We learn to understand the patterns of knitting with knitting needles: general conventions Most for some reason believe that knitting is a simpler kind of needlework than crocheting. And also, that it is possible to connect more "simple" products with knitting needles. This article will help you to understand that with the help of knitting needles, knowing how to correctly read and understand knitting patterns, you can create original beautiful things that will not yield in anything to a crocheted hook. Therefore, the first step in the way of creating a unique product with knitting needles is precisely the ability to understand the schematic symbols. That's what we'll do in this article. Before proceeding to the detailed examinationwith all kinds of symbols, I want to note that the circuit always needs to be read from the bottom to the top. Rows are read in turn: first from the left side to the right, then vice versa. Circular rows should always be read from the right to the left. Repeats have the property of repeating in width. In height, the row repeats in the same way as it is indicated in additional notations near the main circuit. If the circuit does not contain edge loops, then to create an edge from the "knots" or "chains", they must be created additionally. If you see a large, fat vertical line in the diagram, then there is a rapport between these designations, which must be repeated when knitting. Loops that are outside the lines are considered extreme, they must be created only in the initial and final parts of the row. Probably, even those novice masters whonever worked with knitting needles, they know that this kind of knitting is based on working with two basic types of loops - facial and purl. Here with them, perhaps, and we will begin. The face loop of the Thread when creating such a loop must pass behind the canvas. To make a face loop, it is necessary to hold the spoke through the eyelet, which is on the spoke on the left, moving from the left side to the right. Picking up the main thread from the index finger, hold it through the loop, and then the loop that formed, you need to translate on the spoke on the right side. The thread loop of Thread at creation of suchloop must pass before the blade. To make a face loop, it is necessary to hold the right spoke through the eyelet, moving from the right side to the left. Then make a knitting thread, as it can be seen in the photo. The resulting new curl must be passed through the eyelet located on the left spoke, and the new loop that has turned out must be transferred to the spoke that is on the right side. Very popular in the process of knittingare nakids. Nakid To create a napkin, it is necessary before making a subsequent loop in the front row, to make the main thread of the main thread on the right side - an additional loop will be obtained. Then in the purl stripe you will knit as a back loop. If you place such holes in a certain order, then it is possible to create an interesting openwork pattern. And if you want to create a wider hole, then you need to make the 2nd or 3rd crochet. You need to create them very carefully, because once lost, your further pattern will deteriorate. In addition to the standard facial and purl loops, there are also crossed front and back straps. They are called so because their walls are crossed at the base. Therefore they are more complicated than simple loops. Facial loop (crossed) To create such athe shape of the eyelet, it is necessary to draw the right needle through the eyelet located on the spoke on the left, moving from the right side to the left. At the same time, we grab the main thread, stretch it through the loop, and then translate it to the right of the knitting needle. In other words, the crossed loop is created in the same way as the standard front, but the thread is held behind the back wall, and not behind the front. Wrong loop (crossed) To createthis kind of loop, it is necessary to hold the right spoke through the eyelet located on the spoke on the left, moving from the right side to the left. The main thread is in front of the eyelet. Then grab the thread, stretch it through the loop, and then translate it to the right of the knitting needle. By changing the standard order of the loops, you can create a beautiful pattern. Among the symbols in this case you can find the following: Face loops with a shift to the right Face tabs with left shift Wrong tabs with right shift Wrong tabs with left shift In order to shorten the loops inpattern, it is necessary at the same time to bind several loops together. If you connect 2 loops together, then in the pattern will be reduced 1 loop, if you associate 3 loops together, then the pattern will be reduced by 2 loops and so on. 2 tabs together face (tilt to the right) To create 2 stitches together facial with a slope to the right side, it is necessary to take the main thread and create a loop, directing from yourself. Thus, there will be a deviation to the right side. Then we carry out resetting the loops from the left knitting needle. 2 tabs together face (tilt to the left) Tocreate 2 eyelets together with the front facing to the left, it is necessary to remove the first of the 2 loops from the knitting needles, then turn them over and return them to the left knitting needle. Hold the right knitting needle in 2 eyelets, directing them from the right side to the left. In doing so, you need to capture the main thread, directing it from yourself. Then pull out the eyelet. Thus, there will be a deviation to the left. Then we carry out resetting the loops from the left knitting needle. 2 loops together purl (tilt to the right)In order to create two loops together in the wrong direction with a slope to the right side, it is necessary to translate 2 loops from the left to the right knitting needle (the working thread is in front of the blade), change places, insert the spoke (right) into the loop data in the direction from the left to the right. In doing so, you need to capture the main thread, directing it from yourself. Then pull out the eyelet. Thus, there will be a deviation to the right side. 2 loops together purl (tilt to the left)To create two loops together in the wrong side with a slope to the left, it is necessary to hold the right knitting needle under the main thread in 2 loops that are on the left-hand spine. In doing so, you need to capture the main thread, directing it from yourself. Then pull out the eyelet. Thus, there will be a deviation to the left. Then we carry out resetting the loops from the left knitting needle. We are closing the loops. Making anyThe product with the help of spokes always ends with the closing of the loops. There are various ways to do this. The most popular is the standard method, as a result of which the edge of the thing will look like a "pigtail" and will not be stretched excessively. In order to close the loops in this way, it is necessary to create an edge loop in the front part of the front row and then to tie it together with the front one, grabbing the rear wall. As a result, one eyelet appears on the right side of the needle. It is necessary to make a throw on the spoke on the left, tie it together with a subsequent eyelet, do so until all the eyelets of the final row are closed. To ensure the fastening, it is necessary to makepulling the edge of the cut thread through the final loop. Thus, we have got acquainted with the basic conventions that will be useful to you when knitting with knitting needles. But the most common symbols from magazines: And I would like to dwell onJapanese schemes. Most likely, each needlewoman had such cases, when she found an interesting scheme, but she has Japanese notation. But Japanese magazines often offer very original and beautiful products. And it would be very insulting not to create them just because we do not understand the conventional symbols. First Japanese magazines submit a description of the necessary yarn. Such an icon denotes yarn threads. The most common Japanese skeins are yarns of twenty-five and forty grams. Then a description of the working spokes is given. This symbol indicates the tools needed during the mating process. In this table there are reliable numbers of Japanese spokes. It is on them should be guided when picking their own spokes. After this, there is a symbol that indicates the size of the finished product. Then follows the density of the mating. But the symbol, which indicates the scale of the product. Under this icon is placed the number of rows and loops required to create a pattern in the size of ten by ten centimeters. In the table below we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the most important symbols of Japanese schemes that will help you create a beautiful product with your own hands.