Jewelery exists on earth from the appearance of thefirst person. Ancient people covered themselves with beautiful stones, pieces of bone, fur and wood. Such details served to indicate the status of, for example, the leader, the shaman or the strongest warrior of the tribe. The most beautiful decorations have always been a testament to wealth and high social status. The history of making jewelry from beads is not much younger than the history of the appearance of the first ornaments. In many ancient burials around the world, scientists find crafts made of multi-colored beads and evidence that the ancestor of beads - beads, made of wood, porcelain, made of bones, cast from gold, silver and copper. With the advent of glass and the development of glass making, beads began to be created from it. One of the recognized centers of glassmaking was Venice. The secrets of creating glass were zealously guarded, and the master glassmakers enjoyed special privileges. Beads from Venice spread throughout the world, for which gold was given for exchange, various exotic rare values and even slaves. Gradually, the recipe for making a piece of steel became public. One of the main competitors of the Venetian beads was the Bohemian (Czech Republic). With the development of technology in the modern world, beads are made, as before, from glass, while beads of plastic are not less bright and beautiful. With such incredible, diverse and amazing material, the creation of jewelry from it became a very popular hobby. Thanks to beadwork, as a kind of needlework, craftsmen create surprisingly beautiful and elegant things. Jewelery confidently takes a place among fashion trends, so this article proposes several master classes to create jewelry from beads, namely, harnesses. This wonderful article can be used as a necklace, a necklace or instead of a chain for suspension, long bundles turn into graceful lariates, short can become a bracelet, a detail of the pendant, in general all that will prompt the imagination of the needlewoman. In addition, there is absolutely no need to limit oneself to ordinary beads, special charm and texture of the bundles will be provided by a felling, bugles, twin beads, bioconuses and much more. The first master class is devoted to weaving a thin square bundle. Required:
- A needle and a needle for beads.
In order to make it clear at what timethe sequence of fastening the beads in the master class used beads of different colors. The work will be performed in one thread, therefore, stripping the first 4 beads, it is necessary to move them to one of the ends of the cutting line and tie a knot, closing the beads in a ring. The line comes from one bead of the first row. To string on a fishing line 3 beads and to make a cross, having passed a fishing line with a needle in the same bead of the first row. To pass a line to the next bead of the first circle, to string 2 beads, to cut the line into the tops of the two crosses. Using two yellow beads to attach the tops of the green and red crosses, pass the line according to the scheme in 2 green beads. String 2 blue beads and pass a fishing line with a needle through the tips of a yellow and green cross. Pass the needle into the next green bead,skip one green and pass the corner into a red bead, thread 1 blue bead and finally pass the needle into the second blue bead, and again into the red side, then into the blue, blue and lateral green beads. Pull all the circles into a square. Next harness from beads. It will take:
- Beads 11/0 and 15/0;
- Bioconuses or beads 4 mm;
- A needle and a needle for beads.
String 4 beads 11/0, alternating with their beads. The work will be performed in one thread, so close the first row in the circle should be closer to one end of the line. The line leaves the bead 11/0. For the second circle it is necessary to string 3 beads15/0, 1 bead 11/0 and 3 more beads 15/0. To pass the line to the next (in the course of work) bead of the previous row. To make 3 more such low, passing a needle each time in a bead 11/0 of the first circle. The line leaves the bead 11/0 of this circle. String 1 bead and pass the fishing line through the bead 11/0 of the second circle, so to weave the entire row. Tighten. Next circle string 3 pieces. 15/0, 1 pc. 11/0 and 3 more. 15/0. Pass the line to beads 11/0 of the previous row. Then comes a circle of 4 beads, the line is passed through beads 11/0 of the previous row. The line is again tightened. Thus weave until the length of the bundle becomes satisfactory. To create the next bundle of beads you will need the ability to crochet. Turkish harness. It will take:
- Multicolored beads 11/0;
- Thin threads (so that it was convenient to string beads on them);
- Hook of the corresponding number;
- Silicone flexible hollow tube for the base under the bundle;
- 2 jewelry fasteners of the appropriate diameter.
String the beads on the thread, without cutting it from the skein. Beads string in a strict sequence of the previously selected pattern. It is necessary to give this maximum attention, because to change the order of beads will subsequently be impossible. For training, you can try to create a tourniquet of the same color, so that the principle of operation becomes clear. And then it will be possible to create plaits with geometric patterns of various complexity. When all the necessary beads are strung, you canto start knitting. To pierce the first loop with a hook, move the first bead to it. Pick up the work string for a beaded crochet and stretch it through the formed loop. Tighten and fasten the bead in the work and move the next closer. Repeat the manipulations until the length of the chain with beads is equal to the diameter of the silicone tube. Close in the ring using the connecting bar. Pull the next bead to the hook, enterhook into the thread of the first circle, pick up the string behind the bead, drag the loop, then again pick up the string behind the bead and tie both loops together. So fixed bead of the second circle. Do these manipulations with all the other beads until the tourniquet becomes the intended length. Knowing in advance how many beads are obtained in each circle, you can calculate the pattern and string the multicolored beads in the desired sequence. At the end of the work, it is necessary to tie 3 - 4 rowscolumns without a crochet without beads. Thread and fasten. Insert silicone tubing inside the workpiece. Fasten the fasteners to the ends of the harness to close a non-beautiful finish and start work. The next spiral tow is enough to weaveeasy, its secret is to use beads of different sizes. Thanks to this, beautiful shapes and combinations of colors are obtained. For training it is better to use a bead of contrasting colors, so that it's easier to track the rows and control the shift of the beads. It will take:
- Beads 11/0, 15/0, 8/0;
- Leski and a needle for beads.
The first circle is the base of the flagellum. Beads for him you need 2 times more than for the rest of the circles. On a piece of fishing line of a convenient length, thread 4 beads 15/0, 8 beads 11/0, 2 beads 8 /, eight beads 11/0, cut the line through the first four beads 15/0. The foundation is ready to work. The pattern of the bracelet is obtained by shearingdrawing. String 1 bead 15/0, it will settle above the bead 11/0 of the previous row, then thread 3 beads 11/0, 1 bead 8/0, etc. The next row is still shifted to the right, to get a clear spiral pattern. The line does not need to be tightened tightly, beads should move easily in a circle, this is necessary so that the tourniquet does not become too hard. When the tourniquet reaches the desired length, in orderto close it is enough to reduce the beads in each row, stringing every second bead. The next tourniquet is made of ordinary beads and beads of Twins. It will take:
- Beads 15/0;
- Beads Twin;
- Leski and a needle for beads.
On a piece of fishing line of convenient length thread 1 beadtwins, 3 regular beads, 1 bead twins, 3 regular beads, 1 more bead twins and 3 regular beads. The line is passed through the first bead of Twin and 2 ordinary beads. The work will be in one thread, the entire low, closed in a circle, you can move one end of the line. To string ordinary 3 beads, line to pass inthe second hole beads tween during the weaving, tighten, thread one ordinary bead and pass the line in a medium bead in the next three beads. To weave so the whole circle. For the next round, the line goes out of the middlebeads three of the first circle, thread on the line 3 small beads, 1 bead Twins and another small bead, the line is passed into the middle bead from the second round triplet. Repeat the sequence of two rows before the tourniquet has acquired the required length. At the end, fasten the fasteners. For necklaces or necklaces they can be weaved from beads. This will look like a button with a loop. For a bracelet, such a clasp does not fit, it is better to use special fasteners from the jewelry and hardware store. And in the end. Any of the above harnesses with ease will become a beautiful necklace, bracelet, bracelet or pendant. You can even make earrings or use a small-length tourniquet in the form of a pendant. And remember that the framework for handicrafts to put only their imagination.