Types of embroidery: an overview of the variety handmade art

Types of embroidery: an overview of the variety handmade art


In this article, we suggest you familiarize yourself with the variety of species existing embroideries.
We are with you look at how widespread and well known to all crafts and especially of national kinds of creativity around the world.

smooth surface
machine embroidery

Popular types and methods of embroidery

smooth surface
Since ancient times, embroidery masters decorate clothes, bed linen, towels, tablecloths. To work only requires a needle, thread and base properly chosen thickness.
Cross and half-cross
This type of embroidery does not require special skills. But it requires special needles: blunt and better with oval, gold-plated ear. You can embroider
or wool, canvas or on special canvas, flax. Cross stitch decorate clothing, purses, bed linen, embroidered paintings.
This embroidery is also called delicate harmony. cutwork technique requires patience, accuracy and perseverance. For fabric need not be subjected to strain, and special needles. The technique cutwork embroidered collars, blouses, bed linen.
Hemstitch, bar, split flooring and goat
Kind of eyelets through whichprocessed edges of napkins, tablecloths, bed linen. To require dense fabric pulled off in one direction yarns. The remaining strands arranged into a variety of patterns. This so-called "countable embroidery", in which it is necessary to count the number of strands involved.
machine embroidery
Using special
You can create decorations for clothes and decor of the room. embroidery technique originally programmed, and only need to select their favorite species.

Less well-known kinds of embroidery

Diamond embroidery
Sutazhnaya embroidery
"Buti" (BUTIS)

Rather, it resembles a mosaic. For such embroidery need tweezers, a ruler, a ready set of "diamonds" and the canvas, which can be purchased at almost any store sewing.
bright, catchy. Products made in the technique of embroidery are striking in their beauty. "Diamond" picture will adorn any interior.
Nitkografiya or Izon
The pattern of the thread is carried out on cardboard, velvet paper. Performed in this technique postcards, paintings, jewelry boxes are unusual and beautiful.
Sutazhnaya embroidery
For the manufacture of jewelry in sutazhnoy Technologyneed a flat stone, felt, beads, or beads, the cord, a needle and thread. Pendants and decorations made in this technique, original and unique.
The basis is a stitch seam "rococo": a tightly wound thread on a thin needle and gently pulled, creating a twisted stitch.
This sewing has come to us from Italy. Secret amazingly beautiful curtains, canopies, capes in infinitely repeating patterns, embroidered a simple stitch and placed parallel to each other.
Buti (BUTIS)

Performed by white thread on white two layers of the same fabric. In the future, the space between the layers is filled with thick filaments and forms a convex pattern.
The original technique of embroidery, in which you can only use the squares, diamonds or rectangles, expressing through strict form their vision of the world.

Monochrome embroidery
Proreznaya embroidery
Black vyshivika
Strochevaya embroidery
Brazilian embroidery monochrome embroidery
Using only one color of yarn, but different thicknesses, or diluted base color a few shades, it is possible to obtain an expressive and vivid picture.
Proreznaya embroidery
- Short circuit pattern is applied stitches is slit down the middle and the edges are trimmed with the same neat stitches.
Black embroidery
This embroidery is done in black with thin threads on white or light-colored fabrics, and the pattern is not completely filled. The combination of black and white pieces forms an amazing effect.
Strochevaya embroidery
This openwork embroidery technique is based on thefilling in the grid pattern. Sewing like lace. Strochevaya embroidery in the form of ribbons used to decorate clothing, bed linen, tablecloths. On larger jobs typically repeated sewing of a square in a square. Strochevaya embroidery is quite diverse: large and small, white and color.
Brazilian embroidery
This embroidery is a type of bulkembroidery. The principal difference is that Brazilian embroidery is done with artificial silk. The predominance of motifs of flowers, fruits and animals doing the work in the technique of Brazilian embroidery bright, colorful and alive.

Embroidery with the use of special materials

Embroidery paillettes
embroidered sequins
Embroidery beads
Embroidery Sashes Beadwork
Bead embroidered national costumes, purses, cosmetic bags, hats and simply elegant clothes, embroidered paintings.
With sequins decorate garments, bags, costumes.
Sew rhinestones are widely used when decorating clothes, costumes for performances, purses, handbags.
Just like beads, sequins and rhinestones used for decoration and embroidery paintings, as well as create a fringe.
For a better use of canvas embroidery, ribbons can also be very different: silk, satin, nylon, and even corrugated. Tapestry needles are needed with a wide eye and a blunt tip.
Silk on silk
One of the most beautiful and the most complicated embroidery came tous from ancient China. Masters at that time used the "needles, thin as a hair." Refined and elegant double-sided embroidery looks the same on both sides.

Embroidery silk
embroidered wool
The embroidery hook
Metallic embroidery thread
Wool Embroidery appliktsiey
Using a special needle embroidery wool and combining different stitches can be easily and quickly to embroider beautiful three-dimensional paintings, decorate garments.
With a conventional hook and thread the floss can be decorated with patterns or colors of makeup, purse, needle bar, napkins and tablecloths.
Metallic thread
Metal filaments made frompolyester base and a braid of thin wire or foil, thick but flexible. Therefore, they are often sewn on top of the fabric, decorating garments, bags, wallets.
embroidered appliqué
Tabbing pieces of cloth on the basis of their sheathing different stitches or cords can decorate garments, bags.

Russian folk types of embroidery

Krestetsky embroidery
Permogorskaya painting
Petrikovskaya painting
Gorodets golden embroidery
Olonets Krestetsky openwork embroidery (Novgorod)
One of the most complex openwork embroidery, based on the interweaving of coarse grid pattern and performed by specially trained snovochnym threads.
Permogorskaya painting
Embroidery repeats colorful drawings old
, Still admired its picturesque and cheerfulness.
Petrikovskaya painting
Fairy Petrikov painting, giving a second life to the inhabitants of nature, embodied in this embroidery.
Gorodets golden embroidery
Ancient and unique gold embroidery Gorodetsmasters served as clothes decoration in the wealthy merchant families. Such clothes were stored and transferred by inheritance, as a real jewel.
Olonets sewing
The emerging in the Russian North, sewing with white threads on white canvas is. The finished product is a silhouette, located on the grid.
Orlovsky call list
Ancient embroidery, performed without knots and,mostly red threads. According to ancient legend, masters embroidered patterns, formed in the winter on the window panes. From this flow pattern, plenty of circles and spirals.
Gzhel, Khokhloma
Embroidery repeated patterns of ancient Russian paintings and executed in color, characteristic for each of them.
Nizhny Novgorod guipure
Amazingly beautiful ornament is obtained by
with square cells. Using only the white thread and filigree delicacy made of Nizhny Novgorod guipure recognized around the world.
Kadomsky veniz
Russian masters of Kadoma trained Venetian nuns, creating a unique fairy-tale embroidery: Delicate lace adorning clothes nobles.

Orlovsky call list
Embroidery gzhel
Nizhny Novgorod guipure
Kadomsky veniz Types embroidery using different types of stitches

So sheathe seam edge of the fabric, placing them perpendicular to the hem.
The seam forms a series of tightly adjacent to each other oblique stitches.

A continuous series of loops, which is the basis of such a seam is used for sewings along the contour of the more complex patterns.
It is used for the formation of flowers or other sewings embroidery core.
So tight seam to cut the loops embroidered rugs and cloaks.
Executed with thick thread, seam consists of eight stitches, creating a spiral ring. Sometimes, in the center of the same pattern are placed.

Embroidery loopy seam
Stitch seam stalk
Embroidery knots
Embroidered velvet seam
Seam "Spiral"

National kinds of embroidery

"Kryuil" Embroidery
Bukhara embroidery
Shvalmskaya embroidery
Embroidery "Shisha" Kryuil (England)
A feature embroidery, emerged more than fouryears ago, it is the use of yarn suite of two strands of different thicknesses. The price of this yarn was very high and similar to embroidery could afford only the aristocracy.
Bukhara gold embroidery
Luxurious and refined Bukhara gold embroidery can not be confused with anything else. So far in the East are highly prized embroidered skull-caps, shoes, costumes.
Shvalmskaya (Germany)
Shvalmskaya embroidered white thread on white recognizable by the use of simple motifs of flowers and animals and stylized "tree of life".
Shisha (India)
The original and unusual type of embroidery in whichused broken glass paneled mirrors, mica, sequins. In the old days, people used the poor even shiny insect wings. In this way, decorate the bottom of skirts, lapels, purses and cosmetic bags.
Trapunto (Italy)
Volume, stuffed embroidery, which decorate handbags, purses, outerwear. With this technique, the stitches outline convex silhouette.
Pull-cord lace (Romania)
When this technique is laid lace pattern, andthe free space is filled by means of thread and a needle. Sami cords vyvyazyvayut hook. Inserts of backoff lace adorn dresses, handbags, belts.
Vichy or "chicken foot" (Switzerland)
For such embroidery fabric used in the cell. Bark its variety of stitches, you can simulate the delicate and original lace fabric.
Hedeby (Denmark)
Embroidery is done on the same linen cloth linen thread, with the cut of the pattern framed by a variety of seams.

Embroidery "Trapunto"
Romanian backoff lace
Embroidery "Vichy"
Embroidery "Hedeby" Japanese kinds of embroidery
Embroidery "Kogin"
Embroidery "Sachiko"
"Kinusayga" Kogin
The main motive of the embroidery is a diamond, performed with white thread on blue cloth.
Interlocking ordinary seams "forward needle", connecting several layers of fabric, was originally intended to strengthen the clothes, making it a multi-layered and warm.
temari Balls
To create a wonderfully bright ball neededharvesting and any multi-colored yarn. Obvivaya ball slices in different directions, keeping the symmetry of the figure, you can get a great decoration or a toy.
Art Embroidery paintings small silk pieces come from ancient Japan, where it was used for the old kimono.

Video: embroidery with golden threads