Knitting threads: types, properties and rules for the selection of yarns

Knitting threads: types, properties and rules for the selection of yarns


The first thing about beginners knittersKnitting needles or crochet - what are the threads for knitting to use in this or that case? After all, they are produced in a huge assortment, capable of simply confusing: wool, acrylic, viscose, linen, cotton, silk, polyester, with fringes, knots, pawns.
To knit or crochet different things,Accessories or toys you need one kind of thread, for embroidery - others. Of course, buying them in a specialized store, the easiest way to ask advice from a consultant. But without a minimum knowledge of the composition, thickness, properties of yarn used in those or other cases, you will be doomed to buy threads in this way, and rely entirely on the opinion of sellers. But today you can order material much easier - just a few clicks in online stores. No queues, no counters, no trips to and from the store. We looked at the photo, read the description - and chose what you need. By the way, needles, needles, patterns for embroidery and other accessories can be bought in the same place. Therefore, we offer to understand the varieties of thread and for knitting and embroidering.

Varieties of yarn

For convenience, we divide them into several parameters. The composition of the produced yarn is the following:

  • Natural (wool, linen, cotton);
  • Artificial (consists of natural materials: viscose);
  • Synthetic (completely chemical composition: acrylic, polyester);
  • Mixture (it is used most often, it is a mixture of natural and artificial fibers).

Types of natural woolen threads
What kinds of woolen threads arePopular with needlewomen? Woolen yarn is produced from animal wool (usually goats or sheep, less often - rabbits, camels, sometimes even dogs). It can be of varying degrees of hairiness, it can be quite thick, or, on the contrary, thin. Such threads are warm enough, elastic and beautiful. However, pure woolen fiber is strongly stretched and peeled (forms ugly "pellets"). To solve this problem, synthetic fibers (polyester or acrylic) are often added to knitting yarns. Acrylic and other can be seen on the label, which shows the percentage ratio of fibers of different composition.
From thick yarn knitting knits warm things: Scarves, sweaters, hats, socks. Thin goes for the creation of light shawls, blouses, blousons, sarafans, woolen mulina is used for embroidering rugs, pillows, tapestries, when you need to create a three-dimensional surface. Of medium-length thread, women's or children's dresses are made, elegant jackets, vests.
Woolen yarn with short nap Merino -The yarn is the most delicate and delicate. They produce it from the wool of merino sheep, due to its softness it is suitable for making children's things. Such woolen threads stand somewhat more expensive than others.
Cashmere is another type of fine yarn. The raw material for it is the undercoat of cashmere goats. Often produced in a mixture with artificial fibers, for example, acrylic.
Alpaca is a very warm yarn, not prone toPeeling, because it consists of fibers of great length. Raw materials for its production are llama wool, most often natural tones, as it is difficult to color.
Camel - also refers to a fairly thin thread of natural tones.
Woolen yarn with long pile
Natural woolen long-sleeved (fluffy) thin types of yarn for knitting needles include mohair and angora. Due to the presence of long fluff, they are not recommended for children.
Angora. Produced from wool of Angora rabbits. It often happens in a mixture with other fibers. By the degree of fluffiness is inferior to mohair. Things from Angorka are quite elegant and warm.
Mohair. The raw material for it is a thin, light wool of goats. Woolen threads of high quality, warm and very fluffy. They are knitted with warm shawls and shawls. Often used for making knitting needles very beautiful blouses. These items look more voluminous than from angorka.
Natural woolen yarn
Such threads include linen, cotton,Silk and bamboo. Their peculiarity is that in pure form they are used mainly for knitting of demi-season or summer things, because they are not thick enough and warm to be able to knit winter clothes from them.
Cotton. The threads of this material are good for air, the body is cool in them, but they are not elastic enough. And this means, having decided to knit from these threads with knitting needles, determine how much they are twisted. If it is strong enough (as, for example, "Iris"), then it is better to crochet these threads. After all, for the spokes need a slightly twisted, soft yarn. Often, cotton is then added with wool (or acrylic) to make it more elastic and thick; Sell ​​in the same skeins as ordinary yarn for spokes, not tangles. Cotton thread-a floss for embroidery is also produced. Such coils are much shorter than those designed for knitting with needles - only 8-20 meters.
Linen. These threads are also natural, they are made up of light summer things. They are badly bleached and dyed, so they are released mostly in natural gray-beige hues. Such threads are distinguished by high rigidity and low elasticity. So it's bad for working on knitting needles. Therefore, flax in its pure form is preferable to crochet or used for embroidery. To work on knitting need more flexible options - with the addition of, for example, wool, (or acrylic).

Silk. Silk threads are made from cocoons of silkworm. Silk thread is thin and strong, with noble shine. It is easily dyed, and the body feels cool in the heat. Silk threads are very expensive in production, so knitting is most often used in combination with acrylic, wool and other fibers for knitting. In addition, they are available in the form of a stitch for embroidery.
Bamboo is a cellulose yarn obtained from fibersBamboo. It is light, soft, but strong enough. Ideal for making summer things. Suitable for knitting with children's knitting needles, since it absorbs moisture well, has antimicrobial properties, is not allergenic.
Artificial fiber Viscose, or artificialsilk. It is also made from wood fibers. Heavy, smooth and shiny, viscose like silk. These threads are not thick at all, they are good for knitting with knitting needles for a warm season (but not for heat), or in a mixture with other fibers to give them strength.

Acrylic, or artificial wool. Synthetic fiber, which is often added to other woolen threads to give them strength, durability. Sometimes acrylic is recommended even for making children's clothes. But it should be noted that acrylic is almost not "breathing", poorly absorbs moisture, but it is highly electrified.

Knitted yarn. Thick synthetic threads, for work with knitting needles are bad. But crochet of them knit bags, toys, decorative rugs.

Video: Yarn Review

Different knitting effects

A number of artificial and mixed threads for knitting with crochets or crochet today produce a large amount of yarn with a wide variety of decorative effects:

  • With woven patches;
  • Bouquered yarn - with small "knots";
  • With pompons or "bumps";
  • With beads or beads;
  • Tape (for knitting with knitting needles scarves, cuffs or decorative border on the bottom of products);
  • Multicolored;
  • Napped ("grass");
  • With fringe (for knitting different products with knitting needles with the effect of artificial fur);
  • With lurex (with woven thin metallic thread, not necessarily color for gold or silver);
  • Shaped (consists of threads of different thickness, density, composition, torsion, color).

As you can see from the title, such threads for knittingAre suitable for giving things different effects. From such a yarn, elegant, exclusive things are produced for special occasions, most of which are not intended for everyday wear. Therefore hygienic and properties and thermal conductivity of such threads are not high, this should be taken into account. Their main virtue is not practicality, but beauty. Look at the various photos of products made of such threads, and you will understand everything yourself.

Separately, we take out the yarn used for
. It can be made either woolen orMixed. But the main distinguishing feature of it is that it is very thick, several times thicker than any other. If you think you have not seen such a thread on sale - look at their photos on the web, and understand what is at stake.
In addition to all the listed species, there is still a great variety of shades and variants of color solutions: monophonic yarn, melange, sectional dyeing.

What brand to choose

And of course, one more issue that is certainWill arise for beginner craftsmen: which producers of knitting yarns should be trusted for? Of course, we are talking about a good, high-quality yarn, from which even beginners knitters will get much more accurate and beautiful things than from the usual "tangles from the market." Probably one of the first names that emerges from experienced knitters is "Alise". This Turkish brand is extremely popular with us because of the pleasant ratio of price and quality. Of Russian producers, it is, first of all, "Pehorka", "Semenovskaya", "Troitskaya" yarn, as well as threads of the firm "Kamteks"; From Ukrainian - "Yaroslav" and "Vivchari". You can also note the Belarusian "Areola". They are trusted by thousands of knitters in our country.
Deciding to tie a beautiful, high-quality product,Please pay attention not only to the color, thickness, tips for the care of a particular yarn, but also to its composition, properties, purpose and firm-manufacturer. All this will help you on the path of increasing the mastery of knitting. And it is not just words. Of a poor-quality material, an elegant thing will not work even with a very skilful and experienced craftsman. This is the rule of any kind of needlework.

Video: How to choose the right yarn for knitting