- Hardanger technique
- Merezhka »Brush»
- Merezhka "Stolbik"
- Merezhka "Split"
- Merezhka "X"
- "Openwork skirt"
- Merezhka "Flooring"
- Merezhka "Panka"
- Video: shredding through the figure with the flooring and twig
- Video: What is hardanger?
Hand embroidery to this day is appreciated byFashionistas of the whole world with beauty and originality. There is a great variety of embroidery techniques. The craftsmen of their business still come up with new ways and methods for creating their own works.
In this article we will talk about one of the typesHand embroidery. Merezhka or embroidery hardanger - this is one of the many methods of openwork embroidery. This type of embroidery differs from the others in its special preparation for patterning. To perform a hemming (hardanger or a through-seam), it is necessary to pull the threads from the fabric, and in the resulting path, the tracery patterns from the remaining threads are assembled. Beginning needlewomen can be advised to start a trace on the canvas. This fabric allows you to easily remove unnecessary strings. Then you can use other fabrics.
Starting a master class is better with a detailedExplanations and photos, so that lessons on the hardanger would be more understandable. If the explanations and lessons described below are not too clear, you can watch the video lessons (beginners should not be embarrassed by this). Despite its beauty, the hardanger is quite rare today, so it is not so easy to find good video lessons or a master class of this kind of needlework, but we tried to find the best and most interesting for you.
Well, now the conversation will go directly on preparing for the implementation of a pattern in the style of hardanger.
Starting the seam, you need to properly fix the workingThread. In this kind of hardanger, as in other ways of embroidering knots there. To fix the thread, you need to make a few small stitches at the beginning of the through seam.
Merezhka "Brush" This method - the basis of the basics. The simplest kind of shader that is used to create more complex hardanger types. After watching the video lesson, you can start from the lower right corner and move to the left. A needle with a thread is inserted into the right corner of the prepared strip, then the thread is fixed by several stitches and is displayed on the front surface of the work. The next step: the entanglement of a small number of threaded threads. The needle should be hooked, if desired, from 3 to 5 threads and wrap the resulting beam, perform a loop. The next stitch must be made behind the resulting bundle, after each bundle one must tighten the working thread. In this way, all subsequent brushes are performed at an equal distance. How the seam is performed can be seen on the video.
Merezhka "Stolbik" This is a living example of whatThe first hardanger described above is the main component of many other species. "Column" consists entirely of "brushes" made on both sides of the stretched strip of threads on the fabric. You need to start from the right corner as well. After performing one side of the hem, the working thread is carefully transferred to the opposite side, on which the brushes are also sewn. It is important: the number of threads to be pulled together in a column on both sides should be the same, and the stitches must be made of the same size. Only then the bars will turn out to be even, equal and beautiful.
Merezhka "Split" Again to fulfill thisPattern will have to use a "brush". As in the previous methods, one edge is embroidered in the usual way with a "brush", but there is one nuance. Brushes should be an even number, otherwise the pattern will look incomplete. Next, on the opposite side to perform the brush you need to grab half of the first beam at the same time and half the next. And the rest of the process does not differ from the main one. The result of the work: the bars are not straight, but split into two equal halves. The resulting pattern is as if composed of small neat triangles.
Merezhka "X" This kind of the same applies to the basicMethods of embroidering the hem. A prepared shaving with an even number of bars is the basis for performing this kind of hardanger. The needle with the working thread should wrap two bars in the middle of the through-seam. Gently fixing the beginning of the thread in the first column, you need to pick up the next column with a needle and wrap the two columns with a free loop. In this loop it is necessary to pass a needle and tighten the working thread. To make the resulting knot strong, you need to repeat the loop. In this way, we embroider all the shoe and, accordingly, at the end of the work it becomes clear what an even number of columns are needed for.
Merezhka "Milled Columns" The following wayHas several names: "simple openwork shoe", "intertwined posts". However, the hardanger is not so difficult. In the basis of this species is taken "column". Hardanger is very similar to "X", only the number of columns participating in one knot increases from two to six as much as possible. By simple simple embroidery, you can begin work on the intertwined columns. Just like in the previous needlework we fix the working thread, only now in the formation of the node there will be a couple or three posts on one side and the same number on the other. Drawing a needle under the far column grabs the rest of the columns and twists in the middle. Securing the thread, in the same way the hemming is done to the very end.
And for this pattern the hemstitch is first embroidered"column". Next, the columns are combined in pairs, so that one is pulled to the other on one side. At the other end of the needlework, you need to shift the junction of the posts, i.e. Each new loop will connect one column from the previous top connection to the new free one.
This hardanger requires primary processingColumns. The tendency is traced, the harder or more expressive the hemming, the more preparation from the simple types of hemstitch it requires. But this should not stop novice masters, video lessons and a master class on this painstaking craft will certainly help.
Merezhka "flooring" Let's return to "flooring". By preparing the through-seam, you can start working on the flooring. Anyone who has ever darned knitted socks grandmother's method, everything will be immediately clear. Fixing the thread as usual, from right to left, a small number of columns are typed on the needle, so that the first column is under the needle, next above the needle and so on. Do not need to embroider too much distance, it will not be beautiful. The last column is wrapped around the thread and the needle comes back, but already so that the lower bars are at the top. It turns out a kind of woven piece of cloth. These actions are made up to the middle of the through seam, then, from the middle, this method needs to fill the next number of columns. In this embroidery, the tightening of the working thread is not necessary. It is worth noting that the appearance of this type of hardanger can be anything. It all depends on your imagination.
All of the above methods hardangerAre performed on a single stranded strand of filaments. But needlework methods are possible in which the width of the hemstitch will be more than 1.5 cm, and in the middle of the through-seam there are left several yarns not pulled out.
Merezhka "Punk" This method of embroidery is performedJust on a wide strip in which the middle is occupied by 2-3 not pulled strings. Basically, "punk" serves as a beautiful edge for the main big picture in the product. It is recommended to do such needlework close to the edge. In some descriptions of the work "punk" can be called "sub-string" because of the design of the edge. The hardanger is embroidered as follows: the brushes are created not only along the edge, but also in the middle, along the left strip of thread. The first stitch is important to do from the bottom up and diagonally, while capturing the required number of threads. Then the working thread is displayed on the front side, as well as when embroidering an ordinary brush, then placing the needle horizontally, the thread returns to the place of the brush at the top. Completely identical is the seam, with a return to the upper row. As a result, the brushes are embroidered simultaneously from the two sides of a thin row of strings that are not pulled out in the middle.
Video: shredding through the figure with the flooring and twig
Based on "punk" or "sub-string" is performedSet of more complex and interesting patterns. Having tried your hand at simply embroidering hardanger, you can do more complicated work. After watching the video lessons and getting a master class not only for beginners, it will be easier to make a hardanger. In the photo you can see how for the beauty and grace are used multi-colored threads, beads and larger beads.