Probably, many in the childhood molded in a sandboxvarious kulichiki in the form of turtles, bunnies and much more. And of course, almost all mothers know how difficult it is to clean the carpeting and wallpaper from plasticine, because many young sculptors and artists are happy to mold different crafts from plastic materials, clay, plasticine, and dough. This fun activity has not only entertaining, but also very great developmental value. While doing modeling, kids use in their work and palms, and fingers, which has a beneficial effect on fine motor skills. It in turn affects the development of the right brain, memory, imagination and creativity. At the same time, fashioning a variety of crafts from plasticine, dough or clay, the kids learn the concentration of attention and perseverance. All these skills will be useful for crumbs in preparation for school. You can begin to sculpt with the children of the younger group of the kindergarten, for about three years. Kids at this age understand perfectlyverbal guidance to action from adults and can repeat a wide range of manipulations shown. Three-year-olds already have enough baggage of tactile experience and the ability to distinguish between basic geometric shapes. This is all a great start for practicing modeling. The very first step is to get acquainted with the raw material for modeling. The most environmentally friendly and safe for children natural clay, plasticine and dough. There is also a special mass for molding, it is softer than plasticine, and small baby handles will easily cope with it. Modern producers produce plasticine on plant basis, it is safe for children, even if they try to bite off a piece. If the child works with ordinary plasticine it is necessary to control that he does not rub his eyes with dirty handles and does not try to swallow a piece. All kids react differently to materials for molding, some clay or other raw materials will not like it, someone will gladly grind or smear it. It is better to introduce the children, visually performing simple actions. Show them a piece of clay and plasticine, tell and demonstrate that you can roll a stick out of them, they are soft, and you can tear off a piece and roll them with your hands. This will be the first learning form-building movement - rolling. This is an important beginning, because at this age the children's movements are not yet too coordinated, and it is difficult for them to work with both handles. At the very beginning, work with clay in the younger group is most often dooizobrazitelnaya, children are mainly interested in the physical properties of the material, softness, plasticity, viscosity. Kids just tear off small pieces of the big, as did the teacher can naleplyat them in one big lump, roll out on a work surface or between the palms. The stage of development passes quickly enough and the pictorial period begins. With these babies usually mold the simplest figures, sticks, balls, etc. The ball can then be flattened with a finger and it will turn out flat cake. To the kids have learned to tailor and control their force applied when rolling out a piece of clay, at first, they are encouraged to roll out the wand, created by educator. Kinesthetic learning component still prevails over the visual in children age 2 - 3 years, so the teacher should tell what actions are necessary to roll out and at the same time, move the handle of the child, showing how to position the palm and work it. The children form the right idea about the sequence and correctness of the actions. After the sausage rolling has been mastered, it is possible to proceed to the next shaping movement - from the stick to make a ringlet. To begin with, you need to show the children a ready ringlet and give a good look, and then demonstrate how it is molded. At the same time, tell the kids that you need to take a stick for the tips and connect them. To say that a ring must necessarily have a hole, so that it is put on a finger or a stick. This all helps the kids learn to control their actions. Then you can go to more complex subjects, for example, to the pyramid. This item kids can make from several rings of different diameters, which they already know. Children before modeling are encouraged to carefully consider the subject (pyramid) from all sides. It is important to provoke interest in the work of the kids. They have a lot of energy and constantly want to do something, so the teacher's phrase that you first need to consider the pyramid, and then create it will cause the crumbs interest. Inspection of the pyramid will show that its whole image can be divided into several main parts and again create a holistic image. This principle must be observed with other objects, first the whole, then its parts and again the whole object. It is also important to establish a connection between the details of the subject and the movements that are necessary to create them. Here there is a wand of a pyramid, the kids already know how to sculpt it, but the ring with a hole that needs to be put on a stick, his kids also know how to sculpt. Children learn new about the subject and remember what they already know how to do. Development of purposeful perception and activation of memory in children is one of the advantages of modeling. Now you can start the creation process. The teacher should supervise the work and direct it with recommendations and questions, for example, what else you need to dazzle for the pyramid except for the stick. The next thing for the image is a mushroom. At lessons on its creation, kids will learn a new movement - flattening. The teacher will show the children that they can take a small lump of plastic material and flatten it between the fingers. Children with such a simple movement will cope. Mushroom is carefully examined. He has a leg and a hat. The leg should be thick enough to hold the hat. The teacher draws the children's attention to the fact that the stick for the leg does not need to be rolled too thinly. Kids learn to control their actions again. The process of modeling can be accompanied by a small story about the mushroom, so the vocabulary of babies will expand. The next thing is a tumbler. This hand-made article consists of two balls of different sizes. For a baby this is a new form. The teacher tells that the head of the tumbler is small, and the body is large, new movements are necessary for their creation - circular ones. To begin with, children can roll in the balls balls made by the tutor, while the teacher directs the movements of the children's hands. So it will be easier for kids to learn complex movements. When they are mastered, it is possible to proceed with the modeling of tumblers. Again it is necessary to consider it as a whole and separate parts. It's worthwhile to make sure that the kids are blinded by balls of different shapes, because children often get carried away. After the titweed is mastered, it is possibleto proceed with the modeling of other more complex objects. The main thing is that they should be very familiar to the kids. On such examples it is easier to consider the details of the subject. An important condition of work is the workplace. It is difficult for such small children to work in a confined space, so the kid at the table can be no more than four and without a working board, let them mold directly on the table. After the figures are done, the teacher with the childrenconsider crafts. Assessments of works can only be positive, so as not to discourage the desire to sculpt further. Crafts are compared with the original, once again the parts and the subject are examined for fixing.