Crafting of crafts from various plastic materials- a very popular kind of needlework and hobbies. Kids and adults create a variety of things from clay, plasticine, dough, gypsum, plastics and even from culinary mastic. For children such a pleasant pastime also fulfills a developmental function. All the fingers and toes of the baby are involved in modeling. This has a beneficial effect on the fine motor skills of crumbs, which in turn fosters the development of memory, vocabulary, speech, imagination and creative thinking, as well as the ability to concentrate. The children at the age of five have already increased their understanding of the shape of the object, but they still do not know how to correctly convey all the proportions, and very often individual parts of the craft are not well fixed. At the same time, crumbs at the age of four to five years are better at perceiving verbal instruction. The teacher continues the lessons on the use of the entire brush and fingers, the development of interest in modeling. Also, the teacher clarifies the understanding of the forms of objects, the structure and proportion of individual elements and teaches them to be transferred to modeling. In the middle group, more emphasis is placed on the aesthetics of the image of various forms and their symmetry. Increasing requirements in the selection of independent tasks, methods and techniques for their implementation. Children need to be able to sculpt a shape with your fingertips and tighten the junction points of large elements, sculpt small pieces with a stick, or pinch them. The first classes of modeling in the middle group will be necessary in order for the children to remember what they were taught in the younger group. They will roll a piece of material straight or round and flatten out between the palms. This will help consolidate previously learned knowledge and more correctly fulfill the tasks of the teacher. Children mold not only with their hands, they try to convey the features of the forms with fingers. For example, the carrot is elongated and oval. Children should control their actions visually, as well as clearly represent the entire image of the subject as a whole. Before the beginning of winter, babies mold already known hand-made articles, perfect the transfer of forms and methods of modeling. All winter kids mold crafts or from onea whole piece, it can be vegetables or fruits, but can create products from several parts, for example, a cat, a doll, a snowman or a bunny. How to blind individual elements of these objects babies already know, but the proportions and ways of attachment need to be adjusted. In the younger group, babies were sculpting a tumbler of two balls, at lessons in the middle group the teacher would suggest to blind a snowman, his torso consists of three balls - large, smaller and quite small. You can dazzle a snowman's hands, a nose, or a hat. More difficult task will be a sitting cat. To start the crumbs mold the trunk-cylinder, then the tail-sausage and the head-ball. Pinching makes the front legs of the cat, and since it sits, the back can not be sculpted. There are new methods of shaping. The children learn to round out or vice versa, sharpen the end of the sausage with their fingers, pinch the edges of the flat cakes, giving the workpiece a more beautiful shape. The next three months will be devoted to the delaying of the material (clay, plasticine, etc.) when creating small parts, pressing fingers, to create hollow handicrafts. Kids will practice better spread out the material at the edges of the joints for a more intimate connection of parts and bend the flattened edges to form dishes. Here is a fish, you can mold it from one piece. Make it oval. One part of the plasticine is stretched out a little and rounded, it will be the head, the second part will stretch more and flatten at the end, making it flat is a tail. The fins are molded, tearing plasticine, and then using a stack draw scales or stick them on top of small pieces of plasticine. This exercise will help the children learn how to correctly transfer the shape of the object and compare its parts among themselves in shape and size. It is also necessary to teach the children to divide clay into the required number of parts. Here's a birdie. One clay plasticine should be divided into two parts. From one to blind body of a bird, and from another head and podstavochku. Another hack in this period is the dishes. It is done in two ways. The first is to press the finger into a round or cylindrical workpiece. Get a mug or a glass. I can make a handle for a cup or a cup of lace by tugging and pulling the material from the entire workpiece or sticking a small sausage, smearing the joints. The flat pancake is bent edges, so the kids will get a plate or saucer. All crafts kids can decorate, if desired, drawing the patterns stack or sticking it out of extra pancakes or plasticine sausages. Decorating their crafts, children receive positive emotions, developing a sense of symmetry. In summer, the kids consolidate their knowledge andskills. In this case, the teacher can give to perform not only familiar crafts, but also new ones, but only those that they can, for example, a mouse, a hedgehog, mushrooms in a basket or a bowl with berries. During all periods of study, the lessons have a theme. Some teachers ask, and some children choose themselves. Often kids mold already what they can. The main task of such lessons is that the children learn how to think out the topic on their own, finish the work to the end, apply all the forms of molding they know, and independently work on a more precise form of the craft and add it with additional elements. In order for the program to be successfully studied and fixed, appropriate teaching methods are needed that activate the attention of the children in the lessons of modeling and expand their understanding of the surrounding life. On walks the teacher suggests to children to consider attentively subjects which can become objects of molding. Like birds pecking feed or swimming fish in an aquarium. The teacher indicates only the basic form of the subject, the basic structure and proportions, those details of the subject that the children can already understand and blind. Here is a bird, with a round head, an oval body and a flat tail. The bird's head is on top, there is a small beak on it, and a tail at the bottom. But a small hedgehog, he has a small face and an oval body, he was frightened and curled up into a ball. Such explanations help the children to connect the image of the little animal and its position with the actions that it produces. The teacher can take in hand the representedsubject, show a general shape, and then call and show details. The children form a representation of the proportions of the subject and the form of its individual elements. Also for modeling, the teacher's comparisons of unfamiliar elements with already known children will help, for example, that the pupa of the handle has sticks, the body looks like a carrot in shape. The teacher demonstrates the process of creation, stretching material and fashioning the necessary detail, and accompanies it with a story. Here is the hedgehog. He has an oval trunk. Similar to the testicle. First you need to roll the ball, and then roll it in the palm back and forth, its shape has changed a bit, now you just need to stretch one side slightly with your fingers. It's a muzzle. At kids of 4 - 5 years not always leaves from the first to blind an oval form or firmly to connect details primming. All the crumbs are different, if someone does not work the first time, they can show other guys. At this age, the children can already be offered to the image not only the image as a whole, but also individual characteristics. For example, a pit in the base of an apple or stalk of eggplant. In order to make it more fun for children to prepare carrot tops or apple leaves from cardboard. Gradually, kids will learn to create these details from plasticine or other material. To make the images of handicrafts more vivid, you can suggest to consider, and then to blind toys or figures, already performed by the teacher before. At first it can be two figures of the same type, for example, birds, but one will peck the seeds, its torso and head are inclined, and the second just walks and its body is located exactly. Or it could be rabbits, one holding carrots in the front legs, and the second just sitting, and the carrot lies side by side. Such activities help the children to think about the variety of images. It may not be possible to pinch a few figures to kids, so let them focus on one that they liked most. You can beat the theme and the result of the work. Kids mold the birds and place them in one common feeding trough. In order for the children to learn correctlytransmit proportions, the teacher makes a comparison. If the babies mold the pupa, the teacher takes the pre-formed sausage (workpiece for the pens), divides it in half and compares them, setting the length. Another method of comparison can be used when modeling a basket of ringlets. Kids mold a bottom-cake and 4 sausages. 3 sausages for the sides of the basket, and the fourth is the handle. Kids apply one of the sausages to the bottom, and if it turns out to be longer, then the extra cut off. All the following sausages are leveled first and firmly pressed against each other. Throughout the lesson, the teacher asks questions about the form, the individual elements and proportions in general, the methods and methods of creating the craft. This helps to stimulate the mental activity of children. To help kids become interested in modeling can be, telling before the lesson and during it different poems, riddles or small stories on the subject of the lesson. To make the image of the craft more expressive, you can use the stack. The teacher shows the kids how to properly cut the material for modeling, draw details or remove excess clay. The most attention should be paid to the lessons that are prepared by all the work done earlier. At the very beginning the teacher teaches the kids to choose a topic. You can ask what they saw when they walked, what they heard about or about whom they had read recently. In the process of creating the chosen character, the teacher directs the children's questions to give the image an additional clarity, brightness and completeness. What does this birdie do? How should the bird be arranged so that everyone understands that it pecks seeds? Such questions will teach crumbs to work with the image and activate thinking during the sessions of modeling. By increasing the amount of knowledge of children about the shape and proportions of objects, as well as the methods of modeling, it is necessary to analyze the results and talk about the quality of the work. The teacher draws the attention of the children to the correctness of the task and stimulates questions that encourage the children to reflect on their crafts.