Quilling - this is a kind of art, the essence of whichis to create all kinds of paintings and compositions by twisting narrow and long strips of paper. With the help of such art, you can decorate objects, create unusual decorative objects, decorations, etc. A bit of history This kind of needlework withEnglish yazak (from the word "quill") is translated as "bird feather". If Japan is considered the birthplace of origami, then quilling was born in Europe. At the end of the 14th century, with the help of papermaking techniques, monks created various medallions using feathers of birds and paper with gilded edges. Even from close consideration, beautiful creations created the illusion that they were created from gold strips. Unfortunately, the paper is short-lived, so few of the medieval masterpieces could survive to our time. But ancient technology has reached us. Every year it is gaining more popularity. In our time, the art of quilling is widespread in Western Europe, especially in Germany and England. However, the new life of paper circulation has gone through in the countries of the Far East, where the vastest and richest traditions of plastics and graphics have made paper ribbons work absolutely on a different, higher level. And in South Korea was formed an association of admirers of paper plastic, which was able to unite the followers and adherents of various directions of creativity from paper. Many people associate a paper with something fragile and short-lived. However, quilling is the kind of art that completely refutes such judgments. If you place a mug on a filigree podstavochku made of paper, or put some other heavy object, none of the paper curls will even think of deforming or changing its shape. From paper ribbons collect a variety of bowls and vases for candy, which can be used for their intended purpose, without fear for their safety. Quilling - this is creativity that allows you to see the special features in the most ordinary paper. Tools and materials for quilling In order to quickly master the technique of paper-rolling, you will need special tools, first you can do with an ordinary store, where you can find everything you need. A short list of the required tools is presented below:
- awl. Choose a tool with a diameter of not more than one millimeter. Most often, the awl has a conical shape, and this is inconvenient for work. You can find a rooted rod of suitable diameter, which will be used for winding paper spirals;
- tweezers. Its tips should be thin and tightly connected. This tool performs work of high accuracy. Choose a tweezers so that there are no burrs on the tips, because you do not need traces on paper;
- scissors. For the most accurate cutting of paper you need to pick up a sharp enough tool;
- glue. There are no specific recommendations. Your task is to pick up glue that dries quickly and leaves no traces on the paper. Try to start with PVA.
So that you can easily mark out the futurecomposition, prepare a set of tools for drawing. You may need a pencil, ruler and compasses. As for the paper strips that are used in quilling, then you have two outputs. You can buy ready-made stripes in specialized stores for creativity. But if you are just starting to get acquainted with this kind of creativity, then you can cut the paper ribbons yourself. Their average width is about 3 mm, but this value is not an obligatory condition. Another important point to consider when making strips is the weight of the paper, it should be at least 60 grams per m². These parameters point to the package. If the weight is less, then the paper strips will not twist carefully, but the shape will not hold. Quilling technique At first glance, it may seem that the technique of paper-rolling is quite simple: the strips are twisted into a tight roll. It is most convenient to start such work by winding the edges of a paper strip for quilling on the tip of the awl. When the middle of the spiral is formed, it is most convenient to continue working without a tool. With fingers it will be most convenient to work, so you can feel how evenly the paper roll is formed and adjust the course of work at the same time. As a result, you will get a tight spiral, the diameter of which will be less than one centimeter. It will form the basis of future diverse forms. A tight paper roll dissolves to the required size, the tip of the paper is fixed with glue, then the necessary quilling figure is formed from it. Such rolls by dents and squeezes can be givendifferent form. There are about 20 basic forms used in quilling. However, the principle of their creation is very similar: fold and pinch, in a word, use your imagination, and you will get a lot of different elements. Schemes for quilling Schemes for quilling consist of the outlines of the pattern and the elements that fill it. For filling use all possible basic forms, as well as additional elements created from the basic forms. At the first stages, when the skills in the work are notthe most complex is the correct distribution of forms within the composition contour. Due to this, it is recommended to use quilling schemes for beginners in the work, not only general motives and outlines are located on them, the layout of all the quilling forms is clearly shown on the diagrams. In some basic schemes indicate the size of all elements and their number. In this case, you can immediately make the right amount of all forms, and only then add them to the overall composition, like a puzzle. This is very convenient, especially for beginning masters, who just master the technique of quilling. When the basics are mastered, you can use morecomplex schemes, where only the contours of drawings and ornaments are indicated. Also you can draw different motives yourself. On which you can, according to your imagination, lay out various forms of quilling, forming a composition. Such work requires special skills, a lot of time and love of action. But even if you are not so creative a person, you can also get masterpieces. To do this, you need to equip yourself with patience and quilling schemes, which are created specifically for such cases, when a person wants to discover something new and interesting. Openwork snowflakes in the quilling technique With the help of quilling techniques, you can create a variety of different snowflakes, which will be an excellent souvenir or festive decor. Quilling snowflake can be hung on a Christmas tree or in a room, glue it on a postcard or on a gift box. To create it, you will need a standard set of materials and tools: paper, a tool for twisting tapes, glue, scissors and ruler. The first thing to do is to make many elements in the quilling technique, of which the future snowflake will be composed. The main forms were presented above. You will need to create the elements according to the scheme. It can be one that is presented below, if you want, you can search for others. After all the details have been made, youshould collect a snowflake. To do this, simply use glue and connect all the individual parts according to the scheme. Below is one possible example of such work. Place in the center a free spiral, with four sides glued to two-sided curls, glued together in two. Note that on the one hand details of the curls are greater than with the second. Other free curls are pasted into the corners of the snowflake. After this, make 8 parts in the form of a drop and glue them in the center of each corner curl and on the tips of the snowflake beams. To make your snowflake look more festive, you can cover it with a silver spray. Creating a picture in the quilling technique. Step-by-step execution instruction Most people seek to decorate their homes with various decorative elements that will delight the eye. Among such items can be attributed to the picture, made in the technique of quilling. And if you do not know how to do it, check out the master class below. Quilling paintings can be completely different in the complexity of the implementation. However, if you choose a not too complicated plot and uncomplicated details, then the creation of the picture will be able to even the novice masters. For making the quilling of the picture "Berry" to youneed such materials and tools: paper bands for quilling red, yellow, green and black, colorless film, scissors, album sheet, pencil, glue, the basis for the picture (in this example it is black), pins and a special quill stick it can be replaced by a toothpick with a forked tip). First, take the red paper strips and twist them into rolls with a stick. Give them a little unwind, and fix the tips with a PVA glue. From ready spiral forms form droplets, than there will be more, the better. Now form the berries of their red parts and yellow ribbons. You should get it as in the picture. On a black cardboard, draw a picture (sketch) of the picture and glue to it a ready-made strawberry twig. So you will get the bulk of the composition. To create leaves in the technique of paper-rolling,first you need to draw a contour sheet on white paper. On top of the sheet you need to fix the transparent film. Lay out the outline of the leaf with the help of figures in the form of droplets, in addition use black vstavochki. Temporarily fix all the elements with pins. Attach ready-made leaflets to yourdilute the picture with a variety of colors. In addition, make circles of red currant, use red ribbons and a quilling stick. Make a lot of curls from the green ribbons, they will make the picture more vivid and expressive. In general, the picture can be considered complete. However, each piece of handmade goods needs a decent frame. For this it is recommended to put your picture in a frame. A suitable option would be a frame made of newspaper tubes and painted in bright colors. Such a quilling picture can become worthydecoration of any interior. In addition, she will bring warm and sunny notes to the room. Photo frame made in quilling technique Such a bright and beautiful frame for your favorite photo will always attract attention and become an excellent decoration of any room. This item will serve as an excellent gift, which is doubly enjoyable due to the fact that it is made by own hands. Try to make a similar box with your own hands. For its production, prepare an unnecessary log, paper strips for quilling, glue, and a smooth frame, which will be used as a basis. If the frame is made of plastic, thendegrease it, and if it is made of wood, then it must be cleaned. First of all cut the paper strips from the magazine spreads. And in order for the details to turn out to be three-dimensional, fold them so that they are the same size as the strips for quilling. Tackle the strips. To produce one part, you can use several strips of different colors. Create elements of different sizes, so the end result will look more unusual. When you make the right amount of spirals, glue them on the frame using a thermo gun. Arrange all the details in a chaotic order, the most important thing is that they are combined in color. The frame is ready. It remains to wait for the complete drying and put the photo inside. How to decorate Easter eggs in quilling technique Many people are waiting for the great Easter holiday, which often ends with a plush meal, where Easter dishes abound. One of them is colored eggs. Let's take a closer look at the decoration of eggs, learn how to decorate krashenki with the help of quilling technique. Here everything is very simple. To begin with, simply color the eggs in any convenient way for you. Lay the eggs on a plate and glue on them the decorations made in the quilling technique. For such a case, butterflies, flowers and other ornaments are good. Postcard with snowdrops This postcard with snowdrops causes only the most tender and warm feelings. Use tips and tricks to make your postcard as beautiful and neat. You will need paper strips of white and green color, their width should be about 3 mm. Additionally, prepare paper for the backing, an organza tape, and a paper twist tool. First, take a piece of green tape (3 cm) anda white piece of 11 cm in length. Glue them together and fold them with a tool, starting with a green piece. After twisting the spiral, fix its tip with glue. Then tighten the ring on one side with two fingers to get the detail in the shape of a petal. Take a strip of white corrugated paper (15 cm) and roll it into a spiral with the same twisting tool. Just like in the previous step, the strip should be fixed with glue and give it the shape of a petal. In the same way, you need to make nine identical petals. After that, the ring should be rolled up a green strip of 8 cm long, its end is also fixed with glue. Having made such manipulations, press the middle finger inside with the thumbnail, so you give the detail the shape of the arc. Now you need to collect the details in the buds of the snowdrops. To do this, use the PVA glue and fasten the petals inside the arcs that you made in the previous step. To make the glue more convenient to apply to small parts, use a cocktail sticks or something similar. Now prepare a green strip of 30 cm long, fold it into a not very tight ring and squeeze it so that you end up with a long narrow leaf. Lightly glue with the glue on the wrong side, fold the paper in half along the length and hold it slightly in such a position that the glue has dried. Make two more similar leaflets. Now prepare three strips of green color about 22.5-23 cm long, bend them in half and glue to make denser stripes that will be used as stems. Each of the stripes bend from one side and glue them to the flower. Now you have come to the final stage - the design of the postcard. Here, act in accordance with your imagination. On a paper basis, you can paste a green background, on top of it, glue the leaves and flowers, and at the end add a ribbon and a birochka with congratulations. A few secrets:
- so that the flowers look more neat, when they are formed, the curls should be pressed in the place where the tip of the strip is fixed;
- to ensure that all parts are more accurately placed on the base, use tweezers;
- when using glue, remember the main rule: the smaller it is, the better;
- for fixing parts on the basis also existsone cunning. Take an unnecessary piece of cardboard and apply glue on it. Every detail should be put on the cardboard of the wrong side, so that it gets a little glue on it, and only after that the details are placed on the card;
- to create a label you will need a small piece of cardboard of the right color.
Quilling is very interesting and fascinatinga kind of art. He is able to reveal and emphasize the incredible possibilities of colored paper. In addition, this activity always gives a good mood, because the beautiful and original items created by their own hands, you can not look without admiration.