How to crochet booties in the form of sneakers, step-by-step photos, diagrams and a detailed description of two variants of knitting pinets for kids
Knitting is one of the oldest types of needlework. Although the evidence of when exactly the first thing was related, and what exactly it was, in history has not survived. According to one of the versions the first to take in the hands of the bone hook sailors, or rather anglers. With their help, they repaired the networks, and since the size of the cells in the networks was different, different loops were used for their repair. According to another version, the first knitted things appeared more than 4000 years ago in Ancient Egypt. This is evidenced by the children's shoes found by archeologists. No less ancient finds were in Peru and Greece. There is an opinion that knitting was mastered by different tribes in parallel. In Europe, this kind of needlework came about in the 9th century AD. Three centuries later it became one of the popular crafts and remains so today. The needleworkers knit crochet and knitting needles with real masterpieces. This can be a lace tablecloth, and author's dress, and a bright, beautiful children's overalls. For those who are just learning to crochet, there are not a few things that are easy to accomplish. In this case, they will be no less beautiful than the work of experienced craftsmen and will certainly please both the needlewoman and the owner. In this article we will offer a master class on knitting baby pin-crochets. These small products are perfect for beginner needlewomen. Their history begins in the 70's. 19th century. The first author of children's soft shoes was a Frenchman, a shoe maker Pina. It was his name that gave the name to the shoes for toddlers, which has survived to this day. Of course, in the Frenchman's workshop booties were made of suede, leather and husky, and not crocheted, but the name was fixed for all the footwear intended for children who have not yet gone. Knit booties are mostly made from natural yarn: cotton or wool, with the addition of silk, bamboo and flax. For a gentle baby skin, it is important that the strands do not prick and be hypoallergenic. For those who are just starting to learn knitting, there are several important points. The first is the thickness of the thread and the number of the hook. Usually on a label with a yarn specify, what crochet it is necessary to knit. If for some reason you have a thread, and there is no information about the hook, then simply measure the diameter of the hook in the thinnest place at the head. This figure must match the diameter of the thread. Using the thickness of the yarn, you can easily change the size of the booties with the same pattern. The second important point is taking measurements and calculating loops. Little children are unlikely to sit quietly while you are measuring their legs, so just circle your baby's foot on a piece of paper. The length is determined by the distance from the heel to the end of the thumb, the width - in the middle of the track. Most of the pins are knitted as follows: first the sole, and then the top. Knitting soles occur around the set of chains from the air loops. In order to know its length, it is necessary to take the width from the length of the foot. For example, the length of the foot is 10 cm, the width is 5 cm, hence the length of the chain from the v. will be 5 cm. It is also necessary to relate the sample to 10 x 10 cm in order to calculate how many loops per cm, and how much it is necessary to connect the st. of the chaining chain. If you want, you can still take the measurement of the leg's leg circumference.
It will take:
- Cotton yarn of white (150 m / 50 g) and brown melange (169 m / 50 g) colors;
- 2 buttons with legs;
- Hook No. 2.
The length of the foot in the example 9 cm. We start the work with a white thread. We dial 12 cent. + 3 timesp. The first river. In the fourth from the hook loop we knit 5 tbsp. s / n, then 10 tbsp. c / n, in the last loop of the chain we knit 6 tbsp. c / n and begin to knit 10 tbsp. c / n already from the opposite side of the chain chain. We finish the series 1 c.s. in the 3rd cp. The second river. 3 percentage points 1 tbsp. c / n with the same base loop. Then we knit in the next 5 loops of the first row of 2 tbsp. s / n with a common base. Then 10 tbsp. c / n and again in six loops we knit 2 tbsp. c / n with a common base, then 10 tbsp. с / н and we finish a circle 1 с.с. Third r. 3 percentage points 1 tbsp. c / n in the same loop of the base, then knit, alternating 1 tbsp. s / n and 2 tbsp. s / n with a common base 5 times. Further 11 tbsp. s / n, and alternate 6 times 2 tbsp. s / n with a common base and 1 t. c / n, further knit the circle of Art. with / n. Finish as before 1 с.с. Fourth р. 3 percentage points 1 tbsp. s / n in the same basis, 2 tbsp. s / n, then 5 times knit (2 items of s / n with a common base, 2 items of s / n), then 10 st. s / n and 6 times (2 items of s / n with a common base, 2 items of s / n), again 10 tbsp. с / н and 1 с.с. in the 3rd cp. The Fifth River. 3 percentage points 1 tbsp. s / n in the same basis, 3 tbsp. s / n, then 5 times knit (2 st.s / s with a common base, 3 st.s / n), then 10 st. s / n and 6 times (2 items of s / n with a common base, 3 items of s / n), again 10 tbsp. с / н and 1 с.с. in the 3rd cp. On this knitting our soles is over. If you need to make it larger, knit the following rows increasing the amount of art. s / n between 2 tbsp. s / n with a common basis is similar to the previous series. When the sole is connected, without detachment of the thread, we proceed to the rims. Spray without augmentation 1 circle with relief concave st. s / n and 1 circle polust. with / n. The next row is knitted with brown yarn Art. b / n without additions. And then 2 more circles of white yarn polust. with / n. Let's go to the knitting of the sneaker. To do this, select the central 23 loops from one narrow side. You can use contrasting threads, staples or special plastic markers for this. A number of the transition from the rim to the spout is also knitted with relief concave columns. The first river. spout: tying with alternating 2 tbsp. s / n with a common vertex and 1 tbsp. with / n. It turned out 15 loops. The second river. spout: we knit 2 tbsp. with a common vertex. It turned out 8 loops. Third r. spout: we sew all the loops of st. with a common vertex. Our spout is finished. It remains only to fix, cut and hide the thread. Now you need to wrap the free edge of the nozzle with one row of st. b / n. it needs to be done so that when the colors change from white to brown, there is a beautiful and even border. Now you need to attach a brown thread. We fix it, as shown in the photo, between the two extreme st. spout. We knit a half. c / n to the spout on the other side. All the subsequent rows we knit back, polust. with a brown melange thread, cutting 2 loops from each edge of the row. For this, we simply tie them together. The girth of the sides of the pinotochka should be slightly smaller than the grasp of the baby's leg. In this case, when we lace up the kedik, the lace will be beautifully visible. If the edges of the booties will close closely on the foot, all the beauty will be lost. Another important point is the height of the booties. If it is low, it will always move out of the baby's leg. the ideal option is the height, above the ankle. Then, thanks to lace-up, the pinetochka will tightly clasp the leg. For the 9 cm soles of the soles, 8 to 9 rows should suffice. We fasten, fix and fasten the thread. Now let's start knitting the tongue. He also performs brown yarn. Preparation of the first row we have already done - tied a spout 1 near the station. b / n. knit with return rows of polust. with / n. The tongue should be slightly longer than the sides. So we tie it to 3 - 4 rows more. The next stage is tying. With a brown thread we tie a tongue and sides with one row of Art. b / n. this will create an even and accurate border. Next row we knit too art. b / n but already with white thread. Instead of a cord, we knit a chain of b. white thread of necessary length. In order to lace up the shoe, we pass our shoe to the sides, between polust. with / n. this can be done not for the extreme, but for the second, or even third with the edge of the half. with / n. The ced is ready, it remains only to decorate it. We knit a white thread. We dial 8 cp. and close the ring. 3 percentage points and 16 tbsp. c / n in the ring. Now we tie it up with a "step by step". It turned out a fun circle with relief edges. There are two such. Now take our buttons, insert the legs into the holes of the circles and sew. Now it only remains to sew a circle with a button to the outer side of the kedik and tie the pair together. The following pinetochki-sneakers are connected in more contrasting colors: white, blue and red. It will take:
- Threads from 100% cotton 150 m / 50 g three colors;
- Hook No. 2.
Below is a diagram of knitting soles. If desired, you can reduce or increase its size by adding or subtracting the loop of the initial chain. Due to the fact that each row of loops of differentsize, the expansion of the sole is achieved so, where in the future we will knit the pin of the pinot. We dial 20 points. white yarn. The first river. The second from the hook loop we knit 1 tbsp. b / n, then in the loop of the chain we knit 8 tbsp. b / n, then 9 tbsp. with / n. In the last loop of the chain must be tied 7 tbsp. with / n. Now go to the second side of the chain and knit symmetrically 9 st. s / n, 9 tbsp. b / n and 6 tbsp. c / n in the first loop of the chain. We finish 1 с.с. The second river. 3 percentage points further 19 tbsp. с / н, then 5 times to connect 2 tbsp. s / n with a common base, 20 tbsp. c / n and again 5 times 2 tbsp. s / n with a common base. End 1 с.с. The third р.3 в.п.п., knits 19 st. c / n, now the following compositions should be linked twice (2 items of s / n with a common base + 1 st.s / n), (2 items of s / n with a common base), (1 items c / n + 2 s / n with a common base). Now we knit the second side - 20 tbsp. c / n, and then repeat the mirror image of the songs that we knitted twice. Finish 1 с.с. It should turn out 72 loops. The fourth row we knit without the addition of art. s / n for the external half loop. Finish 1 с.с. From the fifth row begins knitting the side of the booties. We knit art. s / n without increases for both half-loops. The Sixth River. 1 ppp, knit art. b / n without additions. We finish the circle 1 c.s. This loop is made with a red thread, but the white thread is not torn off. Seventh r. to turn out knitting. We knit with a red thread without the addition of art. b / n. We finish 1 с.с. the red thread is fixed and cut off. Eighth r. knit with a white thread. Without an increase in art. b / n. Fold the kedik in half along and mark 7 loops from the center. On these 14 loops we will further tie the spout. The ninth river. begins with the eighth loop. We will knit the back part of the kedik with threads of blue color. We knit art. with / n. This and all the other rows we knit with return (back and forth). Tenth r. knit art. b / n. 11th р. and all the subsequent odd knits as follows: 4 bp, 3 loops to pass, knit st. s / n, not reaching the end of the series 4 loops, knit Art. with 2 / н in the last loop of the row. The 12th р. and all subsequent even vyazhem st. b / n. The last row is the 19th. Now we knit a kedik's nose. We sew the white thread 4 bp. The first river. in the first loop we knit 6 tbsp. with / n. 7 poles for the second row were obtained. The second river. Double the number of loops by tying in 2 tbsp. s / n with a common base in each loop. Third r. knit art. b / n without additions. We got a semicircle. Now we must tie an even part of the st. b / n. we get 12 loops. This is necessary in order for the transition from color to color to be even. The next 14 rows are knitted with a blue thread as follows: even rows of st. b / n, odd series of art. with / n. fix and cut the thread. Nose kedika with the tongue are ready. Every good pair of shoes has an emblem. For knitting kedikov we knit it with white yarn. The first river. In the ring of 5 cp. we knit 3 cp and 17 tbsp. with / n. we finish 1 с.с. The second river. tying all the art. b / n without additions. The thread is fixed and cut off. Now on the emblem you can embroider a flower, some pattern or a letter of the baby's name. The last stage of the work is assembly. We begin with sewing a spout. To do this, turn the kedik inside out, on the inside we put the front side of the workpiece for the spout and sew the round white part to those 14 loops of the sole with the sides, which we did not tie. Now we return to the third and fourth rows of the sole, where we were tying for one half loop. It is necessary to bind a white string for the second half-loop a number of ss. Hold the product while knitting this row up with the soleplate. Now take a white thread with a needle and begin to tie or lace the holes in the blue part of the side of the booties along the edges, where we made the omissions of the loops. This hole for the cord. To tie a string, you need to dial about 180- 190 v.p. and link the 1 st line of Art. b / n. at the ends of the cord will look beautiful brushes. It remains to connect the pair to our kediku, pass the shoelaces into the holes, which we trimmed with white threads and everything is ready - you can put on sneakers to a small football player.