Spinning wool spinning wool is laborious,but a very pleasant process. Today we will learn about all the subtleties and analyze spinning wool. In continuation of the topic on spinning discussed earlier in the article: I propose to consider the peculiarities of the yarn obtained at home by this real yarn! It turns out that a real spinner in the daytime with fire is difficult to find, but still you can! I already have one in mind! ? It was possible to learn a lot of new and interesting on natural yarn. Yes, yes, this is exactly how proudly they spin their works - natural yarn, and ask not to compare it with the store. We will understand what the difference is!
Spinning yarn in home and factory conditions
It would seem, the wool - she and in Africa wool,what difference can it make! But the difference is colossal! Distinction of raw materials According to international standards, wool is divided into two classes: natural wool (woolmark) and pure natural wool (pure new wool). Natural wool is a wool in which, nevertheless, admixture of other fibers in the volume of 7% is allowed, and the remaining 93% should be exclusively wool. But pure natural wool is a composition in which only 0.3% of other raw materials are permissible, and 99.97% is wool, real, pure wool! For what are the compositions with impurities! First, it is the reduction in cost, and secondly, the addition of additional properties of yarn. In addition, wool is different. If we talk about the dog's coat, then distinguish the guard hair and down. Do you have a dog! Not a little decorative, but a real dog! I have a German Shepherd. This is a terrific beast that is not just a friend, an excellent partner for games, but also a very warm, soft lump of wool. Surely you comb the dog, or at least once in your life, you stroked the dog during the molting period. In the hands or on the comb hairs remain. And you looked at them! Some hairs are prickly and not very pleasant to the touch - this is the outer hair, and the rest is a soft and very pleasant to the touch down! It is from such fluff that the best thread is obtained: soft, gentle, pleasant! The down is covered with a dog when it is cold, and with a guard hair during the warm period of the year. Therefore, downy is a very warm yarn. Especially for example, I went and a couple of times I brushed the dog's coat. Look at the photo. Before you is the most common wool, which is obtained after combing a dog. Blond hairs are fluff, and dark hairs are osteous hair. If you look closely, you can see the litter, which will inevitably fall into fluff. So, if you compare pure wool yarncrafted by highly skilled loaf and store, there will be a huge difference. Very often in stores there are shelves and labels on which pure-wool yarn appears, but the composition, however, includes supplements and substitutes. Acrylic is a frequent “guest” of pure wool woolen yarn. Do not believe me! Check for yourself! ? According to international standards, it turns out that stores often sell natural wool (woolmark), and from yarn we get pure natural wool (pure new wool). The process of making yarn If you take and compare the process of making yarn spun and the manufacturing process at the factory - you will be horrified. A spinner, buying a wool for further processing, carefully looks at it, sorts and removes unnecessary hairs. Conducts special manipulations, called - ches. Ches is the preparation of wool and the creation of tow. A tow is a fluff prepared directly for spinning. One not very big ball of fluff requires 3-4 times to create high-quality tow. In the process, an additional sorting of the remaining guard hairs takes place. When the downy tow is ready, the spinner proceeds to the very process of spinning (stranding the thread). There is no chemical processing during which all the famous healing properties of the yarn are lost. The resulting thread can already be used, and you can bore. The process of ssuchivaniya is the twisting of two finished threads. Loose thread is less deformed. In the process of manual spinning there is a large amountrejected hair. This makes the real, responsible spinner very vigilant about the raw materials purchased for spinning. And also increases the cost of the finished yarn. But it's better to know what you pay for, than to pay for a cat in a bag! And how this process takes place in the factory! The purchased raw materials go to the wool pre-cleaning factory. Sheep wool is most commonly used. You must have seen how sheep look and where they live. So, after shearing and collecting wool, a diverse mixture of everything in the world in its composition reaches 80%. Imagine how much foreign particles will be discarded until the wool is clean! But is this purity! You are well aware that if the factory culled as carefully as all the extra hairs were spun, it would be close to ruin. But since further actions with yarn significantly soften it, then almost all raw materials are used. To clean wool from dirt, it is washed in water withthe addition of potent detergents of synthetic origin. This action is done on wool 5-6 times. After washing, the wool is squeezed out on special machines and transported to a drying workshop, where the temperature can reach 90 degrees Celsius. Imagine the usual shampooing for a minute! Every woman knows that her hair is demanding to everything: from washing to drying. Shampoo does not fit - hair is lifeless. Dry wrong - the ends are split. Brushes, scratches, other styling procedures - worsen hair condition. Since childhood, we are told that wet hair can not be subjected to twisting, they are very fragile at this moment. Washed with warm water of hair has spread out the scales and while dries, puts them on a place. And wool - the same hair! Imagine how lifeless they reach us !!! Let's go back to the factory. After drying, the wool cools down within 1-2 days, after which it is pressed and removed to the warehouse, wait until the factory for the production of yarn or fabric will buy and take it. Spinning factories also have various spinning systems. And they consist of many long stages (loosening, scutching, mixing, combing, getting roving, spinning). But you do not need to reset such a process as staining. And they do not paint with natural colors, but with special colors, so that the paint is preserved and not shed. The finished yarn is steamed and then cooled. The cooled yarn must still stand, and after that it is packed for sale. To say that the resulting yarn retained the original thermal insulation and healing properties - it is not necessary. Yes, the woolen yarn of factory production heats, but not so much as the original and whether it heals. And I know that you, my dear readers, from different places of residence, with different climates and very often cold. So now you are knowledgeable and aware of all the differences in yarn. If it is really cold in winter (and in some people already in the autumn), then it is preferable to buy hand-spun yarn from proven yarn. Comparing the factory yarn with handmade yarn is like comparing delicious home-made items and purchased ones. Again, a do-it-yourself thing and a thing bought in a store is difficult to compare. A hand-bound thing keeps hands warm, caring and loving. Spray also puts its care, warmth and kindness into the yarn. The machine can not invest this. The cost of yarn It will not be a secret to anyone that the cost of hand-made yarn is much higher than that of factory-made yarn. It is understandable, spinner spends a lot more time and effort on one hank than a factory on a batch. A good spinner that spins quality yarn can work out from 150 to 350 grams of yarn in 18 hours of continuous work. Based on this, and the cost of 500 to 1000 rubles. for a hundred hank. This cost corresponds to 5000-10000 per kg of yarn. In one shift, a factory can produce from 10 to 15 tons of yarn. The yarn produced at the factory is relativelylow cost. For example, pure wool yarn of Valya Semenovskaya factory is sold in a shop at the factory with 50 grams of mints for 52 rubles, respectively, 104 rubles for 100 grams. And the Orenburg yarn of 20% wool and 80% of angora with hanks of 50 grams for 406 rubles, this is 812 rubles for 100 grams - I took this yarn on socks because it's tough enough, but warm. And after the comparison, it becomes clear that the cost of hand-spun yarn is not so high! Earnings spinner Well, who does not like to save, it is reasonable to save! Everyone is trying to save the family budget and even vice versa to replenish it. I am convinced that many of you, after reading the article, decided to start spinning and knitting from the spun the most genuine healing and warming things. Let's see, but how many gets spinner. After wandering through the expanses of the Internet and finding a fewsuggestions I share with you found. You can find unkempt sheep yarn with primary processing (ie, free from visible contamination) at a cost of 400 rubles per 1 kg. If we assume that this is an excellent wool, and after chees there will be at least 80% for further work - this is 800 grams, then we will have 16 skeins of 50 grams each. The cost of materials, taking into account the rejection of 1 hank will be 25 rubles. As we have already found out, in 18 hours, spinning can spin 150-350 grams of yarn. This 3-7 balls of 50 grams. Take for calculation the average output of 250 grams of yarn (5 skeins of 50 grams each) and assume that the yarn is working the whole working day, i.e. 8 ocloc'k. During these 8 hours, she can spin 110 grams. These are 2 skeins weighing 50 grams + small tail. It should be borne in mind that spinning yarns selling their production work not only when they spin, but also when they are looking for suppliers of raw materials, conclude deals, advertise goods, communicate with customers, look for partners. The whole process takes a huge amount of time, which is also included in the cost of yarn. This time is even a little longer than the production process itself - I’m talking to you as the blog owner. But we take the best (incubator conditions) and will take for the calculations equal to the production time. We produced 2 balls of yarn in a day, for the rest of the working moments we will also take 1 day. Or distribute - we spin half a day, half do other things. It turns out in one day we make 1 ball and carry out work on distribution. The cost of wool purchased per hank is 25 rubles. One skein of finished yarn costs 500 rubles. Subtract the cost of raw materials from the cost of finished yarn 25 rubles and get an added value of 475 rubles. This payment of one working day is spicy. We take 5 working days a week and multiply by 4 weeks in a month, it turns out 25 working days (do not swear an accountant, do we expect an approximate benefit?). Earning 475 rubles a day for 25 days, spinner earns 9,500 rubles. Agree that this is not so much for such a titanic work! And if we take into account that we did not take into account tools, consumables and resources, we get even less. The beginning spinner will transfer not one kilogram of raw materials to learn, because even professionals sometimes have a marriage, what to say about beginners. And not everyone can knit from defective yarn, and not everyone will buy it even at a discount. Nobody argues that spinning can earn and much more, but this is when their own customer base is accumulated, word of mouth and announcements placed in huge quantities begin to work! Therefore, there is only one verdict - if there is no one to teach you, but there is a desire and opportunity to cheaply obtain raw materials, spin it in pleasure, not chasing income, otherwise the image above will go in the opposite direction. Spinning yarn is a time-consuming and responsible process that must be learned from an early age to achieve an effect on the conscious period of life. And if you want to knit from hand-spun yarn, buy from proven yarn. One such I will gladly recommend you! ? Become in line for natural yarn! ? In the next review will be an opportunity to make an order for first-class yarn! You can order yarn from a real spinner on this page: Do not forget to add a useful MK to your bookmarks! ? Your e-mail: * Your name: * Here is a very interesting letter I received in response to the article: Elena! I was even lucky enough to try to spin the wool by hand, Russian women in old times were spun on the spindle, and in Kazakhstan, in Kazakhstan, the Kazakh women called the spindle “Urshyk” a slightly different form. So once I had to prepare girls for a beauty contest and there was such a “contest of craftsmanship in spinning”, well, out of curiosity, I also tried this ancient instrument with my own hands on wool. As you probably know, Kazastan was famous for animal husbandry even before the Soviet era and in Soviet times, and therefore wool has always been, not so much, cows are now imported from America and the Netherlands. For such a country, this is considered shameful! But still there is private livestock. And we had to see the so-called pre-revolutionary method of felting wool of famous Kazakh felted carpets. So I am familiar with this all firsthand. Somewhere in the remote corners of our Kazakhstan, in the south, for example, you can still buy home-spun wool. And the process of preparing wool for spinning Lenochka, if you knew how hard it is, we will definitely not have enough patience and patience for our contemporaries. But it is interesting, of course, no matter what. In a word, to do this you need a very measured mode of life, you need to be so down to earth and in love with this business. It's not about us. We with our crazy rhythm of life do not pull it. Thanks to you anyway, let others know what it is. Share in social. networks </a> Navigation by records
Spinning of wool: 6 comments
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