Prya Phaha, as it turned out, is not onlya woman, but also a tool. From where I learned about it, we will understand today from the article about spinning. How wonderful that now there is Internet and access to it is open to almost everyone! A great opportunity to meet new and very interesting people opened to me when this site appeared about my favorite form of needlework - knitting. Thank you very much for the needlewomen's visits and the information that you also share. And today we have a very unusual article and master class in one. I would even say that we have an interview today. And with whom, about this below!
Spinner - Margarita Smirnova
It's hard to understand who is talking to you at that end.email until the person talks about himself. And just recently I was lucky to meet with another spike - Margarita Smirnova. This woman did not pass by us and shared her unique hobby in our day - spinning wool. Margarita not only told, but also showed what and how. I suggest you plunge into the world of spinning, this is an exciting journey, for which I am very grateful to Margarita! ? Letting go of all pressing efforts and traveling not only to a unique kind of needlework, but also to other territories and in time, Margarita agreed to tell a lot ... I pass the word: “Hello! My name is Margarita. I live in the Republic of Mari El, Yoshkar-Ola. I write poems, travel, do photography andflowers. I can knit with knitting and crochet. She used to sew, was fond of patchwork, now I only do it for someone as a gift. I am a teacher of Russian language. Immediately make a reservation that my hand spinning experience is rather large. No, not since my childhood, when my nanny didn’t have a chance to learn, she was gone when I was in the seventh grade, but she was 90 years old, and she nursed with my mom and then with all my sisters. A hostess of an apartment taught me to spin in the middle of the seventies, where my students and my husband rented a corner - Zakirya-Apay, a skilful spinner. In their house, women day and night, they were needleworking: they spun sheep's wool and goat down, knitted fine shawls to order. I tied two shawls in my life, but I didn’t have enough patience for more. Then she spun only rabbit down and fleece, knitted socks, sweaters, jumpers to relatives and friends, to her children. As you know, spinning is a very ancient method of making yarn by twisting fibers, and manual spinning is a real art, known since prehistoric times. Manual spinning techniques, according to the evidence, were used several thousand years before our era. And then they were the same as a few centuries ago. It's nice to know that I own this art - a woman who lives in the 21st century. By the way, the Chinese, Greeks and Egyptians considered the gods inventors of spinning. Since childhood, I remember my nurse, spinning flax. Here, I think, higher-class craftsmanship was required, since a rather thin linen cloth was made of linen yarn at home in a weaving mill. Wool spinning is simpler, less time consuming, and there is not much need for adaptations for it: a spindle, a spinning wheel of any kind (and you can even do without it) and wool. In fact, spinning is nothing complicated, because wool can be spun any: sheep, dog, goat and rabbit down - the difference is small, only the feather is usually spun on the warp, as it either rolls or climbs, and the warp is usually cotton thread helps to keep the shape of the product. So you decided to learn how to spin. What is needed for this! First, you definitely need a spindle. Spindles are now sold in the departments of souvenirs, and sometimes can be found and made handicraft in the market. Spinning - so in Russia called the woman who was engaged in spinning, and in some areas also the spinning wheel itself. Any spinner knows that the spindle is not chosen for beauty: it should be smooth, light, its upper end should be thin, but with a thickening at the end. Souvenir spindles are plump, of course. You can spin on them, but your fingers get tired because you have to turn the spindle with a pinch of your right hand on the weight. At the end of the spindle there should be a thickening, since a thread is fastened on it with an eyelet in order to be held on the spindle. Unfortunately, the nurse spindles I have not survived, since the tip of the spindle just broke. Even small children easily broke them. But among my acquaintances I managed to collect several spindles of different shapes and different qualities. Secondly, we need a spinning wheel (spinner). In the network you can find a lot of photos with the most diverse in form and color of the blades, but my spinning wheel, inherited from a nanny, is dearer to me. Imagine that she is over a hundred years old! And thirdly, we need wool. It is different in different regions, in our Volga-Vyatka region it is mainly white wool from Russian and Vyatka sheep, and also, most likely, wool from mixed gray sheep of different shades. It is found dark brown and black, it is mostly rough. The markets sell wool already battered - that is, combed with a special machine. If you buy wool from unkempt sheep, you will have to tinker a lot with it: you need to choose garbage, short wool shreds, lumps of dirt, dry the wool well and then, if there are no special brushes, carefully rub each shred with your fingers, disassembling into threads and fibers to make wool turned into a uniform fluffy mass. Or comb it with special brushes - wool brushes, but here you also need skill. I know from experience that combing down is good at home at home, and sheep wool is too dirty, oily, and brushes quickly become dirty or completely out of order. Because I prefer to buy already finished combed wool. Mistresses who have sheep in their compound,carry "beat" the wool to the felting plant in one of the regional centers where there is a hairsaw. Wool shaker is a machine for combing wool. Here a lot depends on how the sheep were fed: the wool should be quite fat, there is little awn - coarse fibers. If the owners were not too lazy and chose all the garbage, seeds of turnip and other plants, pellets of manure, shreds of short wool, then, as a rule, such wool is easily broken and looks beautiful. It is easily spun, the thread turns out smooth, shiny. If in a homogeneous mass of wool there are noticeable lumps of a different color, more dense, or debris and dirt - it is better not to buy, because you have to interrupt the spinning all the time and take out the trash and lumps. Such spinning doesn’t give pleasure. The best wool, in which there is no awn - coarse hairs - is a sash. Drinking is the wool of a young sheep, which is sheared for the first time. But the belts are rarely sold, often the hostess leaves this wool for herself. Distinguish between winter and summer wool at the time of cutting. The best is summer wool, since in summer sheep are kept in better conditions and the feed contains more vitamins. So, take a spinning wheel and tie the wool to the blade - the nurse called it "KUZHEL". The fact is that they write on the network — kudel, but in our country “tow,” or rather, “tow,” called flakes, a short fiber that was also spun. Usually on the upper edge of the spinning blade there is a hole where a string or braid is tied, with which the lace is attached to the spinning wheel. Sit on a chair or stool (I spread it on the flooroilcloth, so that garbage and small particles of dirt and dust do not fall on the floor or carpet), putting a spinning wheel on it with a bottom and begin to spin. To begin with, pull the fibers of the wool with your fingers and thread them into the thread of a centimeter 30 To wind on the spindle and fasten. Then, with the left hand, we begin, with a pinching motion, to pull out the wool. And the right - at the same time twist the spindle forthe tip is clockwise (like a top spinning), causing it to rotate. The yarn at the same time is twisted, and the spindle drops lower and lower until the hand reaches out. Then I usually drop the spindle, and it’s some kind oftime by inertia continues to spin, and the left hand still pulls the wool, which continues to curl, - this gives me the opportunity to increase the length of the finished thread, besides the thread is not so steep. Then we wind the finished thread on the fingers of the left hand so that it does not get tangled. And then, removing the loop from the tip of the spindle andputting it to your chest or stomach (the thread should be directed to the spindle at a right angle), we wind the thread onto the spindle. Attaching the thread again to the tip of the spindle Repeat the process many times until the spindle becomes heavy due to the weight of the wound thread. It starts to fall, because the loop is no longer able to withstand the mass, and rewind the thread into a ball. The spinning skill is howthe thread stretched by it is thin and even. But it is necessary to take into account that it takes much more time to make a thin thread. True, it all depends also on the purpose for which the yarn is intended: I knit wool socks for ski walks of the same thickness, and socks for my granddaughter - thinner and lighter ones. In the villages knit socks of thick, coarse yarn, which are put on rubber work boots. Two balls combine into one. And then we knock off these two threads so that the yarn is more durable. If you knit a product from a single yarn smoothviscous, then it will be skewed (remember that we twisted the thread clockwise, and it will always try to unwind). The yarn in the store, no matter how thin it is, is always sold off of two strands. Balls of yarn rewind in skeins and wash. Village women first knit socks and thenerase the finished products, claiming that they are so softer and more luxurious. They may be right, because with a dirty thread it is more difficult to make a tight binding. But the hands when knitting from the yarn will be dirty all the time, besides - the dirty thread slips badly on the knitting needles, making the knitting process difficult. I tried spinning on an electric spinning wheel. It does not require a spindle, but it seemed to me that the thread was too twisted and the finished yarn was coarse. While you manually unwind it, time is running out. Well, in conclusion I will say that it is a little easier to spin on the base of the fact that the thread does not break, but it must be borne in mind that the down should be distributed evenly on the base. Two spools of thread are taken (thickness of your choice is No. 10, 20 or 30), two strings together are threaded into a ring tied in the upper right corner of the ridge, and the down is pulled out and screwed to these threads. The steps here are the same as when spinning wool. Previously, goat down for shawls spun on the darn - this thread is softer and thinner, the scarves were light, airy. Now goat down shawls are thicker and heavier. Dog wool is spun on the warp if it is short. Now a woman who can spin is a rarity. There is no need to knit socks, as markets and shops offer a huge selection of finished products of all kinds of quality. In addition, there are few owners in the villages, at whose farmstead they are seriously engaged in sheep farming and wool. Spin on the order, too, have ceased - the work is slow and tedious, but marginal. The proverbs and sayings that emphasize the importance of spinning have lost their meaning: “A lazy spinner doesn’t have a shirt to himself”, “Spinning is not God, but gives a shirt”, “Don’t be lazy spinning, dress well”. That left it mostly fun for our long winter. Thank you for your attention! ”Margaret had such a wonderful trip for us, for which she thanks a lot! ? Not to miss an interesting article from the view, use the buttons of social networks just below! And if in the future you would like to receive such letters, then be sure to subscribe to the newsletter: Your e-mail: * Your name: * Share in the social. networks </a> Navigation by records
Spine is not only a woman ...: 1 comment
Add a comment Your e-mail will not be published. Required fields are marked * Comment Name * Email * Website