The history of jewelry is many thousands of years old. Bone, stone, tree bark, gold, silver, precious stones, pearls, ribbons, polymer clay, beads and many other things served and serves to create a certain image and style for men and, of course, for women. And when the number of rings, necklaces, coulombs, pendants, earrings and bracelets of beauties and women of fashion nearly two millennia ago began to multiply and grow, the question arose - where is all this stored so that it lay in order and at the same time was always at hand. So the casket appeared from under the hand of the masters of the East. The first boxes were wooden. Masters decorated them with intricate carvings, trying to surpass one another in beauty and originality. In the modern world, caskets are made of wood, plastic and metal. Now, as in former times, manual work is valued. You can create an exclusive and original casket with your own hands using beads. They are braided already ready-made containers of suitable size or create caskets entirely made of beads. In this article, several master classes will be presented on the creation of original caskets in which it will be possible to store both decorations and various trifles needed by needlewomen, and even such a casket as any thing created by oneself will become an excellent gift. The first master class is devoted to a very positive sunny yellow casket of beads. Required:
- Orange and lemon transparent and orange and yellow opaque beads 10/0;
- Yellow and pearl beads 8/0;
- Wireworm of two colors;
- PVA glue;
- Acrylic paint (mother of pearl);
- Colored paper;
- Broad base from under the tape of tape;
- Plastic circle 5 mm wide;
- Flat button with 2 holes.
Cylinder made of cardboard, which was previously woundScotch tape, will serve as the walls of the future casket. From the cardboard you need to cut two circles using a cylinder, like a stencil. This will be the bottom and the lid of the casket. Plastic circle (you can take a regular bracelet) will serve as a limiter, so that the cap would hold well. Cover all the details with a layer of PVA glue and giveto dry out. From the colored paper cut 2 circles for the inside of the bottom and the lid. Cut a rectangle for the inside of the casket walls. Gluing the details. Dye the outside of all the parts of the casket with acrylic paint, dye the bracelet and glue it to the inside of the lid. Curbs of the casket. Transparent beads of orange color weave the net according to the scheme so that it tightly wraps the workpiece. To decorate the grid cells with beads, likeshown in the figure. Lower cells do not use. For their decoration, you need to thread 2 small beads, 1 large and 2 small again. Lesku secure in the middle beads of the last row of cells of the bottom. The second circle. String 3 beads, skip the line in a large bead of the previous row and newly thread 3 beads. So to the end. The lid of the casket. For its decor, too, use a grid. Partially it needs to be folded inwards, and partly outward. In this grid, there will be 33 teeth on one side of the grid. It is necessary to do just this amount, otherwise, when pulling the net, it twists. On one side between the denticles of the net, it is necessary to weave 3 beads. The needle should be passed to the other end of the net. It is necessary to tighten the fishing line tightly, so that the edges of the mesh meet the bracelet-retainer. Between the denticles of the second edge, the meshes weave into 1beads of a larger size. Tighten the line. In the next round between these large beads strung on 3 small beads. In the next round, 1 large. The line comes out of a big bead. String 7 small, 1 large and again 7 small beads. Count 2 large beads of the last round and pass the line through the third, so to the end of the circle. In total, 11 such loops are produced. In the next round between two large beadsthread on 3 small. Stretch the line. In each next round, collect less beads, pulling the weave to the center until there is an opening 3 - 4 mm in diameter. Fasten the line and cut it off. In a small button, pass 10 pieces of wire 30 cm in length. Then pass the free ends of the wire throughthe center hole of the beaded mesh on the lid. Curl from into a spiral, using a rod from a conventional ballpoint pen or any other stick. At the ends of the wire springs, put beads and fix the ends of the wires with loops. Spread the spirals around the perimeter and the casket is ready. In the manufacture of the next casket used French technique of weaving (or arc technique), needle and openwork. Casket of beads "Flower". It will take:
- Decoration silver and red;
- Beads of white color;
- Large beads of cherry color;
- The line;
- Metal mesh round shape;
- Transparent glue;
- Wooden or plastic round casket with a lid;
- Scissors or nippers.
Flower. It requires six large and small petals. The big petal. At one end of a piece of wire, make a small loop. String 8 felling, make a large loop of wire, fixing it and cutting several turns. This is the axis. On the free end of the wire, thread 10 cuttings and wrap the wire around the axis so that a low of 10 cuttings snugly close to the low of 8, re-thread 10 cuttings and make a wire turn already at the bottom of the axis. Make 3 arcs on each side of the axis, increasing each time the number of beads. The last pair of arcs to make of the felling silver. A loop at the top of the axis straighten and hide the tail in the last arc. For a small color, make the starting axis of 6 cuttings. Otherwise, the principle of weaving is the same. Just in every arc there will be less beads. The heart of the flower. In the metal mesh the base must be weavedfollowing compositions. String on the line 4 white beads, 1 red cabin and three more white beads, then the second end of the line to pass through the red cabin and 4 white beads. On the outer side of the lid, glue the large petals, then staggered small and then the core. Openwork weaving to form beads and felling the sides for the casket. Sew the edges, put on the casket. Baste the top and bottom edges with white beads. In each cell, formed by a white bead weave a red bead. The box is ready. The next casket is made of bright multi-colored beads in the technique of "flowers". It will take:
- Plastic box 7.5 cm in height, with a lid and 5.5 cm in diameter;
- Beads 11/0 are orange, green, purple, pink, red, white and yellow.
- The line;
- Transparent glue.
According to the schemes, weave a ribbon in length equal to the girth of the capsule (it should fit tightly) and into the height of the capsule without the lid (in this case 5 cm). Ribbon to sew and put on a box. The bottom and the lid weave according to the scheme. At the end of work, you can glue the beaded cloth to the sides, bottom and top.