The main points in the classes of modeling with kids five and six years, recommendations for work.
Modeling is an amazing creative process. This occupation is a pleasure for people of different ages. For adults, it's just a pleasant hobby, and for children, modeling exercises are of great developmental importance. In the process of modeling crafts, toddlers work with palms and fingers, improve fine motor skills, memory, imagination, spatial thinking. Learn the understanding of form, proportion and symmetry. Kids six years already have experience working with various plastic materials, such as clay, plasticine or dough. Have knowledge of the basic methods of modeling. Their life experience has increased, and, consequently, crafts have become more diverse. The muscles of the arms grew stronger, attention became more stable, memory and imagination developed. Kids already know how to imagine an object, and then create it. The visual control of the babies has improved, and the movements in the work have become more accurate. At the same time, when creating crafts, children do not always follow the aesthetics of images. Deepening, when pulling out small details of crafts, the kids do not correct, content with external similarity indicators - the head is round, the legs are thick sausages. In the time that would be needed to correct the errors, the kids mold another piece, for example, a saucer of milk for a ready-made cat. Six-year-olds have more formedvisual images than in children of the middle group, so their crafts are much more often depicting dynamics. But this is not thought out in advance, but simply obtained later, as a result of a mechanical change in the arrangement of legs or feet in animals and humans. For example, the kid made a dog from plasticine and put his paws more firmly than necessary. This image reminded him of a dog that runs, then the crumb hardens the paws of the dog and tells the teacher that the dog runs to play. The tasks continue in the middle group. They are set to teach the child during the creation of crafts to reveal the characteristic shape, proportions, details and structure of the object, how it looks in motion. New methods and methods of modeling are aimed to convey the image of the shape of the sculpting object, as accurately as possible. As always, the first classes are aimed atimage of already known objects, from one piece and from separately molded details. The emphasis is on the fingers. To convey the specificity of the forms as accurately as possible, children need to sculpt several objects. It can be different in form vegetables, for example, carrots and beets. Children are already familiar with their forms and all attention will be directed to the transfer of characteristic features and details. The general outlines of babies mold the palms, and the nature of the form is transmitted with the help of fingers and stacks. All autumn, children create little men and animals,as a whole piece, and from individual parts. For the first option, you can choose a folk toy - a cockerel, a whistle or a doll. In the process of molding, shapes and proportions are specified. Here is a pupa, the head is small, and the body looks like a cone and the handle of a sausage. Models of folk toys teach laconism in the image, as well as decorating with nalopami and painting, and also serve as the first lessons modeling from nature. Babies in this period consolidate the existing knowledge and get some new, for more interesting projects. In the winter months, babies are taught the transfer of such features of the object as long and meek, thick and thin, setting the figure vertically, observing the proportionality of parts, tight attachment of parts and smoothing the junction points. Having fixed, the knowledge gained earlier, it is possible to pass to a new in modeling - figurines standing on legs. This work is much more complicated than the work on the stand, you should pay attention to the kids that the legs of the figure should be thick and dense. Children can dazzle a little man in winter clothes. The head and the body are molded from one piece, and then the handles and legs are attached, tightly fitting the joints. It is also necessary to pay attention to the details. You can put a little man on the head of a hat, make a fur collar of several plasticine sausages. Figures in dynamics are welcome. Let the little man in a hat roll a snowball for a snowman. In the lessons of the winter months included the creation of little animalsand a gradual preparation for the modeling of the plot of several figures. First, crumbs mold one kitty, and later kittens will join it. Children aged 5 - 6 years already know a lot, so the requirements for the accuracy of the forms and proportionality of the elements are increased, and the occupation continues to work on modeling the movement. Small detachki naleplayutsya on the base, or drawn from it. Here's the cockerel. His beard can be pulled out of the mass of the head, and tail, wings and scallop dazzle separately and stick to the body. Kids six years can already make dishes. At lessons the teacher suggests to make a vessel from a whole piece of clay or plasticine, using the motives of folk ceramic products. More attention is paid to beautiful decoration of the edges and decor. Just kids can make beads, different saucers or trays. In the spring of the third quarter, the theme for modeling is moving, dynamic figures, for example, stories from fairy tales. Children learn a new method of modeling dishes. To the cake-bottom attached tape, flattened from the cylinder. You can get a cup or glass. In the summer months, the kids fix the methods of modeling already studied, make crafts, which can then be used for playing. You can make chickens and chickens, little men or characters of famous fairy tales. Tasks are sometimes asked by the teacher, and sometimes the children choose the topic of the story themselves. In the classes of modeling of five- and six-year-olds, the creation of hand-made articles from nature is actively used. For babies this is difficult, because their work must be constantly compared with the sample. For such work, you must first carefully read the object of modeling. It is better to arrange baby in small groups of 3 to 4 people and put or put the object of modeling on all tables for familiarization and detailed study. The teacher tells and demonstrates the proportionality and form of the individual details of the object, then asks the kids, concentrating their attention on the characteristic features of the object and the methods of their transfer in modeling. If the children are experiencing difficulties, the teacher shows the necessary methods and methods of modeling, and the kids begin to sculpt. The main task of modeling is the development of independence in creating the image seen before and the creative approach to the already familiar methods of modeling. The teacher observes with the kids for living objects modeling (different little animals), reads them literature with pictures, they consider small sculptures or toys and handicrafts of folk crafts. All this is offered to children so that they can later make a work on the chosen topic. There is a fairy tale about Kolobok, the children should remember well the animals that Kolobok met to blend them later. In plot modeling, objects that are already familiar to kids are used, so explain how to sculpt them is not required. Preliminary preparation will consist in examining the subject or reading a fairy tale about him. The attention of the children is drawn to the shape of the object of modeling. When discussing at the beginning of the lesson, the teacher specifies the arrangement of the figures in the composition. Here is a cat with kittens. Here is a stand, how the kittens and the cat are located on it. Original and interesting stories should be encouraged. During the lesson, the teacher carefully watches how the children transmit the shape of the subject, the proportions and the whole composition as a whole. The teacher directs the children to questions if they find it difficult. Here are the kittens, what are they doing? How to arrange the kittens to make it clear that they are playing. You can show an illustration. To maintain interest and good moodthe teacher can tell a poem or a fairy tale. The works should demonstrate the bright features of the object of modeling (in shape and proportions) in a concise and concise manner. The analysis of the work at the end of the lesson is especially important for the children of the older group. It takes place in the form of a conversation. The teacher asks about the shape and proportions of objects that are blind, what methods were used, etc., if the craft was created on presentation. If sculpted from life, the teacher concentrates the attention of the children on the image of the form and observance of proportions, suggests comparing the craft with the nature. Crafts for children are evaluated as follows: first the idea, then the shape and proportions, the dynamics and ways of modeling.