Schemes and types of knitting Polish gum in photos and video lessons

Schemes and types of knitting Polish gum in photos and video lessons


Beginning needlewomen often find it difficult to navigate in a huge number of patterns and patterns
, Which can be found in fashion magazines and onInternet expanses. This is a magnificent openwork, relief drawings, three-dimensional braids and bundles, as well as elastic bands of various types. In this lesson, we will speak about the latter, or rather, one of the varieties, which is called the "Polish rubber band", its scheme and manufacturing techniques.

To understand this, it is necessary to considerScheme and the principle of the formation of such elastic reliefs. Consider the general that the scheme and technique of their knitting has. As we have already noted, they are ornaments that have increased elasticity. This is their quality is widely used for knitting the lower zone of things, as well as gates and cuffs. In addition, some species are used to make a large-sized fabric, i.e. the whole product with knitting needles, for example a man's sweater. The basis of all types of gum is the most primitive scheme, performed with the help of only the face loops (LP), and the back loops (IP).

In this case, the combination of these loops (P) can beFor example, 1x1, 1x2, 1x3, 2x2, 3x3 and so on. The first digit usually indicates the number of LPs, and the second IP. Note that a large amount of P rapport leads to a decrease in its elasticity. If the scheme consists of the same number of LPs and PIs, then the pattern will be identical on both sides. But in the case when their number is different, the pattern from different sides will be different, and not suitable for knitting individual parts of a knitted thing, but is used for a large fabric. The scheme of such a simple gum says that the even purl rows in it are made according to the figure. Turning the canvas, we begin to knit the next row (P) so that the back loop is a PI, and the front panel is located LP.

Different techniques

Experienced needlewomen have long known the versatility of using such a pattern with knitting needles, like "Polish rubber band".

These ornaments are often knitted items of wardrobe,Like a scarf and hat, as well as larger things like pullovers or sweaters. This drawing is good for any clothing and accessories. He looks good even in the role of clothes for the youngest citizens, that is, for newborns. But when choosing a rubber for the design of the bottom of the product, as well as the gate or cuff, it is better to stop on a less loose version. The Polish rubber band can not keep the shape as it should for these parts of the product. Polish gum can be performed with the help of several techniques. In earlier times, it was knit by the "Leningrad" technique, which is rarely used today. Nowadays the Polish rubber band is performed by the "Classic" option. To make a Polish rubber band
, It is necessary to get acquainted with other variants of knitting.

Classic Edition

When recruiting P for such a variant of the Polish gumIt must be remembered that their number should be a multiple of four, plus one for symmetry and two edge. Below is a diagram of the classic version of the Polish gum.

Let's start with the set of the desired number P, after which we start knitting the first row.
It performs the alternation of two LPs with two IPs,And so on until the end of the series. The next even P is similar in this way, but with the displacement of the loops, as the diagram shows. It is this displacement that leads to the formation of such a particular corrugated shape of the pattern. After the second P the pattern must be repeated from the very beginning, that is, from the first row.

Video knitting lessons of Polish gum

This video master class will help beginnersKnitters better understand the topic of knitting Polish gum with knitting needles. This version of the Polish rubber band is the same as the front and back of the product. It is very bulky and loose, so it is not used to form cuffs or other parts that should keep the shape well. We perform a set of forty two loops. Vertical rapport is two rows. There are different techniques for doing Polish gum, but this video master class is considering this option. In the first P there should be an alternation of two LPs and two IPs. In the second P pattern is shifted. To do this, it is necessary to begin with IP, and to finish LP. In the interval between them it is necessary to perform the same alternation of units as at the very beginning of the work.

Knitting Polish gum on circular knitting needles

Knitting the canvas in a circular circle is performed with circular knitting needles. Therefore, all P here will be facial. Accordingly, the scheme of work will be somewhat different.

Reading the diagram it becomes clear that in the first PThree LPs and one PI are tied together. In the following P, we observe this procedure. We knit two LP, then the unit PI and LP. As can be seen from the diagram, the rows are also obtained with a shift of the loops.