Molding of plasticine - one of the main trainingsubjects in kindergarten. Kids with great pleasure sculpt figurines of people and animals, a variety of fruits, flowers and much more. Educators in kindergarten should teach children to display not only the volume shape of the object, but also other characteristics characteristic of it, for example, color. A small person acquires a representation of such concepts as proportion. If you create an apple, an orange or a snowman with your own hands, the kid realizes that all these objects are round. To create them, you need to make a ball. This is how the ability to generalize an object and form develops. There is also an understanding of the difference in shapes - the table top is rectangular, and the orange is round. Molding forms the accuracy of movements, improves the eye and structural skills. And to the hyperactive children adds calmness and assiduity, teaches them to concentrate. All classes in kindergarten are conducted in a cheerful form of the game gradually and without haste. The teacher should first tell what the children will sculpt. Use an illustrative example and a detailed description. It is necessary to demonstrate to the kids the actions that will be necessary, when creating a ball or sausage from plasticine. Every movement should be controlled by adults. The teacher needs to show the child and teach him how to make a stand for fixing future works. And it is suitable to arrange on it a composition of several plasticine figures. Then, the probability to create a logical plot, will be very large. The most frequently used ideas for performance are episodes of children's fairy tales and stories. Equally, they use moments and objects from the environment. With great pleasure, kids mold jewelry for their toys, food and doll interior items, such as a tea set, a tray or a vase for flowers. Those things with which you can then play. The modeling in the kindergarten is divided into:
- The plot;
Subject molding serves to create individualobjects. The children display not only the form, but also other bright signs characteristic of this particular subject. Story - includes a logical composition of several subjects. A decorative molding involves thinking over the work, creating a sketch on paper and only then reproducing it from plasticine. Creating decorative plates, crumbs learn to handle tools, use different techniques to model, understand the aesthetic beauty and fullness of space. When starting the process of modeling, it is necessary to prepare a workplace. It is most convenient to sculpt a table. Cover it with oilcloth or paper, so as not to get dirty. Plasticine for modeling, you should choose a soft and bright colorful shades. Kids are most comfortable molding from this. The hard material can be softened by placing it in warm water. To create a favorite hero from the cartoon you need to put his picture in front of the child. Lovely love and laughter Losjash and Krosh. The moose must be made from yellow plasticine. 1. From a big yellow bar break off a piece and roll into a ball. This is the basis of the whole figure. 2. From white plasticine it is necessary to separate 2 small pieces and roll balls out of them. It will be eyes. Pieces of black plasticine are suitable for pupils. Eyes to attach to the main ball of yellow color together with the eyelids. 3. From the plasticine of a brown color, a large Losasz nose is molded. 4. From the main yellow color mold pens and legs. 5. To blind eyebrows and horns you need to roll out sausages of dark brown plasticine. The figure of Krosh is molded from blue plasticine. 1. For the body rolls the ball of the main color. 2. You can make an eye like that of Losas. 3. To create a mouth, a knife is needed to cut the plasticine. An incision is made on the torso of Krosh. He is given a form of a smile, bending down. In this cut, you need to put a little red plasticine and on top of it - 2 pieces of white (teeth). 4. The ears and the feet of Krosh need to dazzle the main color.