to the outside. We pull it out almost half. At the end of the wire, which on the front side we make a loop and pierce the filters with this tail back - from the face to the wrong side. The distance between punctures is about 5 mm. Twist the wire loop to fixpetals. Now each layer must be handed over and twirled with fingers, this will make the flower lush. The smallest layers need to be lifted up with your fingers. At this stage, we begin to create a stem. Use a toothpick or a wooden skewer. The length of the stem will depend on the intention. To form a sepal, it is necessary to wind the wire around the base of the flower, at the same time attaching the stem. Now we mask the stem with floral tape. If you want flowers of different shades, you canuse water-diluted watercolor or even food colorings. Coffee filters absorb the paint perfectly. This can be done before work, and after you make all the flowers. Flowers using kiwing technique Materials and tools:
- Strips for quilling and colored paper;
A part of the strips for quilling is cut into thinblanks. The second part is cut with fringe. The thinner the pieces of fringe, the more the flower blossoms. The width of the not cut portion of the large strips should be approximately equal to the width of the narrow strips. Now glue the narrow stripes to the edge of the wide (see photo). We spread the glue with a narrow strip and not a cut portion of a wide band. With the help of a toothpick we turn into a tight roll, starting with a narrow strip and ending with a wide strip. Carefully bend the fringe so that it is visiblethe middle of the roll. If desired, you can cut out sheets of colored paper and bend them as in the photo. Such flowers can not only be attached to the legs and put in a vase or in a pot. They will make an excellent decorative element for a postcard or creating a topiary. Flowers from old magazines Beautiful glossy magazines with interestingadvice, gossip about the life of stars, photos of fashion trends and trends of the seasons is almost every woman. After reading, they remain in the house unnecessary waste paper or sent to a landfill. But from this, it would seem useless material, you can make very beautiful flowers. Materials and tools:
- Floral ribbon;
- Wooden skewers;
We find several bright pages in the magazine. Carefully cut out. Now each of them is folded in two with a bright side inward. The edges of the halves are folded once more to the center line of the fold. It turns out a big accordion. Now we cut this accordion with fringe from the sidetwo folds. One centimeter is enough for the base. Now take the skewer and wrap its end with the cut preform. Glue fix the resulting flower. Floral ribbon wraps the stem, starting with a paper base. We give the flower even more splendor, straightening the fringe. Hyacinths of colored paper Materials and tools:
- Two-sided colored paper (green for leaves and trunk, multicolored for petals);
Paper for the petals cut into strips of 5 cm inwidth. The length can be any. One of the broad sides bend about 0.7 cm. Now start cutting the paper fringe. To accelerate the process, you can add several blanks together. The width of the cutting step is approximately 0.5 - 0.7 cm. The bent part is leveled. Now it is necessary to fold each strip of fringe into the tube. Do them consistently and very carefully. Hold the base with one hand. Point the sharp edge of the scissors to the strip of fringe and with a little effort, scissor from the base to the edge of the cutting. The band itself will spin. We will twist the stem from green paper. The dimensions of the strip are 25 x 5 cm. It needs to be twisted, as shown in the photo. The ends of the paper are glued so that the stem does not turn. On the basis of the swirled blank we apply glue. Curls do not affect. Now in a spiral wrap the stem from one end with a strip of curls. For the leaves, cut pieces of green paper 7 x 5see Now you need to fold the blanks with an accordion with a strip width of about one centimeter. One of the sides is sharpened with scissors. We open the accordion and glue the leaves to the stem. The flower is ready. Roses made of colored paper A bouquet of such flowers will be a wonderful decoration for any interior, because you will choose the size and color yourself. As additional decorative elements you can use sequins, rhinestones, ribbons and beads. Making flowers in the technique suggested below is so easy, simple and exciting that you yourself will not notice how the house will be filled with beautiful and original bouquets. Materials and tools:
- Color double-sided paper;
- Floral wire;
- Glue (glue gun).
Cut the paper into squares. From each one flower will turn out, so the number of squares will depend on how much magnificent bouquet you will get. The larger the square is, the larger the size of the flower. Now it is necessary to draw a spiral on the paper from the center to the edge. The size of the petals will be determined by the distance between the turns of the spiral. Now we cut out the spiral billet along the lines. From the beginning (the outer edge) we begin to twist the spiral strip into the bud (Figure 3). The last two curls must be left for the base, which will fix from scattering the entire flower. We glue our flower with hot or instant glue (see Figure 4). Hold the flower until the glue is completely solidified (a few seconds). Now it can be attached to a stem made of floristic wire or used for decoration of postcards, etc. If you are planning to make a bouquet, take pieces of wire of the required length. At one end, make a loop. Now it needs to be bent perpendicular to the rest of the stem. It is very convenient to glue flowers to such a wire rod. Experiment. Decorate the bouquet with ribbons or beads. A rose from a napkin A very beautiful rose can be made from an ordinary dining room paper napkin. Since they come in different shades, the flowers will also turn out to be multi-colored. Such crafts will be an excellent decoration of the festive table, and in order to make them only your hands will be needed. The best material for creating such colors will be single-layer wipes. One side of the napkin is bent about 5 cm wide. Grasp this fold and start winding the napkin around your finger, forming a tube. After measuring about a third of the roll from the top with a fold, start tightly twisting it. It will be a stalk. Passing about half the length of the stem, you need to straighten one edge of the napkin - this will be a leaf. Then again, tightly turn the stem to the end. For fixing, you can use a hair spray. It happens with sparkles, so that flowers will receive an additional element of decor.