In the fairy tale of Joanna Ferrius "About a paper airplane"the homemade airplane, hastily folded from the notebook, had a very definite task: to fulfill the cherished dream of its creator. But an airplane made of paper is capable not only of fulfilling wishes, as the legend says. A simple toy that costs nothing, will entice a restless kid for a long time, developing its creativity, accuracy and motility. And for adults, a paper airplane will help diversify leisure: you can arrange a competition for the range of flight or compete in the skills to fold complex airplanes. Let's understand how to make a plane out of paper together! Making an airplane from a sheet of paper
Where did the paper airplanes come from?
Made in the origami technique airplane,First, it owes its origin to the history of China, where paper was invented and origami originated - the art of folding figurines from pliable material. And secondly, a paper airplane in its current form is the tricks of quite serious aviation test centers, where models of airliners and military aircraft from paper are used to evaluate the aerodynamic properties of the structure since 1930. Origami fighter First to startTo test aviation developments using a paper fighter, the Americans became the Lockheed Corporation. Later paper airplanes spread all over the place, becoming a fascinating hobby for the inhabitants of any gender and age. There was a huge number of ideas how to make a paper plane that flies. Fold the airplane from a sheet of paper is not difficult, but it is advisable to prefer its light types - loose sheets of A5 format (used most often) or album pages of A4 size.
On how to make a plane out of paper,tells a lot of sources - more than 100 variations of crafts are already known to fans of origami. Soon you will be able to master each of them, but first let's use a regular sheet and 2 basic charts. Try your first airplane in stages by following the suggested instructions. Then it will be possible to proceed to mastering complex options or to develop your own model of an airplane made of paper that flies the best. Variant 1 "Airplane" Classic paper airplane
- Place a sheet of paper in front of you (vertically). The upper corners are called points A and B;
- Fold the upper corners inward, reducing the points A and B together and forming the correct pentagonal "house" from the once rectangular sheet (see Fig.);
- Wrap the top corner of the workpiece inwards, forming a square from the previous pentagon, squeeze the folds of the sheet;
- Like point 2, bend the upper corners inward, but do not form the right angle from above (see Fig.);
- Fix the structure with a bend to the resulting fixing corner in the center of the workpiece;
- Turn the hand-crafted "face" down, and then fold the future plane vertically inward (toward itself) exactly in half;
- It remains to bend to each wing, giving it the right shape and sufficient area for a successful flight;
- Straighten the paper airplane, set the desired angle of the wing (90 ° or more) and run it, holding the hand-crafted thing over the fixing angle in the middle of the toy.
Option 2 "Fighter" Simple paper fighter
- Vertically placed sheet of paper fold in half lengthwise, as shown in the diagram;
- Similar to the folding of the "Airplane", turn inside the upper corners, forming a "house" of 5 corners;
- Repeat the same folding of the sheet inside, forming an already acute-angled "house";
- The next folding of the future wings inside will make the workpiece even more "sharp";
- Turn the workpiece "face" down, and then fold the product vertically "inside out";
- Bend the wing of the aircraft from each side, it must capture the entire initial length of the workpiece;
- Ask the right angle for the wings of the airplane and run it by holding the toy at its bottom.
This basic step-by-step instruction allowsmaster the basics of "aircraft" in the technique of origami. A steep plane that flies 100 meters or more will not turn out right away - you need to hone the skill of folding a toy. Acting experimentally, try to create different models (changing the angle and the wing area, the width of the bow, etc.). Each time the toy will behave differently and its volatility will directly depend on the aerodynamic properties and the correctness of the folding.
Why do some models fly far and well and others do not?
Fold a simple airplane out of paper with your own handscan it be for a minute, but will it be properly held in the air if done hastily? Will not it fall in an unpredictable way, rather than gently soar, dissecting space? A good airplane is one that flies for a long time and confidently plans, standing firmly on the wing. But you need to add it slowly, carefully verifying the corners of the fold of the paper sheet and unerringly setting the proportions of the toy. Far, confident and well flies only the airplane, which is optimally balanced center of gravity, the wings are the same in size and dynamics of which do not prevent unnecessary "corrected" bends of the sheet. Do not know how to properly lay down a toy that will proudly fly far ahead, rather than fall off the flight path, so without starting it? Then just stick to the basic schemes of folding models, trying to improve in the accuracy of their manufacture with each new airplane. You can use small clumps of plasticine to weight the bow or unbalanced wing. Act experimentally, creating a truly steep aircraft from a simple paper sheet. Mastered simple schemes? Then boldly begin to replenish the toy squadron, using more sophisticated versions of folding paper planes in the origami technique. By the way, your collection of paper technology you can replenish not only the air fleet, but also the sea. For example, folding a paper boat or constructing a wonderful steamer with two chimneys. Well, below, we give some schemes of unusual, beautiful, and most importantly, flying hand-made articles made of paper: try them all, and then let us know in the comments which further flew!