This article is one of many in the learning categorycrochet our club. She will talk about how easy it is to create a variety of napkins, will consider important aspects for beginners in needlework, and will offer some tips for a successful start in crochet. Beginners learn about what form napkins are, about the correctness of their formation in the process of knitting, how to give them the final form at the end of work, about the most popular loops that occur most often when knitting napkins, patterns and symbols, and of course, how and where to start the process of creating a lace miracle. Surely, every housewife will agree that cozy accommodation can not be created without cute little things, like pretty vases for flowers and fruit or small coffee tables, even a large cup with fragrant tea can become an element of decor if you add a lace napkin created with your own hands by hook. The most usual dinner will be a solemn reception, if on the table will be present beautiful napkins. Another seductive plus of these elegant fishnet gizmos is that they are universal - they will also be an excellent training ground for beginners, and proof of the skill of professionals in crochet. So, let's start studying the subtleties and cunnings in knitting napkins. The form. Round napkins. The beginning of work in these products is the middle. The first thing is typing a chain of air loops and closing in a ring. It can be replaced by a sliding loop or an amigurumi ring. A sliding loop can be performed in several ways, here is one of the most popular:
- Take the free end of the thread and toss it over the index finger of the left hand so that the working thread is on the front side.
- The hook is inserted from right to left and rotates clockwise.
- The hook is grasped by a thread located on the back of the hand and stretched through the loop, which turned out after turning the hook.
- The sliding loop is ready, it can be tied with any loops, and then simply tighten the tail of the thread.
The magic ring amigurumi will be very easy to create, focusing on the following scheme. When the original ring for the roundnapkins, begins knitting loops around the circle with increments. Usually, the cloth of round napkins is obtained by uniformly increasing the loops in the rows from the center to the edges and repeating the details of the pattern. Symmetrical and identical additions of loops are created by tying 2, 3 or more loops with one base or by the uniform addition of air loops in chains. Oval napkins. You can start to knit it in several ways. The first will be the same as that of the round napkin, and then the elongated form will be given to it by tying various sticks with capers or chains with different number of air loops. The second method will be that first you need to type a certain number of air loops, indicated on the diagram, without closing them in a ring, knit in a circle, making the increase of the loop only on both sides at the beginning and at the end of the napkin. Another way to knit an oval napkin is to add semicircular elements along the two sides of a round napkin. Finally, it is possible to tie the product from the bottom to the top in the usual way, making uniform increments and reducing the loops. Square wipes. The first way to form the canvas begins just like a circular napkin - a loop of loops. continue knitting in a circle, making the loop increments four times in a circle, on the same places in each following row. These increases will diverge from the center to the corners, forming a square shape. The second way is knitting from the bottom up. Collect the necessary number of loops and knit in straight and reverse rows. Rectangular wipes. The first method is very similar to knitting the square by the second method. Straight and reverse rows of cloth. After the completion of the work, you can tie three - four rows around the edges. The second way to knit a rectangular napkin is from motifs. In this method, several small elements are used that connect to each other and form a rectangle. You can connect them in two ways. The first - in the process of knitting the last row, and the second, when all the elements are already connected, connect them with bars. Polygonal wipes (six, eight, etc.). The first method is similar to knitting a square - to tie in a ring from the air. loops, making symmetrical increases in the same places by the number of angles. For a hexagon, make an increase in six places, for an octagon in eight, and so on. Rhomboid napkins. One of the ways of knitting rhomboid napkins will be knitting with symmetrical additions of loops to the middle of the canvas, and then with similar discounts. You can tie diamonds from the middle. Collect the initial number of air loops and knit in different directions on both sides of the chain, making uniform loops decrements, or close the chain into the ring and knit first with the addition and then with the loops of the loops. Rhombuses are also often knit from individual motifs. Practically any large napkin can be performed in a so-called patchwork technique, that is, from several motifs, they too can be of completely different shapes. Such napkins look very original. Very often, napkins at the end of work are tied in several rows for a beautiful edging of the edges. After the napkin is connected, and the last thread is cut off, the next stage begins - giving shape, because now in the hands of the needlewoman an unpresentable piece of knitted cloth. For beginners, the following special substrate will be very convenient. It is necessary to arrange a napkin on it, it is desirable to fix it with pins. Under the substrate, you can put the fabric, so it was convenient to poke pins. Place the substrate on a flat surface. If you need to fix a round and oval wiper, then the pins are attached first to the middle of the fabric, and then evenly along the entire perimeter. Then remove the central pins. To fix napkins with corners (square, rhombus, etc.), first fix the corners and then the edges. Lastly, the rest of the parts, such as picos, arches and rings of air loops, are attached. There should not be any distortion. Now it is necessary to moisten and, if desired, starch the product. To do this, spray the product with water from the spray gun (with the addition of starch, if necessary), cover with a damp piece of a thin cloth and leave to dry. Beautiful and delicate napkin crochet, with a detailed description of the work and turn-based photos. Required:
- 1 handles of mercerized cotton;
- Hook No. 2.