Homeland shawls consider India and its appearancedate the XV century. In the north-west, in Kashmir for many hundreds of years bred a goat with amazingly delicate hair. From it created the finest veils, which were the male part of the wardrobe. Such a thing cost fabulous money, because several weavers made it for three years. The history of the shawl journey through Europe begins in the second half of the 18th century, thanks to the fashion for apparel in the Greek style. Light air dresses similar in style to the Greek tunic came to replace the heavy, with a lot of scarfs and lace outfits. France has always been a trendsetter, and with the light hand of Empress Josephine, Napoleon's wife, ladies' wardrobes were filled with ephemeral coquettish toilets in Empire style from the talented tailor Leroy. However, such clothes did not warm at all, despite the fact that the climate of most European countries was cool and windy. And after the Egyptian campaign of Napoleon, which brought as a gift to his wife Josephine, a famous fashion trendsetter, several cashmere shawls, these products have become insanely popular. After all, against the background of simple light dresses warm shawls not only warmed the beauties in the lungs of Greek clothes for colds, but also served as an additional accessory that resembled a Greek cloak. Now you can find a shawl with a very different composition of yarn and all sorts of patterns. Dense and openwork, square, triangular or semicircular. Any of them can be created with your own hands with the help of a hook. This article will reveal some of the secrets andknitting crochet shawls and, then make them be able even beginners in needlework. Shawl shape. On the Internet and knitting magazines are laid out a lot of schemes of various shawls. The most common are rectangular, triangular or semicircular. The last option looks great, because it does not have sharp corners. Such a shawl can successfully replace the bolero or cape. Choosing a pattern. It is important to remember that patterns designed for knitting rectangular shawls may not be suitable for semi-circular or triangular shawls. Therefore, for those who are just learning to crochet, the best option will be to tie the shawl to a ready-made scheme. Rectangular shawls are knitted both in length and width. Triangular variants can be associated with one lower element with the addition of loops to the desired size, or linked to a decrease from the desired width of the shawl. If the shawl is made of individual elements, its shape can be any. All motifs in such shawls can be attached to each other during the binding of the last row of the element, or bound together by a single cloth after the creation of all the details. Semicircular shawls begin with tying half of the circle with a uniform and symmetrical addition of loops, it is important to carefully monitor the number of loops, so that the shawl is not pricked and twisted. If some shawl liked, but the pattern seems too complicated, save the outline and description, and when you master the basic knowledge and create your first product, you will be able to return to the vantage point or even several. Of course, shawls, like many other things, are divided by the seasons and seasons. If it is necessary to link a light fishnet variant, which will be rather an effective addition and a highlight of the image, than saving from cold weather, then it is better to choose a thread with a high content of cotton, silk or flax. For warmer winter-autumn variants, one should choose yarn from a mixture of wool and cotton, acrylic or another additional thread. Such products will be warm enough and, at the same time, non-sticky, they are more convenient to take care of, and shawls of such mixed yarn are more durable. It should be remembered that the attracted yarn will not always look good in a particular pattern. For multi-colored threads of saturated colors, it is better to choose a simple and uncomplicated figure, while ornate and openwork patterns will look great in a monophonic design. When choosing a hook, there is only one indispensable condition - its size should be close to the chosen yarn. Most often, the label of the thread indicates the size of the hook. If there was no such marking, it is enough to measure the diameter of the head of the hook in the thinnest place, it must coincide with the diameter of the thread. When the threads, the hook and the shawl pattern are selected, before knitting the whole product, you should tie a small pattern with the selected pattern, about 10x10 cm or, if the shawl is knitted from individual elements, tie a 1 motif. This is necessary in order to calculate the size of the shawl more accurately, because the density of knitting is different for everyone. Here is presented a master class for knitting triangular shawls (the extension of the canvas is due to the addition of loops) with a remarkable pattern of "crocodile skin" or it is also called "scales". With the fact that knitting used the mostSimple loops - a column with a crochet and an airy loop, shawls tied with scales, look great and unusual. This is the most versatile option, in which the product looks equally wonderful and from monophonic yarn, and from sectional dye yarn. Another undoubted plus - the thickness of the thread for this shawl can be quite any. Of the finer yarn, it will simply be a more filigree work, while from thick and fluffy threads the shawl will be more comfortable. You can decorate it with fringe, brushes, any ornament on the edge, which will come to mind. It should be noted that the shawl is still larger in size than the napkin or cap, so the stock of threads should be initially large, because experienced craftsmen know that yarn, bought from one manufacturer, of the same brand, and the same color in different batches can differ in shades. Therefore, it is better to let after the manufacture of shawls remain a little thread. Of these, you can then link the podstavochku under a cup or detail of a pretty plaid. Knitting shawls begins with one of the lowest scales. It is typed 5 v.p. and is closed in a ring by a connecting column. 3 bpp and 4 tbsp are administered. сн into the center of the ring, then 1 в.п. and 5 tbsp. sn is also in the center of the ring. The first scales were obtained. Before starting to tie the scales of the seconda number of necessary to connect the basis for them - a series of columns with a crochet. In general, each row of shawls seems to be tied twice. The first time is the foundation, and the second is the scales themselves. It is recruited 3 ppp, 1 tbsp. сн from the same loop of the base, 1 cp, 1 tbsp. sn in the connecting column, which closed the ring of 5 bp, 1 bp, 2 tbsp. from the third lifting loop of the previous row. Now we have a number of bases for tying two scales. A long loop for the first st. sn (or 3 vpp are tied) and the first flake is grounded, as a "body" of 2 tbsp. is used. сн from one base, 1 connecting column in 1 tbsp. a number of bases are removed and a scaly coat is again applied. For more mobile scales, the connecting column between them can not be tied, but simply stretch the loop, as shown in the figure with a red arrow. The next series of the basics will begin with 3 bp., then 1 tbsp. сн from the same loop of the base, then 1 stp, 1 tbsp. sn between the two halves of the scales, 1 cp, 2 tbsp. sn with one base in the connecting column between the scales, 1 stp, 1 tbsp. sn between the two halves of the next flake, 1 st, 2 tbsp. сн из первого ст. sn extreme flakes. A number of the base is ready, in this row there will already be 3 flakes. Is transmitted further according to the scheme, to the desired size. Here are a few options for this shawl. It is easy and simple to knit, and in the finished form it will look so original and beautiful that you will soon have many people who want to get something like that.