Lovers to equip their homes are always looking for newand interesting tasks to improve your own home. If you have a country house or a summer residence, you want to make the guests admire this fruit of your work, and your efforts pay off with their emotions. Therefore, masters always try to make their home as attractive as possible. First of all, before you go to a country house or to a dacha, many pay attention to external details. Such a detail can be a veranda of the house. Therefore, you should pay attention to its construction and process this element as correctly as possible. First of all, it is worth asking yourself a question, andis there a need for a verandah and will such a construction make sense? For those who simply want to make themselves another space for pastime, such as a terrace or gazebo, can do with simple options. Terrace - is not only an element of beauty, but also a successful scheme for warming the house. Increases the heat insulation, which in turn, allows you to do something like a "tambour" in front of the house. This significantly reduces the ingress of cold air into the walls of the house and, accordingly, insulates your living space. Of course, this is also a place for recreation, where in the warm, summer evening or cold, winter days you can spend time in nature. So, let's try to figure out how the veranda is done and what we need for this.
Element of decor
The veranda is one of the main parts of the building. Therefore, in the first place, it is worth paying special attention to the appearance of the veranda. Particular attention should be paid to the color scheme and materials that will be used for work so that the verandah does not look too contrasted against the backdrop of your home.
Of course, the veranda allows combinations of materials,if a finishing element is used. For example, your house is made of bricks. It is necessary to preserve the appearance of the same roof covering, but the veranda can be made from various blocks using an exterior decoration element with decorative plaster. It can also be used to decorate the main building, that is, the house. For a wooden house, a wooden veranda is exactly right.
Planning an object
So, to build a veranda, first of allwill need a project. The veranda is constructed in such a way that it is an intermediate room between the entrance door. Therefore, you can not attach a veranda where there is no door. If this room is detached from the key part of the house, access to it will be available only through the open space. The size for the veranda is selected in accordance with the wishes of the tenants. If your family is big, but you want to share everything together for a celebration, or for a joint holiday, it's worth considering spacious verandas. For the family in the form of 5 people enough verandas in the amount of 3-by 4 meters. Also, you need to consider the area of your territory, as well as the view from the street. Too big a veranda for a small house will look, at least, not in proportion.
Layout of the area for the veranda
After we decided on the sizeverandah and its style, it is necessary to make the preparation of the site. In this case, we need to remove from the area where the veranda will be covered with fertile soil. In most cases, it's about fifteen centimeters. Then, the platform is leveled and after, we proceed to the stakeout element. Using our project, we are marking the border, for the future location of the veranda. After using iron-type pins or pegs made of wood, we arrange them along necessary points and pull the twine element.
Preparing the foundation
For the foundation of our veranda we will consider twothe most popular solutions in Russia. This is either a strip foundation or a columnar foundation. In this case, it is not recommended to make a monolith of these areas, so as not to bind them together. All this is due to the fact that the dimensions and weight of the verandah will differ from the building and accordingly, they will have a different shrinkage parameter. Moreover, in order that the heavy elements of the building do not stretch behind the construction of the veranda, it is necessary to make a base of a separate type for the veranda. The gap of 4 centimeters is enough to ensure that nothing terrible has happened. Pay attention to the fact that you need to consider the possibilities of your soil and the features of the place where you are. Pay special attention to the weight of the building in accordance with these parameters. If the work is not done correctly, the foundation will "walk" and accordingly, the verandah will move away from the walls of your house. This will also help get rid of various shrinkage.
If you use a strip foundation
- Suitable for large verandah types (Bricks, blocks covered with heavy type roofing)
- Suitable for building blocks of concrete
Belt foundation is perfect for"Heavy verandas." To perform this action, it is necessary to excavate the trench in accordance with the size of the foundation of the house, then we use the formwork element in height, and then, equal in height to the future element of our foundation. This can be done using boards that are lined up like a shield. Then, the concrete is prepared in the form of proportions:
- 1 part for cement composition
- 3 parts for sand composition
- 6 pieces for rubble
Next, we pour the first layer of our concrete underThe bottom is made with stones. It is necessary to get the value in the form of 10 centimeters. Next, we fill the next portion of the concrete layer and also add stones. Under the top layer, we do not use stones, but level the surface with a trowel, which is left until the material cools in the form of 3 or 4 days. If the street is hot, then several times a day the foundation is spilled, so that there is no reason to crack your foundation.
If you use a columnar foundation
- Suitable for houses with frame or wood base
- It is necessary to dig holes below the depth where the soil freezes
- As a light veranda, there are enough posts in the corners
- For a large veranda make intermediate poles in the form of 50-60 centimeters of step
The column foundation is made of concreteblocks, or blocks of stone and red bricks. To do this, you need to dig holes, then, at the bottom of each of the holes pour a layer of sand into 20 centimeters. Then, pour concrete to the level of the surface of the earth cover and wait until the cooldown will occur. After, it is necessary to smear the pillars with bitumen and fill the gap between these elements with the help of sand. The column of the above-ground part is formed from block or brick masonry. It must be brought to the size of the main foundation (height) or slightly below this height. For the flooring of the veranda, a perimeter of 30 centimeters should remain.
We perform the rough floor.
For this we need to fill the necessarythe amount of underground space with the help of expanded clay, which is necessary as a heat-insulating element. Then, using the foundation, we cover it with a double layer of ruberoid (suitable for those foundations, which were mentioned earlier). Then, use the anchoring of the foundation lag using the antiseptic. After, use the flooring element with the help of edging boards in the size of a thickness of up to 5 centimeters. Lags must be soaked in the composition of the antiseptic. Also, you can make a concrete type of floor, but in this case, it is necessary to work on additional insulation, as the base will attract the coldness of the land cover. Thus, the floor will always be very cold.
Frame for wooden verandah type
Next, we will consider a separate versionthe construction of the veranda from the wooden element. To do this, we need a skeleton, which will be executed from the bars. The size of the bar will be 10 by 10 centimeters. To begin with, we will need to put these bars on the rough floor in order to perform the lower strapping. Then, connect them in a corner under the "direct lock" and cut out in the bars for every 50 centimeters special elements of the grooves in order to put vertical uprights. After you put them, they need to be fixed using nails or staples. After, using the top of the rack, a bar is attached, which is used for the upper strapping. After that, the roof slope for the future of the house is nailed with the help of a beam-run. On this element will be located rafters. Their nazo take with the help of anchor bolts (And also those structures that are adjacent to our building) After, we mount the truss system, and the tree is processed with an antiseptic compound. The bars for the straps are laid using a foundation, where the waterproofed element of the roofing material is located.
Working on the roof.
So, the most common option is a roof typeone-sided. In this case, they look more sloping than the roof on the house. To create a roofing pie, you need to perform the same scheme on the veranda that is performed to install the roof in an ordinary house. This means that the rafters need to fill in solid or intermittent laths, using the proportions of the roofing type of the coating. In the veranda there are no reasons to put an element of vapor barrier, as the cover space will not be used by you. If the insulation of wall elements or the floor is used, the vapor barrier is not recommended. In order for the steam to leave, it is enough to make a special layer of the superdiffusion membrane. This element will not allow moisture from the outside, but the steam will pass safely. True, this element is not suitable for steel or metal coating, because of the rusting process.
Installing walls and windows
After you have prepared the rough floors andprepared the frame, you can make the process of sewing. To do this, leave openings for windows and doors. For such an operation, it is necessary to leave special window-sills in the future location of these elements. They should have their appointment at least half a meter from the distance of the floor. After, we fix the board according to the parameter of the vertical stand. Afterwards, we make the stitching of the frame, which will help to keep heat on the veranda and at the same time, approach the appearance of the main building. Inside, such an element can be ordinary plywood, but in the inner part - to be a wagon. At the same time, for the outer part as a decorative object you can use a tree or siding. In this case, between them it is necessary to lay a film of waterproofing, or heaters, at least on both sides for this reinforcement. It is necessary that moisture and steam waste do not enter the terrace. Window openings also need to be inserted. And then, adjust the windows and doors. Also, the door must be placed not directly in front of the door to the house to avoid various drafts. Therefore, the door of the veranda is better to put on the end, or where cold air will not find access to the house. In general, on this work with the improvement of the appearance of the house, the creation of another "summer room" is over!