The technology of the kind of needlework of patchwork sewing is simpleand is interesting for both experienced masters and beginners. Nevertheless, in addition to desire, you also need some knowledge (types and techniques, methods of fabric selection and joining methods) that will help in the process of creating beautiful products that are distinguished by their originality and uniqueness. Like the usual mosaic, this unique work with scraps (patchwork mosaic) is very exciting and exciting. Only in this case, paintings and clothing, as well as other things are created by assembling them from separate pieces of different materials. Even in ancient times in all countries of the world, women used this method to decorate their house, provide themselves and their loved ones with clothes, sew a blanket or a pillow. True, initially such a desire was dictated, rather a necessity, since the limit of funds and the abundance of materials were limited. To date, this kind of needlework is nothing more than a creative process, an art that allows you to express yourself, your inner world by creating various compositions from pieces of fabric and introducing them into all things used in everyday life. The technology of this kind of decorative and applied art was developed and improved over many centuries. Therefore, there are many ideas for creativity and many techniques to create beautiful products using conventional materials and tools. Fundamentals of patchwork technology First you need to prepare the fabric or the remains of such. Sorting them by color and texture is one of the very important moments, thanks to which the future canvas will be homogeneous, holistic and aesthetically attractive. At the second stage, the sketch is processedcomposition, picture. It is not difficult for the skilled worker, who already knows all the subtleties of the work, but beginner needlewomen will most easily use ready-made sketches and schemes that they can find in various sources. Based on the schemes, and cut out the shred of the right size, which then will be interconnected in one way or another. The third stage is the assembling of disparate parts by means of seams or, in the case of a knitted patchwork, using a hook for knitting and thread, more often using contrasting ones. In this case, the elements are first joined into distinctive blocks, which, in turn, are joined into the fabric of the future product, and then the lining material is sewn. In addition to textiles and threads, each needlewoman will need a set of tools.
- To cut the fabric you need sharp scissors, although often use a specially purchased knife (roller), which is much more convenient and faster to work with.
- Needles and pins.
- Machine sewing or a hook for knitting.
- Crayons or pencil to make outlines on textiles.
- Paper sheets for sketches.
- Cardboard, paper (dense enough) or plastic (soft) for making templates.
The whole set of tools, which does not includeonly a sewing machine, you can buy in any store for needlework. Very often it includes, also, already prepared sketches and diagrams. This acquisition is especially important for beginners. What kinds of patchwork sewing happen This handicraft is quite extensive and diverse. It has its own kinds and techniques. The most common are:
- traditional patchwork;
- crazy patchwork;
- patchwork knitted;
- Japanese patchwork;
Traditional patchwork is afabrication of an integral web by joining individual pieces of fabric. such a fabric has a front and back sides and a sewn lining. All elements have a geometric shape Suitable for making both large and small things. This species refers to Anglo-American needlework. Crazy patchwork or, as it is still accepted sometimescall, "crazy shred", a technology in which irregular shapes and patterns are created. Blanks in the form of rags are taken in different shapes, lengths and sizes. Stitches connecting details are easily decorated with ribbons or braid, and already the finished product is decorated with various materials, such as beads, buttons and so on. Patchwork knitted is a separate technology. Here all the elements are joined not by sewing, but by tying them together into one with the help of a hook and thread. Japanese patchwork combines tradition as aeastern culture, and Western. Most often used silk fabrics suitable for many types of products and stitch. Fragments of patches can have a square, diamond-shaped, triangular shape or be in the form of corners. Quilting - this concept includes morewide meaning. In addition to assembling from rags, stitch patterns are made along the canvas. In this case, between the two layers of the fabric, it is necessary to lay another layer of batting, sintepona or just cotton wool. Then, with the help of a sewing machine, this or that pattern is embroidered. Such products have a richer appearance than those created simply by assembling shreds. There are a lot of techniques for creating beautiful patterns, among them:
- "Quick squares"
- "Strip to strip"
- "Magic triangles"
- "Patchwork corners"
- «Russian square»
- "Lapachikha" and much more.
It is these drawings that create the uniqueness andoriginality. Each of them is in its own way good and absolutely not complicated, as can be seen from some schemes. There is a huge number of ideas for creativity. The technology of patchwork sewing gives a wide field for creativity. This way you can sew not only blankets or bedspreads and clothes, but also make a wonderful panel, rug, pictures on the wall and a lot of interesting accessories. In any case, the products will be exclusive and beautiful, concealing something special. A little effort and desire and you can easily cope with any technique of patchwork and any product.