Soap making is a process of making soap from a liquid (coffee, distilled water, milk, decoctions of herbs), oils and alkalis. In addition, the following components are also used:
- sea salt;
- stearic acid (added for soap hardness);
- natural (dry mustard powder, paprika,clay, cocoa, turmeric, coffee, parsley, honey, decoction of herbs, vanilla, etc.) and chemical (various food colorings, titanium dioxide, mica, etc.) dyes.
To give soap handmade odorEssential oils or synthetic perfumes, fragrances and perfumes are used. To get a soap-scrub soap, add ground bones, ground nuts, poppy seeds and oatmeal. In this master class we will make soap in the form of a rose and on its example master the basics of soap making. Rose is a beautiful flower, but it's rare to save it for memory for a long time. Let's create our own rose, which not only will please us with its appearance, but it can also last some time and even bring pleasure in taking a bath or shower. We will make a gentle rose from the soap with our own hands, but first, let's talk about safety. For starters, a little boring, but necessary (not just for beginners), the introductory part. To cook soap, you need a safety technique, even if you cook not the first time to "maybe" and "I'm neat", do not expect it. work with alkali is dangerous, unless of course adhere to safety regulations. What is safety when cooking soap? It's a respirator, yes, yes, a respirator, a medical mask is not it, it will not suit you, although some people use it, but I once tried it, fed my faience friend all night. Construction glasses, for eye protection, household gloves, not medical, because they can tear. Clothing with long sleeves. Vinegar to neutralize the alkali. This is if the body got an alkaline solution pour vinegar, so that there was no burn. Many people, hearing about such attire, are frightened, and think that it is terrible and dangerous, but having dressed and taking away the living creature and children from the kitchen, as well as feeding her husband, you can safely break into cooking soap. But before that we also study the soap calculator. In it, everything is simply driving in grams (not ml) of oil that we have and we are choosing the balance of oils, although honestly balanced soaps are not very good to me, because so that the soap was balanced, the calculator requires 60% solid oils, and then basically these soaps dry out the skin. In monomyl, i.e. soaps with one oil of course there is no balance, but they are not the worst soaps, for example, Castile soap from 100% olive oil that you can find in one of the master classes is considered one of the best soaps. The calculator will give you how much water, how much alkali you will need. Water, too, in grams, we add and it is strictly, not any milliliters! The calculator will automatically calculate a 5% survivor. What is a reawakening? This is the part of the oils that does not react with alkali and is a part of the skin behind the skin. Water is taken from 28-38%. If you use castor oil in your recipe, then we reduce water%, since this oil soothes soap very well. When taking a ready-made recipe, check the alkali and water on the calculator for your own safety. If you have decided to add citric acid to your soap (it is used for shampoo soaps), its input is 0.1-1% of the weight of all oils, then add 0.6 g of alkali per gram of citric acid. For example, you cook 500g of oils, then the input of citric acid will be 0.5-5g. Then the alkali still needs to add 0.3-3g of alkali to the total weight of the alkali. Now go directly to our rose. To create the perfect we need:
- Soap base in white color
- Pigment, coloring red
- Base oil (almond or grape seed)
- Essential oil of geranium (better rose oil)
- Covers from plastic containers, container
Let's start the work We cut the small white soap base with small cubes and send it to melt into a microwave or water bath. During this time in a separate convenient container we rub the dry pigment of red color and a few drops of the base oil. Then mix the resulting dye and soap base. Here we add essential oil, I do not have a special pink, so I chose the geranium oil. Now let's use the lids from the container. Fill each layer with a layer of soap mass about 3-5 mm. As usual, we spray with alcohol to remove the bubbles. Then our rose will turn out to be a pleasant natural pink color. A little wait until our layers are not frozen. But in this case it's necessary to start working with them before they are completely cooled down, literally while they are still "warm". Carefully pull out. The first petal is curled almost a tube, we give the appearance of the core of the rose. Then pull out the second petal and securely attach it around the first one. It already looks like a rosebud. Let's try to slightly curl the petal fornaturalness. We fasten the next petal, while at the base of the petals we should press the soap base firmly, so that our rose would remain afterwards whole, and not fall apart into separate parts. The next petal surrounds our bud, now we can even make a fold at the time of attachment, so that the flower turns out to be magnificent. After the last petal has taken its place, diligently compress the entire rose at the base, without touching the petals. That's such a big rose we got! Such beauty and tenderness, you can not hesitatepresent to a loved one. Or organize a whole bouquet, this as you wish. The main thing is that our attractive rose is ready. I hope this master-class was useful for you!