The evergreen tree was a magic treelong before the appearance of Christianity. She was considered a symbol of courage, loyalty and immortality. Celtic druids correlated with spruce on December 23. According to their calendar, this day a spirit of fertility was born and a new annual cycle began. The tradition of decorating a Christmas tree in honor of the winter solstice (the period from December 25 to January 7), there are many centuries. The pagan holiday marked the coming of the new year. People believed that the spruce inhabited by spirits, bringing a rich harvest and longevity. They chose the largest and most beautiful tree, and hung on it offerings and gifts, seeking to receive the support and help of spirits. The Romans believed that during this period the god Saturn conquered the winter. They celebrated the victory and gave gifts to each other. The ubiquitous tradition of decorating the Christmas tree on the holiday began in Germany around the 16th century. At that time, cookies, apples, artificial flowers and other ornaments from paper were hung on the tree. In Russia, the Christmas tree, as a symbol of the holiday, appears during the reign of Peter I. By the decree of 1699, a new chronology was introduced, and the new year was to be celebrated according to the European tradition on January 1. Since this time, the Christmas tree for almost a century then shone with New Year's lights, then went underground. During the reign of the Bolsheviks, it was considered a whim of the rich bourgeois. Only since 1935 the green beauty again began to please children and adults at the celebration of the New Year. If you want to decorate your house with a Christmas tree, we can offer you to weave it from beads. A miniature green beauty will delight all year round, will become a wonderful designer element in the decoration of the room or a nice New Year's gift to friends and family. Snow-covered fur-tree In this master class, we will perform the Christmas tree in one of the simplest beadwork techniques - needle. It is also called the technique of coral. It will take:
- Beads 11/0 (about 80 g of green and 20 g of white flowers);
- Thin wire 0.3 mm (3 coils);
- A small round candle;
- Gypsum or alabaster;
- Food film;
- Capacity for the stand;
- White paint;
- Old toothbrush;
- Elements of decor.
For each needles we need to string 6green beads and 2 white on a piece of wire of convenient length. Move from near the center, now take one end of the wire and pass to all the beads except the last white so that this wire tail comes out of the first green bead next to the first end. When we delay the delay we will get 1 needle. Now we need to weave another 3 - 4 needles. For this, we alternately use one or the other wire tails. Between the needles you need to make a small distance, so that then all 4 - 5 pieces twist together, in 1 bundle. We got one needle in the center and the rest is slightly lower around it. Now on both ponytails of the wire you need to thread 2 - 3 beads of green color and again weave several needles. Do not forget to knit white beads for the ends of needles. In the finished form in the Christmas tree it will create a kind of snow-covered branches. It is necessary to weave a few more tiers ofNeedles. Their number will depend on the height at which the twigs will be located from the top of the head. The lower to the bottom, the more tiers there should be. Spread them up towards the very first needle. When all the blanks are ready, we begincollect our snow-covered Christmas tree. To do this, we take a small workpiece - this will be the crown. Now around it, we screw 4 small pieces. With each tier, increase the size of the blanks. The size and size of your twigs will depend on the size of the Christmas tree in the end. Twist the wire tails must be very tight, because the Christmas tree we have a small and internal rod we did not do. Since our tree has thick branches,We will not decorate the trunk. When the Christmas tree reaches the desired size, it is necessary to make a loop from the wire twisted trunk for convenient fastening in the stand. The capacity is covered with polyethylene. We raise a little alabaster with water, put the Christmas tree in a container with a mixture and wait until it freezes. While the alabaster is finally frozen, it is necessary to make a recess for the candle, and to impart a loose snow texture with an old toothbrush. When the alabaster dries, cover it with white paint, we decorate it with beads, stones, etc., if desired. we insert a candle and our snow-covered fir-tree is ready. Herringbone woven from the cabin We will weave it in loop technique. Materials and tools:
- 50 g of felling green;
- 5 g of brown felling;
- 50 m of brown wire (can be bought in shops on needlework or floristics);
- 2 pearls;
- Standing (empty container);
- Elements of decor (stones, beads, etc.);
- Alabaster or gypsum.
In our tree will be ten tiers of 4 branches ineach. Create a Christmas tree from the top of the head. On a piece of wire length of 45 cm thread a large silver bead, slightly smaller than a golden one, 1 white bugle and 1 golden bead. Now we pass the other end of the wire in the opposite direction through the glass bead and two beads. On both ends of the wire string 1 green felling, and then for each separately for 4 more felling. Now we twist the tails of the wire so that the last 8 cuttings form a loop. We make 4 turns of wire. At each end we put on 4 green felling, 2 brown and 4 green again. Twist the loops so that you can make 3 - 4 turns of wire (see photo). At the same level, you need to make 2 more loops and arrange them around the perimeter around the crown with beads. For weaving twigs of the second tierthere will be 4 pieces of wire 25 cm in length. Each sham has three loops, placing them in a staggered order. The loop consists of 3 green felling, 2 brown and 3 green. Between the loops the distance is approximately 4 twists. After the third eyelet you need to make 3 twists For the next tier, wire segments of 30 cm are necessary. Each branch has 5 loops. In the last two loops of each twig, we increase the number of green felling, instead of 3 we type 4. For the fourth tier of branches, 8pieces of wire with a length of 30 cm. Each branch has 5 loops. In the first three branches are still 3 green, 2 brown and again 3 green felling. The next two loops have 6 green, 2 brown, 6 green beads. Between the loops still 4 turns of wire, after the fifth loop also 4 turns. Twist 2 pieces together for 3 turns, as in the photo. Twigs of the fifth tier with a piece of wire35 cm in length. We need 4 pieces. Each branch has 7 loops. The first loops are a plait for the fourth tier, but the loop with 6 green felling will not be 2, but 4. The sixth tier. It requires 8 pieces of wire and 8 loops on each segment. Number of beads in the loop as in the fifth tier. In order to fasten the branches, an additional wire cut is required in pairs. The length is approximately 20 cm. We take one twig and make 12 turns with an additional wire, then we twist the second branch by 15 turns (see photo) and wind it tightly, as if springs. The seventh tier. Needed 4 segments of 60 cm in length. In the center of the wire, make the first loop. Now weave 6 loops on one wire tail, leaving the second free. Loops of a plait, as for the sixth tier (see photo). We make about 7 turns of wire after the 7th loop and weave a similar branch of 7 loops at the second wire end. There will be additional pieces of wire and coils-springs similar to the sixth tier. Eighth tier. Need 8 pieces of wire. 4 to 60 cm and 4 to 30 cm and 4 additional segments. On large segments of the spear twigs are analogous to the seventh tier, on short segments need twigs with 5 loops. We assemble in the following order. We make 15 turns of springs on a larger branch, attach a smaller one and 15 more turns. Ninth tier. We perform the same as the eighth tier. Blanks with the same number of loops. Only in the springs we do 18 turns. Tenth tier. Also need 8 pieces of wire for twigs. 4 to 70 cm and 4 to 35. Another 4 additional pieces. Twigs of a plait are similar to the previous two tiers, but the loop should be made for a large twig of 8 and 9 pieces, and for a smaller one - 7 pieces. The number of turns between the blanks to make 22. We begin to assemble a Christmas tree. We need an auxiliary wire, which we uncoil from the coil, but we do not cut it off. Now take our head with beads and begin to wind spiral wire tails. Gradually increase the distance between the tiers. On the vertex, we make 0.7 cm and reach 1.2 cm between the lower tiers. An additional bar for the barrel is not required,The wire winding of the branches is strong enough by itself. When you finish joining the branch, it remains only to twist the loop at the end of the wire, placing it in a horizontal plane. Now we need to dilute the alabaster with water, put our Christmas tree in a container and fill it with a mixture. Wait until it dries, setting temporary supports, so that the tree does not tilt aside. After the final solidification, the surface under the tree is covered with a layer of glue and decorated with various pebbles, beads, moss or any other decor elements that you like. If you take a steel wire instead of a copper wire and choose a white and silver bead, then you can make a snowman tree. Forest Belly of Beads Approximately 20 cm in height. It is woven in needle technique. Materials and tools:
- Beads 10/0 green 70 g;
- Beads 8/0 different colors, felling, bugles and sequins (for decorating a Christmas tree);
- Wire 0,3 mm 1 coil;
- Stand for a tree (in this master class - a slice of a tree);
- Medium and thick wire for twigs and trunks of brown color;
- Decorative elements (in this master class - moss).
The diagram shows a detailed and step-by-stepthe process of weaving twigs. If you want to decorate them with beads or glass beads, then you should do it directly during the weaving process (Figure 6). The principle of creating twigs, like many trees - from small to large. In order for the herringbone to turn out lush it is necessary to weave a large number of blanks. How to connect them into large twigs is shown in Figure 7. Figures 1 through 4 show how to do thea small workpiece. Cut 3 green beads into a piece of wire and move them to the middle. Now we take one end of the wire and let it pass through two beads nearest to the edge. The technique of weaving is called a needle or coral. When we tighten the wire, we will get a "needle" of three beads in our hands (see Figure 1). Now, on one of the tails of the wire, we put on 3 more beads and pass the free end of this tail in 2 beads coming to the first needle. The wire is tightened and we have a second needle perpendicular to the first one (see Figure 2). With the second wire tail go the same way. We get 3 needles. One looks to the right, one up and one left (see Figure 3). Now, on both ponytails of wire string 2 beads (see Figure 4). If you need longer blanks, you will need to weave one more needle on each side and thread two more beads on both ends of the wire after. Twist the ends several times, fixing the beads. All the needles are in the same plane. For pieces of medium-sized wire (approx. 0.7-1 mm), attach the workpieces as shown in Figure 7. Now, on the piece of the thickest wire, we begin to attach our branches. Wire tails, free from beads, bend perpendicularly to the plane of the needles. We put them to our trunk and tightly reel. If you have brown wire, then tightly tying it, you can no longer paint the barrel in addition. Springs have tiers. Above - the smallest, on the lower tiers are large. Loose the free end of the barrel wire and bend it so that the Christmas tree fits comfortably on a wooden stand. Stick to the tree. Decorate with moss and our tree is ready.